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14C Dating of Historical Buildings in Japan

  • Nanae Nakao (a1), Minoru Sakamoto (a2) (a3) and Mineo Imamura (a2) (a3)

Abstract

The radiocarbon dating method was applied to the study of Japanese traditional wooden buildings. The traditional Japanese architecture studied includes the Main Hall of Banna-ji Temple (Buddhist building), Sekisui-in of Kozan-ji Temple (noble house), Hakogi-ke house (farmhouse), and Kawai-ke house (townhouse). 14C dating proved useful as a research method to better understand the history of these buildings and Japanese architecture as a whole.

Copyright

Corresponding author

2. Corresponding author. Email: nanae_nakao@yahoo.co.jp.

References

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Cultural Properties Protection Committee. 1967. The Method of Investigation into Minka, Private House. Tokyo: Daiichi Hoki Co. Ltd. 236 p. In Japanese.
Imamura, M. 2005. Radiocarbon dating on the pillars by 14C-wiggle matching. In: The Japanese Association for Conservation of Architectural Monuments, editor. Report on the Restoration Work at the Main House, the Reception Building and the Main Gate of the Seki Family Residence, an Important Cultural Property Designated by the Japanese Government. p 111–6. Kanagawa: Seki Tsunesaburo. In Japanese.
Imamura, M, Nakao, N. 2007. Radiocarbon dating and research on private residences: part 2 the cases of the Seki family residence, Hakogi family residence and Yoshiwara family residence. Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History 137:211–25. In Japanese with English abstract.
Nagai, N, Mitsutani, T, Sugasawa, S. 2012. Research on the sutra boxes of Kozan-ji by dendrochronology, and the study of reconstruction of Sekisui-in building. Bulletin of Kansai University Museum 18:3245. In Japanese.
Nakao, N. 2007a. Radiocarbon dating and research on private residences: part 1 significance and outline of research. Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History 137:187209. In Japanese with English abstract.
Nakao, N. 2007b. The building year by radiocarbon calibration of Hakogi house, an important cultural property. Summaries of Technical Papers of Annual Meeting Architectural Institute of Japan 2007, 9057. Tokyo: Architectural Institute of Japan. p 13114. In Japanese.
Nakao, N. 2008. Radiocarbon dating and research on Takizawa Honjin Yokoyama Family Residence, an important cultural property. Summaries of Technical Papers of Annual Meeting Architectural Institute of Japan 2008, 9062. Tokyo: Architectural Institute of Japan. p 123–4. In Japanese.
Nakao, N. 2011. The method of 14C-dating for historical buildings. Journal of Bunka Women's University. Studies on Fashion Science & Art Design 42:3947. In Japanese.
Nakao, N, Imamura, M. 2008. 14C-dating on structure members of Mugishima Castle. In: Abstract Book of the 25th Japan Society for Scientific Studies on Cultural Properties. p 50–1. In Japanese.
Nakao, N, Nagai, N. 2013. Radiocarbon dating and research on Kawai house. Summaries of Technical Papers Annual Meeting, Architectural Institute of Japan Kinki Chapter, 9011. p 789–92. In Japanese.
Nakao, N, Sakamoto, M. 2011. 14C-dating on the tea ceremony room. Report on the Restoration Work at the Tea ceremony Room where Hosokawa-yusai Instructed about the Japanese Poem, Cultural Assets Designated by Kumamoto Prefecture. Tokyo: Eiseibunko Museum. p 66–9. In Japanese.
Nakao, N, Sakamoto, M. 2013. 14C-dating on the temple dedicated to the Physician of Souls in Chikou-ji. Report on the Restoration Work at the Temple Dedicated to the Physician of Souls in Chikou-ji. Nagano: Chikou-ji Temple. p 197200. In Japanese.
Nakao, N, Watanabe, Y, Sakamoto, M, Imamura, M. 2012. Radiocarbon dating and research on historical buildings in the Middle Ages and early modern times: case studies of the Daizen-ji Temple main hall, the former head and branch Doi houses, and the Miki house. Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History 176:81117. In Japanese with English abstract.
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Sakamoto, M. 2012. Radiocarbon calibration program using spreadsheet software: RHC version 4. Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History 176:169–78. In Japanese.
Ueno, K, Nakao, N. 2012. Study on radiocarbon dating of main hall of Banna-ji. Journal of Architectural Planning, AIJ 77(678):1939–47. In Japanese with English abstract.

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