Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 22
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Veilleux, Jennifer C. and Skinner, Kayla D. 2015. Smoking, food, and alcohol cues on subsequent behavior: A qualitative systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, Vol. 36, p. 13.

    Cox, W. Miles Fadardi, Javad S. Intriligator, James M. and Klinger, Eric 2014. Attentional bias modification for addictive behaviors: clinical implications. CNS Spectrums, Vol. 19, Issue. 03, p. 215.

    Lieshout, Pascal van Ben-David, Boaz Lipski, Melinda and Namasivayam, Aravind 2014. The impact of threat and cognitive stress on speech motor control in people who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, Vol. 40, p. 93.

    Müller-Oehring, Eva M. and Schulte, Tilman 2014. Alcohol and the Nervous System.

    Klein, Audrey A. Nelson, Lindsay M. and Anker, Justin J. 2013. Attention and recognition memory bias for alcohol-related stimuli among alcohol-dependent patients attending residential treatment. Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 38, Issue. 3, p. 1687.

    Noël, X. Campanella, S. Pelc, I. and Verbanck, P. 2010. ACUTE AND CHRONIC EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL: SOME INSIGHTS FROM COGNITIVE SCIENCES. Acta Clinica Belgica, Vol. 65, Issue. sup1, p. 68.

    Noël, Xavier Bechara, Antoine Brevers, Damien Verbanck, Paul and Campanella, Salvatore 2010. Alcoholism and the Loss of Willpower. Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 240.

    Pothos, Emmanuel M. and Tapper, Katy 2010. Inducing a Stroop Effect. Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 24, Issue. 7, p. 1021.

    Sinclair, Julia M.A. Nausheen, Bina Garner, Matthew J. and Baldwin, David S. 2010. Attentional biases in clinical populations with alcohol use disorders: is co-morbidity ignored?. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, Vol. 25, Issue. 7-8, p. 515.

    Christopherson, Kimberly M. and Ferraro, F. Richard 2009. Lexical Decision Paradigms do not Differentiate between Fearful and Non-fearful Individuals. Current Psychology, Vol. 28, Issue. 2, p. 115.

    Fadardi, Javad Salehi and Cox, W. Miles 2009. Reversing the sequence: Reducing alcohol consumption by overcoming alcohol attentional bias. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 101, Issue. 3, p. 137.

    Fadardi, Javad Salehi and Cox, W. Miles 2008. Alcohol-attentional bias and motivational structure as independent predictors of social drinkers’ alcohol consumption. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 97, Issue. 3, p. 247.

    Cox, W. Miles Pothos, Emmanuel M. and Hosier, Steven G. 2007. Cognitive-motivational predictors of excessive drinkers’ success in changing. Psychopharmacology, Vol. 192, Issue. 4, p. 499.

    Khazaal, Y. Frésard, E. and Zullino, D. 2007. Exposition aux substances addictogènes, réponses conditionnées et traitements d’exposition avec prévention de la réponse. L'Encéphale, Vol. 33, Issue. 3, p. 346.

    Noël, Xavier Van der Linden, Martial d’Acremont, Mathieu Bechara, Antoine Dan, Bernard Hanak, Catherine and Verbanck, Paul 2007. Alcohol cues increase cognitive impulsivity in individuals with alcoholism. Psychopharmacology, Vol. 192, Issue. 2, p. 291.

    Cox, W. Miles Fadardi, Javad Salehi and Pothos, Emmanuel M. 2006. The Addiction-Stroop test: Theoretical considerations and procedural recommendations.. Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 132, Issue. 3, p. 443.

    Fadardi, Javad Salehi and Cox, W. Miles 2006. Alcohol attentional bias: drinking salience or cognitive impairment?. Psychopharmacology, Vol. 185, Issue. 2, p. 169.

    Ishida, Mitsuo 2006. Effect of allocating attention to aversive events on cardiovascular responses and event-related potentials in a dual-task paradigm. International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 62, Issue. 1, p. 93.

    Jones, Barry T. Bruce, Gillian Livingstone, Steven and Reed, Eunice 2006. Alcohol-related attentional bias in problem drinkers with the flicker change blindness paradigm.. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 20, Issue. 2, p. 171.

    Noël, Xavier Colmant, M. Van Der Linden, Marial Bechara, Antoine Bullens, Quentin Hanak, Catherine and Verbanck, Paul 2006. Time Course of Attention for Alcohol Cues in Abstinent Alcoholic Patients: The Role of Initial Orienting. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 30, Issue. 11, p. 1871.


A demonstration of attentional bias, using a novel dual task paradigm, towards clinically salient material in recovering alcohol abuse patients?

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2003

Background. This study examined whether alcohol abuse patients are characterized either by enhanced schematic processing of alcohol related cues or by an attentional bias towards the processing of alcohol cues.

Method. Abstinent alcohol abusers (N=25) and non-clinical control participants (N=24) performed a dual task paradigm in which they had to make an odd/even decision to a centrally presented number while performing a peripherally presented lexical decision task. Stimuli on the lexical decision task comprised alcohol words, neutral words and non-words. In addition, participants completed an incidental recall task for the words presented in the lexical decision task.

Results. It was found that, in the presence of alcohol related words, the performance of patients on the odd/even decision task was poorer than in the presence of other stimului. In addition, patients displayed slower lexical decision times for alcohol related words. Both groups displayed better recall for alcohol words than for other stimuli.

Conclusions. These results are interpreted as supporting neither model of drug cravings. Rather, it is proposed that, in the presence of alcohol stimuli, alcohol abuse patients display a breakdown in the ability to focus attention.

Corresponding author
Dr Michael W. Green, Psychology Institute, University of Aston, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *