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The Lebyazhinka Burial Ground (Middle Volga Region, Russia): New 14C Dates and the Reservoir Effect

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 November 2017

N I Shishlina*
State Historical Museum – Archaeology, Red Square 1, Moscow 109012Russia
J van der Plicht
Center for Isotope Research, Groningen University, Nijenborgh 6, 9747 AG Groningen, the Netherlands Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 2, 2333 CC Leiden, the Netherlands
M A Turetsky
Volga Branch of the Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Samara, Russia
*Corresponding author. Email:


We report new accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon (AMS 14C) dates of bones from humans, animals, and fish from grave 12 of the Lebyazhinka V Eneolithic burial ground in the middle Volga River region, Russia. Earlier conventional dates established a chronology. This has to be adjusted by new insights: the date has to be corrected for reservoir effects. For this purpose we redated bone from a human, and for herbivore and freshwater fauna from the same context, and included measurements of the stable isotopes δ13C and δ15N. The reservoir offset for the human appears to be about 700 14C yr.

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© 2017 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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