Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 50
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Burke, Chanel Stein-Parbury, Jane Luscombe, Georgina and Chenoweth, Lynn 2016. Development and Testing of the Person-Centered Environment and Care Assessment Tool (PCECAT). Clinical Gerontologist, Vol. 39, Issue. 4, p. 282.


    Douglas, Clint Haydon, Deborah and Wollin, Judy 2016. Supporting Staff to Identify Residents in Pain: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study in Residential Aged Care. Pain Management Nursing, Vol. 17, Issue. 1, p. 25.


    Moyle, Wendy Venturato, Lorraine Cooke, Marie Murfield, Jenny Griffiths, Susan Hughes, Julian and Wolf, Nathan 2016. Evaluating the capabilities model of dementia care: a non-randomized controlled trial exploring resident quality of life and care staff attitudes and experiences. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 28, Issue. 07, p. 1091.


    Zielin, Susan and McCabe, Marita 2016. Exploring the Relationship Between Premorbid Personality and Dementia-Related Behaviors. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, Vol. 42, Issue. 1, p. 40.


    Burns, R. A. Browning, C. J. and Kendig, H. L. 2015. Examining the 16-year trajectories of mental health and wellbeing through the transition into widowhood. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 27, Issue. 12, p. 1979.


    Matsushita, Masateru Ishikawa, Tomohisa Koyama, Asuka Hasegawa, Noriko Ichimi, Naoko Yano, Hiroyuki Hashimoto, Mamoru Fujii, Naoki and Ikeda, Manabu 2014. Is sense of coherence helpful in coping with caregiver burden for dementia?. Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 14, Issue. 2, p. 87.


    Park, Jee Eun Lee, Jun-Young Suh, Guk-Hee Kim, Byung-Soo and Cho, Maeng Je 2014. Mortality rates and predictors in community-dwelling elderly individuals with cognitive impairment: an eight-year follow-up after initial assessment. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 26, Issue. 08, p. 1295.


    Runci, Susannah J. Eppingstall, Barbara J. van der Ploeg, Eva S. and O’Connor, Daniel W. 2014. Comparison of Family Satisfaction in Australian Ethno-Specific and Mainstream Aged Care Facilities. Journal of Gerontological Nursing,


    Savvas, Steven M. Toye, Chris M. Beattie, Elizabeth R. A. and Gibson, Stephen J. 2014. An Evidence-Based Program to Improve Analgesic Practice and Pain Outcomes in Residential Aged Care Facilities. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 62, Issue. 8, p. 1583.


    Nose, Mayumi Kodama, Chiine Ikejima, Chiaki Mizukami, Katsuyoshi Matsuzaki, Asaki Tanaka, Shiro Yoshimura, Atsuko Yasuno, Fumihiko and Asada, Takashi 2013. ApoE4 is not associated with depression when mild cognitive impairment is considered. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 28, Issue. 2, p. 155.


    Burns, Richard A. Butterworth, Peter Windsor, Timothy D. Luszcz, Mary Ross, Lesley A. and Anstey, Kaarin J. 2012. Deriving prevalence estimates of depressive symptoms throughout middle and old age in those living in the community. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 24, Issue. 03, p. 503.


    Hidaka, Shin Ikejima, Chiaki Kodama, Chiine Nose, Mayumi Yamashita, Fumio Sasaki, Megumi Kinoshita, Toru Tanimukai, Satoshi Mizukami, Katsuyoshi Takahashi, Hideto Kakuma, Tatsuyuki Tanaka, Shiro and Asada, Takashi 2012. Prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among older Japanese people: comorbidity of mild cognitive impairment and depression. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 271.


    Runci, Susannah J. Eppingstall, Barbara J. and O'Connor, Daniel W. 2012. A comparison of verbal communication and psychiatric medication use by Greek and Italian residents with dementia in Australian ethno-specific and mainstream aged care facilities. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 24, Issue. 05, p. 733.


    Shigeta, Masahiro and Homma, Akira 2012. Handbook of Gerontology.


    Tait, Robert J. French, Davina J. Burns, Richard and Anstey, Kaarin J. 2012. Alcohol use and depression from middle age to the oldest old: gender is more important than age. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 24, Issue. 08, p. 1275.


    Atlantis, Evan Grayson, Dave A Browning, Colette Sims, Jane and Kendig, Hal 2011. Cardiovascular disease and death associated with depression and antidepressants in the Melbourne Longitudinal Studies on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA). International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 26, Issue. 4, p. 341.


    Shin, Mi Hee Lee, Young Min Park, Je Min Kang, Cheol Joong Lee, Byung Dae Moon, Eunsoo and Chung, Young In 2011. A Combination of the Korean Version of the Mini-Mental State Examination and Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire Is a Good Screening Tool for Dementia in the Elderly. Psychiatry Investigation, Vol. 8, Issue. 4, p. 348.


