Gadassi, Reuma and Mor, Nilly 2016. Confusing acceptance and mere politeness: Depression and sensitivity to Duchenne smiles. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 50, p. 8.
Pantzar, Alexandra Atti, Anna Rita Fratiglioni, Laura Fastbom, Johan Bäckman, Lars and Laukka, Erika J. 2016. Cognitive performance in unipolar old-age depression: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry,
Batmaz, Sedat Kaymak, Semra Ulusoy Kocbiyik, Sibel and Turkcapar, Mehmet Hakan 2015. From the First Episode to Recurrences: The Role of Automatic Thoughts and Dysfunctional Attitudes in Major Depressive Disorder. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 61.
Bus, B A A Molendijk, M L Tendolkar, I Penninx, B W J H Prickaerts, J Elzinga, B M and Voshaar, R C O 2015. Chronic depression is associated with a pronounced decrease in serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor over time. Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 20, Issue. 5, p. 602.
Hagan, Cindy C Graham, Julia M E Wilkinson, Paul O Midgley, Nick Suckling, John Sahakian, Barbara J and Goodyer, Ian M 2015. Neurodevelopment and ages of onset in depressive disorders. The Lancet Psychiatry, Vol. 2, Issue. 12, p. 1112.
Hagan, Cindy C. Graham, Julia M.E. Tait, Roger Widmer, Barry van Nieuwenhuizen, Adrienne O. Ooi, Cinly Whitaker, Kirstie J. Simas, Tiago Bullmore, Edward T. Lennox, Belinda R. Sahakian, Barbara J. Goodyer, Ian M. and Suckling, John 2015. Adolescents with current major depressive disorder show dissimilar patterns of age-related differences in ACC and thalamus. NeuroImage: Clinical, Vol. 7, p. 391.
Jarrett, Robin B. and Vittengl, Jeffrey R. 2015. Treating Depression.
Semkovska, Maria Lambe, Sinead Lonargáin, Diarmaid Ó and McLoughlin, Declan M. 2015. Neurocognitive Remediation Therapy for Depression. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 203, Issue. 8, p. 609.
Hales, Claire A Stuart, Sarah A Anderson, Michael H and Robinson, Emma S J 2014. Modelling cognitive affective biases in major depressive disorder using rodents. British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 171, Issue. 20, p. 4524.
Lok, A. Mocking, R.J.T. Assies, J. Koeter, M.W. Bockting, C.L. de Vries, G.J. Visser, I. Derks, E.M. Kayser, M. and Schene, A.H. 2014. The one-carbon-cycle and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism in recurrent major depressive disorder; influence of antidepressant use and depressive state?. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 166, p. 115.
Meng, C. Brandl, F. Tahmasian, M. Shao, J. Manoliu, A. Scherr, M. Schwerthoffer, D. Bauml, J. Forstl, H. Zimmer, C. Wohlschlager, A. M. Riedl, V. and Sorg, C. 2014. Aberrant topology of striatum's connectivity is associated with the number of episodes in depression. Brain, Vol. 137, Issue. 2, p. 598.
Seemüller, Florian Meier, Sebastian Obermeier, Michael Musil, Richard Bauer, Michael Adli, Mazda Kronmüller, Klaus Holsboer, Florian Brieger, Peter Laux, Gerd Bender, Wolfram Heuser, Isabella Zeiler, Joachim Gaebel, Wolfgang Riedel, Michael Falkai, Peter and Möller, Hans-Jürgen 2014. Three-Year long-term outcome of 458 naturalistically treated inpatients with major depressive episode: severe relapse rates and risk factors. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 264, Issue. 7, p. 567.
Ye, Z. Altena, E. Nombela, C. Housden, C. R. Maxwell, H. Rittman, T. Huddleston, C. Rae, C. L. Regenthal, R. Sahakian, B. J. Barker, R. A. Robbins, T. W. and Rowe, J. B. 2014. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibition modulates response inhibition in Parkinson's disease. Brain, Vol. 137, Issue. 4, p. 1145.
Huijbregts, Stephan C.J. Gassió, Rosa and Campistol, Jaume 2013. Executive functioning in context: Relevance for treatment and monitoring of phenylketonuria. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, Vol. 110, p. S25.
Ikeda, Eiji Shiozaki, Kazumasa Ikeda, Haruka Suzuki, Michio and Hirayasu, Yoshio 2013. Prefrontal dysfunction in remitted depression at work reinstatement using near-infrared spectroscopy. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Vol. 214, Issue. 3, p. 254.
Lin, A. Reniers, R. L. E. P. and Wood, S. J. 2013. Clinical staging in severe mental disorder: evidence from neurocognition and neuroimaging. The British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 202, Issue. s54, p. s11.
Linden, D. 2013. Biological psychiatry: time for new paradigms. The British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 202, Issue. 3, p. 166.
Willner, Paul Scheel-Krüger, Jørgen and Belzung, Catherine 2013. The neurobiology of depression and antidepressant action. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 37, Issue. 10, p. 2331.
Maalouf, Fadi T. Clark, Luke Tavitian, Lucy Sahakian, Barbara J. Brent, David and Phillips, Mary L. 2012. Bias to negative emotions: A depression state-dependent marker in adolescent major depressive disorder. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 198, Issue. 1, p. 28.
Robinson, O. J. Overstreet, C. Letkiewicz, A. and Grillon, C. 2012. Depressed mood enhances anxiety to unpredictable threat. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 42, Issue. 07, p. 1397.
Depressive disorders are amongst the leading causes of disability and mortality worldwide and, as such, it is predicted that by 2010 only cardio-ischaemic disorders will provide a greater burden. In addition to the sizable emotional, individual and social burden, depressive disorders cost an estimated US$83·1 billion per year in the United States alone. In spite of effective treatments, a large proportion of sufferers go on to experience recurrences. With successive recurrences, the likelihood of subsequent episodes increases. Despite this, research to date has tended to focus on first episodes or else has not distinguished between episodes. This editorial review highlights a number of differences between first and recurrent episodes which, in turn, recommend more longitudinal, recurrence-oriented, treatments. We also examine the findings from acute tryptophan depletion studies which, it is speculated, help to understand the differences between successive episodes. The overall aim, however, is to highlight the importance of recurrence in depression and to stimulate debate.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.