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Double Solids, Categories and Non-Rationality

  • Atanas Iliev (a1), Ludmil Katzarkov (a2) and Victor Przyjalkowski (a3)


This paper suggests a new approach to questions of rationality of 3-folds based on category theory. Following work by Ballard et al., we enhance constructions of Kuznetsov by introducing Noether–Lefschetz spectra: an interplay between Orlov spectra and Hochschild homology. The main goal of this paper is to suggest a series of interesting examples where the above techniques might apply. We start by constructing a sextic double solid X with 35 nodes and torsion in H3(X, ℤ). This is a novelty: after the classical example of Artin and Mumford, this is the second example of a Fano 3-fold with a torsion in the third integer homology group. In particular, X is non-rational. We consider other examples as well: V10 with 10 singular points, and the double covering of a quadric ramified in an octic with 20 nodal singular points. After analysing the geometry of their Landau–Ginzburg models, we suggest a general non-rationality picture based on homological mirror symmetry and category theory.

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Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society
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