    Kendig, H. Browning, C. Pedlow, R. Wells, Y. and Thomas, S. 2010. Health, social and lifestyle factors in entry to residential aged care: an Australian longitudinal analysis. Age and Ageing, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 342.


    Pirani, Alessandro Brodaty, Henry Martini, Emilio Zaccherini, Davide Neviani, Francesca and Neri, Mirco 2010. The validation of the Italian version of the GPCOG (GPCOG-It): a contribution to cross-national implementation of a screening test for dementia in general practice. International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 22, Issue. 01, p. 82.


    Shin, Sang-Eun and Bae, Jae Nam 2010. Diagnosis of psychiatric disorders of the eldery. Journal of the Korean Medical Association, Vol. 53, Issue. 11, p. 964.


    ×

The Psychogeriatric Assessment Scales: a multidimensional alternative to categorical diagnoses of dementia and depression in the elderly

  • A. F. Jorm (a1), A. J. Mackinnon (a1), A. S. Henderson (a1), R. Scott (a1), H. Christensen (a1), A. E. Korten (a1), J. S. Cullen (a1) and R. Mulligan (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700033377
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract
SYNOPSIS

The Psychogeriatric Assessment Scales (PAS) provide an assessment of the clinical changes seen in dementia and depression. Principal components analysis and latent trait analysis were used to develop a set of scales to summarize these clinical changes. There are three scales derived from an interview with the subject (Cognitive Impairment, Depression, Stroke) and three from an interview with an informant (Cognitive Decline, Behaviour Change, Stroke). Results are reported on the reliability and validity of these scales using data from clinical samples in Sydney and Geneva and a population sample from Canberra. The scales were found to have excellent validity when judged against clinical diagnoses of dementia and depression and could distinguish Alzheimer's from vascular dementia. Cut-off points were developed to indicate correspondence between scale scores and clinical diagnoses. Percentile rank norms were developed from the Canberra population sample. The PAS is easy to administer and score and can be used by lay interviewers after training. It is intended for application both in research and in services for the elderly.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1 Address for correspondence: Dr A. F. Jorm, NH&MRC Social Psychiatry Research Unit, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. R. M. Copeland , B. J. Gurland , M. E. Dewey , M. J. Kelleher , A. M. R. Smith & I. A. Davidson (1987). Is there more dementia, depression and neurosis in New York? A comparative study of the elderly in New York and London using the computer diagnosis AGECAT. British Journal of Psychiatry 151, 466473.

P. Duncan-Jones , D. A. Grayson & P. A. P. Moran (1986). The utility of latent trait models in psychiatric epidemiology. Psychological Medicine 16, 391405.

M. F. Folstein , S. E. Folstein & P. R. McHugh (1975). ‘Mini-Mental State’: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research 12, 189198.

D. Goldberg , K. Bridges , P. Duncan-Jones & D. Grayson (1988). Detecting anxiety and depression in general medical settings. British Medical Journal 297, 897899.

L. Gustafson & L. Nilsson (1982). Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 65, 194209.

V. C. Hachinski , L. D. Iliff , E. Zilhka , G. H. Du Boulay , V. L. McAllister , J. Marshall , R. W. R. Russell & L. Symon (1975). Cerebral blood flow in dementia. Archives of Neurology 32, 632637.

J. A. Hanley & B. J. McNeil (1982). The meaning and use of the area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Radiology 143, 2936.

A. F. Jorm , L. Fratiglioni & B. Winblad (1993). Differential diagnosis in dementia: Principal components analysis of clinical data from a population survey. Archives of Neurology 50, 7277.

A. Mackinnon , H. Christensen , J. S. Cullen , C. J. Doyle , A. S. Henderson , A. F. Jorm , A. E. Korten & L. R. Scott (1993). The Canberra Interview for the Elderly: assessment of its validity in the diagnosis of dementia and depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 87, 146151.

R. Mulligan , A. Mackinnon , P. Berney & P. Giannakopulos (1994). The reliability and validity of the French version of the Canberra Interview for the Elderly. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 89, 268273.

H. E. Nelson & A. O'Connell (1978). Dementia: the estimation of premorbid intelligence levels using the New Adult Reading Test. Cortex 14, 234244.

M. Roth , E. Tym , C. Q. Mountjoy , F. A. Huppert , H. Hendrie S. Verma & R. Goddard (1986). CAMDEX: a standardized instrument for the diagnosis of mental disorder in the elderly with special reference to the early detection of dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry 149, 698709.

Social Psychiatry Research Unit (1992). The Canberra Interview for the Elderly: a new field instrument for the diagnosis of dementia and depression by ICD-10 and DSM-III-R. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 85, 105113.

J. Yesavage , T. L. Brink , T. L. Rose , O. Lum , V. Huang , M. Adey & V. O. Leiver (1983). Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research 17, 3749.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×