Bechtel, MM, Handgartner, D and Schmid, L (2015) Does compulsory voting increase support for leftist policy? American Journal of Political Science 60, 752–767.
Bernhagen, P and Marsh, M (2007) The partisan effects of low turnout: analyzing vote abstention as a missing data problem. Electoral Studies 26, 548–560.
Blackwell, M, Iacus, S, King, G and Porro, G (2009) CEM: coarsened exact matching in stata. The Stata Journal 9, 524–546.
Blais, A (2000) To Vote or Not to Vote: The Merits and Limits of Rational Choice Theory. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Bond, RM, Fariss, CJ, Jones, JJ, Kramer, ADI, Marlow, C, Settle, JE and Fowler, JH (2012) A 61-million-person experiment in social influence and political mobilization. Nature 489, 295 EP.
Brunell, TL and DiNardo, J (2004) A propensity score reweighting approach to estimating the partisan effects of full turnout in american presidential elections. Political Analysis 12, 28–45.
Citrin, J, Schickler, E and Sides, J (2003) What if everyone voted? simulating the impact of increased turnout in senate elections. American Journal of Political Science 47, 75–90.
Dehejia, RH and Wahba, S (2002) Propensity score matching methods for nonexperimental causal studies. Review of Economics and Statistics 84, 151–161.
Fewerda, J (2014) Electoral consequences of declining participation: a natural experiment in Austria. Electoral Studies 35, 242–252.
Fowler, A (2015) Regular voters, marginal voters and the electoral effects of turnout. Political Science Research and Methods 3, 205–219.
Ho, D, Imai, K, King, G and Stuart, E (2007) Matching as nonparametric preprocessing for reducing model dependence in parametric causal inference. Political Analysis 15, 199–236.
Iacus, SM, King, G and Porro, G (2012) Causal inference without balance checking: coarsened exact matching. Political Analysis 15, 1–24.
Katz, G and Levin, I (2018) A general model of abstention under compulsory voting. Political Science Research and Methods 6, 489–508.
King, G and Zeng, L (2006) The dangers of extreme counterfactuals. Political Analysis 14, 131–159.
Lijphart, A (1997) Unequal participation: democracy's unresolved dilemma. American Political Science Review 91, 1–14.
Miller, P and Dassonneville, R (2016) High turnout in the low countries: partisan effects of the abolition of compulsory voting in the Netherlands. Electoral Studies 44, 132–143.