Alexander, D. A. & Wells, A. (1991) Reactions of police officers to body-handling after a major disaster. A before and after comparison. British Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 547–555.
American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM–IV). Washington, DC: APA.
Banham, N. (1992) The cost of mental ill health to business. In Prevention of Mental Ill Health at Work (eds Perkins, R. & Coney, N.). London: HMSO.
Beck, A. T. (1967) Depression: Clinical Experimental and Theoretical Aspects.
New York: Paul Hoeber.
Cherry, N. (1978) Stress, anxiety and work: a longitudinal study. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 51, 259–270.
Crandall, R. & Perrewe, P. (eds) (1996) Occupational Stress: A Handbook.
London: Taylor and Francis.
Eliot, D. & Smith, D. (1993) Coping with the sharp end: recruitment and selection in the fire service. Disaster Management
Figley, C. (ed.) (1996)
. Coping with Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder in those Who Treat the Traumatized.
New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Goldberg, D. & Hillier, V. F. (1979) A scale version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 9, 39–145.
Health And Safety Executive (1990) Mental Health at Work (IND (G) 59L).
Hilton, M. R. (1981) The Hilton Questionnaire: A Measure of Drinking Behaviour.
Horowitz, M. J.
Wilner, N. & Arvarez, W. (1979) Impact of Events Scale: a measure of subjective distress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 207–218.
McLeod, J. & Cooper, D. (1992) A Study of Stress and Support in the Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service.
Keele: Department of Applied Social Studies, University of Keele.
McFarlane, A. C. (1989) The aetiology of post-traumatic morbidity: predisposing, precipitating and perpetuating factors. British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 221–228.
Metcalfe, M. & Goldman, E. (1965) Validation of an inventory for measuring depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 111, 240–242.
Paykel, E. S., Myers, J. K., Dienelt, M. N., et al (1969) Life events and depression – a controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 21, 753–60.
Raphael, B. (1986) When Disaster Strikes–A Handbook for the Caring Professions.
London: Unwin Hyman.
Taylor, P., Gunn, J. & Mezey, G. (1993) Victim and survivors. In Forensic Psychiatry Clinical Legal and Ethical Issues (eds Taylor, P. & Gunn, J.), pp. 884–944. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Warr, P. B. & Payne, R. L. (1988) Experiences of strain and pleasure among British adults. Society, Science and Medicine, 61, 1691–1697.
Wilson, J. & Raphael, B. (1994) When disaster strikes: managing emotional reactions in rescue workers. In Countertransference in the Treatment of PTSD (eds Wilson, J. & Lindy, J.). New York: Guilford Press.
Yu-Chun, (1986) A study of work stress and illness in Hong Kong fire fighters. Fire Engineers Journal, December, 15–17.