Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-nmvwc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-15T13:10:15.717Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Justification of Violence Beliefs and Social Problem-Solving as Mediators between Maltreatment and Behavior Problems in Adolescents

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 April 2014

Esther Calvete*
Affiliation:
Universidad de Deusto (Spain)
*
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Esther Calvete, Universidad de Deusto, Departamento de Psicología, Apdo. 1, 48080 Bilbao (Spain). E-mail: ecalvete@fice.deusto.es

Abstract

This study examined whether justification of violence beliefs and social problem solving mediated between maltreatment experiences and aggressive and delinquent behavior in adolescents. Data were collected on 191 maltreated and 546 nonmaltreated adolescents (ages 14 to 17 years), who completed measures of justification of violence beliefs, social problem-solving dimensions (problem orientation, and impulsivity/carelessness style), and psychological problems. Findings indicated that maltreated adolescents' higher levels of delinquent and aggressive behavior were partially accounted for by justification of violence beliefs, and that their higher levels of depressive symptoms were partially mediated by a more negative orientation to social problem-solving. Comparisons between boys and girls indicated that the model linking maltreatment, cognitive variables, and psychological problems was invariant.

Este estudio examinó si las creencias justificadoras de la violencia y la resolución de problemas sociales mediaban entre las experiencias de maltrato y la conducta agresiva y delincuente en adolescentes. Se obtuvieron datos de 191 adolescentes que habían experimentado maltrato y 546 adolescentes no maltratados (edades entre 14 y 17 años). Completaron medidas de creencias justificadoras de la violencia, dimensiones de solución de problemas (orientación al problema, y estilo impulsivo) y problemas psicológicos. Los resultados indicaron que los mayores niveles de conducta agresiva y delincuente entre los adolescentes maltratados estaban parcialmente explicados por las creencias justificadoras de la violencia, y que sus mayores niveles de síntomas depresivos estaban mediados parcialmente por una orientación más negativa a los problemas sociales. Las comparaciones entre chicos y chicas indicaron que el modelo de asociación entre maltrato, variables cognitivas y síntomas psicológicos era invariante.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2007

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Achenbach, T.M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL/4–18, YSR, and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont.Google Scholar
Achenbach, T.M., Dumenci, L., & Rescorla, L.A. (2000). Ratings of relations between DSM-IV diagnostic categories and items of the CBCL/6–18, TRF, and YSR. Burlington VT: University of Vermont. Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families. Available at www.aseba.org.Google Scholar
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beck, A.T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. Madison, WI: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss: Loss, sadness, and depression. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Calvete, E., & Cardeñoso, O. (2001). Creencias, resolución de problemas y correlatos psicológicos. Psicothema, 13, 95100.Google Scholar
Calvete, E., & Cardeñoso, O. (2005). Gender differences in cognitive vulnerability to depression and behavior problems in adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 179192.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Calvete, E., & Connor-Smith, J. (2005). Automatic thoughts and psychological symptoms: A cross-cultural comparison of American and Spanish students. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 201207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cardeñoso, O., & Calvete, E. (2004). Desarrollo del Inventario de Creencias Irracionales para adolescentes. Psicología Conductual, 12, 289304.Google Scholar
Cicchetti, D., & Lynch, M. (1995). Failures in the expectable environment and their impact on individual development: The case of child maltreatment. In Cicchetti, D. & Cohen, D.J. (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology. Vol. 2: Risk, disorder, and adaptation (pp. 3271). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S.L. (2000). Development processes in maltreated children. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 46, 85160.Google ScholarPubMed
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Crick, N.R., & Dodge, K.A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information processing mechanisms in children's social adjustment. Child Development, 66, 8097.Google Scholar
Cummings, J.G., Pepler, D.J., & Moore, T.E. (1999). Behavior problems in children exposed to wife abuse. Gender differences. Journal of Family Violence, 14, 133156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Paul, J., & Arruabarrena, M.I. (1995). Behavior problems in school-aged physically abused and neglected children in Spain. Child Abuse and Neglect, 19, 409418.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dodge, K.A., & Pettit, G.S. (2003). A biopsychological model of the development of chronic conduct problems in adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 39, 349371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dodge, K.A., Pettit, G.S., Bates, J.E., & Valente, E. (1995). Social information-processing patterns partially mediate the effect of early physical abuse on later conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 632643.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
D'Zurilla, T.J., Chang, E.C., & Sanna, L.J. (2003). Self-esteem and social problem-solving as predictors of aggression in college students. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22, 424440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
D'Zurilla, T.J., Nezu, A.M., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (1998). Manual for the Social Problem-Solving Inventory Revised (SPSI-R), North-Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
Edens, J.F., Cavell, T.A., & Hughes, J.N. (1999). The self-systems of aggressive children: A cluster-analytic investigation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 441453.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Efron, B., & Tibshirani, R. (1993). An introduction to the bootstrap. New York: Chapman & Hall/CRC.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feindler, E.L., Rathus, J.H., & Silver, L.B. (2003). Assessment of family violence: A handbook for researchers and practitioners. Washington: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibb, B.E. (2002). Childhood maltreatment and negative cognitive styles: A quantitative and qualitative review. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 223246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guerra, N.G., Huesmann, L.R., & Spindler, A. (2003). Community violence exposure, social cognition, and aggression among urban elementary school children. Child Development, 74, 15611576.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hankin, B.L., & Abramson, L.Y. (2001). Development of gender differences in depression: An elaborated cognitive vulnerability-transactional stress theory. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 773796.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Herrenkohl, T.I., Huang, B., Tajima, E.A., & Whitney, S.D. (2003). Examining the link between child abuse and youth violence. An analysis of mediating mechanisms. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 11891208.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holmbeck, G.N. (1997). Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 599610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huesmann, L.R., & Guerra, N.G. (1997). Children's normative beliefs about aggression and aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 408419.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hughes, J.N., Cavell, T.A., & Grossman, P.B. (1997). A positive view of self and others: Risk or protection for aggressive children? Development and Psychopathology, 9, 7594.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ingram, R.E. (2003). Origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 7788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jaffe, P.G., Wolfe, D.A., Telford, A., & Austin, G. (1986). The impact of police charges in incidents of wife abuse. Journal of Family Violence, 1, 3749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jöreskog, K.G., & Sörbom, D. (2001). LISREL8 user's reference guide (2nd edition). Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.Google Scholar
Hu, L. & Bentler, P.M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, J., & Cicchetti, D. (2004). A longitudinal study of child maltreatment, mother-child relationship quality and maladjustment: The role of self-esteem and social competence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 341354.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Knutson, J.F., DeGarmo, D.S., & Reid, J.B. (2004).Social disadvantage and neglectful parenting as precursors to the development of antisocial and aggressive child behavior: Testing a theoretical model. Aggressive Behavior, 30, 187205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lahey, B.B., Miller, T.L., Schwab-Stone, M., Goodman, S.H., Waldman, I.D., Canino, G., Rathouz, P.J., Dennis, K.D., Bird, H., & Jensen, P.S. (2000). Age and gender differences in oppositional behavior and conduct problems: A cross-sectional household study of middle childhood and adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 488503.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lansford, J.E., Criss, M.M., Pettit, G., Dodge, K.A., & Bates, J.E. (2003). Friendship quality, peer group affiliation, and peer antisocial behavior as moderators of the link between negative parenting and adolescent externalising behavior. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13, 161184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lemos, S., Vallejo, G., & Sandoval, M. (2002). Estructura factorial del Youth Self Report (Youth Self-Report factor structure). Psicothema, 14, 816822.Google Scholar
Lochman, J.E. & Dodge, K.A. (1994). Social-cognitive processes of severely violent, moderately aggressive, and nonaggressive boys. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 366374.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lochman, J., Wayland, K.K., & White, K. J. (1993). Social goals: Relationship to adolescent adjustment and to social problem solving. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 135151.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
MacKinnon, D.P., Lockwood, C.M., Hoffman, J.M., West, S.G., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychological Methods, 7, 83104.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Maker, A.H., Shah, P.V., & Agha, Z. (2005). Child physical abuse: Prevalence, characteristics, predictors, and beliefs about parent-child violence in South Asian, Middle Eastern, East Asian, and Latina women in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 14061428.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Malinosky-Rummell, R., & Hansen, D.J. (1993). Long-term consequences of childhood abuse. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 6879.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maydeu-Olivares, A. & D'Zurilla, T.J. (1996). A factor-analytic study of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory: An integration of theory and data. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 115133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maxwell, C.D., & Maxwell, S.R. (2003). Experiencing and witnessing familial aggression and their relationship to physically aggressive behaviors among Filipino adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 14321451.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCabe, R.E., Blankstein, K.R., & Mills, J.S. (1999). Interpersonal sensitivity and social problem-solving: Relations with academic and social self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and academic performance. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23, 587604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moe, B.K., King, A.R., & Bailly, M.D. (2004). Retrospective accounts of recurrent parental physical abuse as a predictor of adult laboratory-induced aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 30, 217228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Muller, R.T., & Diamond, T. (1999). Father and mother abuse and child aggressive behaviour in two generations. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 31, 221228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prasad-Gaur, A., Hughes, J.N., & Cavell, T. (2001). Implications of aggressive children's positively biased relatedness views for future relationships. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 31, 215231.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Salzinger, S., Feldman, R.S., Ng-Mak, D.S., Mojica, E., Stockhammer, T., & Rosario, M. (2002). Effects of partner violence and physical child abuse on child behavior: A study of abused and comparison children. Journal of Family Violence, 17, 2352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shields, A., & Cicchetti, D. (1998). Reactive aggression among maltreated children: The contribution of attention and emotion dysregulation. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27, 381395.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shields, A., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Parental maltreatment and emotion dysregulation as risk factors for bullying and victimization in middle childhood. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30, 349363.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shonk, S.M., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Maltreatment, competency deficits, and risk for academic and behavioral maladjustment. Developmental Psychology, 37, 317.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shrout, P.E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422445.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spence, S.H., Sheffield, J., & Donovan, C. (2002). Problem-solving orientation and attributional style: Moderators of the impact of negative life events on the development of depressive symptoms in adolescence? Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 31, 219229.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Toth, S.L., & Cicchetti, D. (1996). Patterns of relatedness, depressive symptomatology, and perceived competence in maltreated children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 3241.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Toth, S.L., Manly, J.T., & Cicchetti, D. (1992). Child maltreatment and vulnerability to depression. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 97112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tyler, S., Allison, K., & Winsler, A. (2006). Child neglect: Developmental consequences, intervention, and policy implications. Child & Youth Care Forum, 35, 120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wei, M., Heppner, P.P., Russell, D.W., & Young, S.K. (2006). Maladaptive perfectionism and ineffective coping as mediators between attachment and future depression: A prospective analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 6779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Widom, C.S. (2000). Childhood victimization: Early adversity, later psychopathology. National Institute of Justice Journal, 242, 29.Google Scholar
Zelli, A., Dodge, K.A., Lochman, J.E., Laird, R.D., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (1999). The distinction between beliefs legitimizing aggression and deviant processing of social cues: Testing measurement validity and the hypothesis that biased processing mediates the effects of beliefs on aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 150166.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed