Wade, TD, Bulik, CM, Neale, M, Kendler, KS. Anorexia nervosa and major depression: shared genetic and environmental risk factors. Am J Psychiatry
2000; 157: 469–71.
Kortegaard, LS, Hoerder, K, Joergensen, J, Gillberg, C, Kyvik, KO. A preliminary population-based twin study of self-reported eating disorder. Psychol Med
2001; 31: 361–5.
Trace, SE, Baker, JH, Penas-Lledo, E, Bulik, CM. The genetics of eating disorders. Annu Rev Clin Psychol
2013; 9: 589–620.
Rastam, M, Taljemark, J, Tajnia, A, Lundstrom, S, Gustafsson, P, Lichtenstein, P, et al. Eating problems and overlap with ADHD and autism spectrum disorders in a nationwide twin study of 9- and 12-year-old children. ScientificWorldJournal
2013; 2013: 315–429.
Steinhausen, HC. The outcome of anorexia nervosa in the 20th century. Am J Psychiatry
2002; 159: 1284–93.
Rastam, M, Gillberg, C, Wentz, E. Outcome of teenage-onset anorexia nervosa in a Swedish community-based sample. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry
2003; 12 (suppl 1): 178–90.
Gillberg, C. Are autism and anorexia nervosa related?
Nord J Psychiatry
1985; 39: 307–12.
Huke, V, Turk, J, Saeidi, S, Kent, A, Morgan, JF. Autism spectrum disorders in eating disorder populations: a systematic review. Eur Eat Disord Rev
2013; 21: 345–51.
Treasure, J. Coherence and other autistic spectrum traits and eating disorders: building from mechanism to treatment. The Birgit Olssonlecture. Nord J Psychiatry
2013; 67: 38–42.
Zucker, NL, Losh, M, Bulik, CM, LaBar, KS, Piven, J, Pelphrey, KA. Anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorders: guided investigation of social cognitive endophenotypes. Psychol Bull
2007; 133: 976–1006.
Baron-Cohen, S, Jaffa, T, Davies, S, Auyeung, B, Allison, C, Wheelwright, S. Do girls with anorexia nervosa have elevated autistic traits?
2013; 4: 24.
Tchanturia, K, Smith, E, Weineck, F, Fidanboylu, E, Kern, N, Treasure, J, et al. Exploring autistic traits in anorexia: a clinical study. Mol Autism
2013; 4: 44.
Courty, A, Maria, AS, Lalanne, C, Ringuenet, D, Vindreau, C, Chevallier, C, et al. Levels of autistic traits in anorexia nervosa: a comparative psychometric study. BMC Psychiatry
2013; 13: 222.
Gillberg, IC, Billstedt, E, Wentz, E, Anckarsater, H, Rastam, M, Gillberg, C. Attention, executive functions, and mentalizing in anorexia nervosa eighteen years after onset of eating disorder. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol
2010; 32: 358–65.
Anckarsater, H, Hofvander, B, Billstedt, E, Gillberg, IC, Gillberg, C, Wentz, E, et al. The sociocommunicative deficit subgroup in anorexia nervosa: autism spectrum disorders and neurocognition in a community-based, longitudinal study. Psychol Med
2012; 42: 1957–67.
Huke, V, Turk, J, Saeidi, S, Kent, A, Morgan, JF. The clinical implications of high levels of autism spectrum disorder features in anorexia nervosa: a pilot study. Eur Eat Disord Rev
2014; 4: 116–21.
Wentz, E, Lacey, JH, Waller, G, Rastam, M, Turk, J, Gillberg, C. Childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders in adult eating disorder patients. A pilot study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry
2005; 14: 431–7.
Mors, O, Perto, GP, Mortensen, PB. The Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register. Scand J Public Health
2011; 39: 54–7.
Pedersen, CB. The Danish Civil Registration system. Scand J Public Health
2011; 39: 22–5.
Lynge, E, Sandegaard, JL, Rebolj, M. The Danish National Patient Register. Scand J Public Health
2011; 39: 30–3.
World Health Organization.
Classification of Diseases: Extended Danish-Latin Version of the World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases, 8th Revision, 1965.
Danish Board of Health, 1971.
World Health Organization.
The IDC-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research.
World Health Organization, 1993.
Micali, N, Simonoff, E, Elberling, H, Rask, CU, Olsen, EM, Skovgaard, AM. Eating patterns in a population-based sample of children aged 5 to 7 years: association with psychopathology and parentally perceived impairment. J Dev Behav Pediatr
2011; 32: 572–80.
Schnack, TH, Zdravkovic, S, Myrup, C, Westergaard, T, Wohlfahrt, J, Melbye, M. Familial aggregation of cryptorchidism–a nationwide cohort study. Am J Epidemiol
2008; 167: 1453–7.
McGrath, JJ, Petersen, L, Agerbo, E, Mors, O, Mortensen, PB, Pedersen, CB. A comprehensive assessment of parental age and psychiatric disorders. JAMA Psychiatry
2014; 71: 301–9.
Steinhausen, HC, Jakobsen, H, Helenius, D, Munk-Jorgensen, P, Strober, M. A nation-wide study of the family aggregation and risk factors in anorexia nervosa over three generations. Int J Eat Disord
Rutter, ML. Progress in understanding autism: 2007-2010. J Autism Dev Disord
2011; 41: 395–404.
Steinhausen, HC, Foldager, L, Perto, G, Munk-Jorgensen, P. Family aggregation of mental disorders in the nationwide Danish three generation study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci
2009; 259: 270–7.
Lindberg, L, Hjern, A. Risk factors for anorexia nervosa: a national cohort study. Int J Eat Disord
2003; 34: 397–408.
Lichtenstein, P, Yip, BH, Bjork, C, Pawitan, Y, Cannon, TD, Sullivan, PF, et al. Common genetic determinants of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Swedish families: a population-based study. Lancet
2009; 373: 234–9.
do Rosario-Campos, MC, Leckman, JF, Curi, M, Quatrano, S, Katsovitch, L, Miguel, EC, et al. A family study of early-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet
2005; 136B: 92–7.
Fairburn, CG, Cooper, Z, Doll, HA, Welch, SL. Risk factors for anorexia nervosa: three integrated case-control comparisons. Arch Gen Psychiatry
1999; 56: 468–76.
Rasic, D, Hajek, T, Alda, M, Uher, R. Risk of mental illness in offspring of parents with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of family high-risk studies. Schizophr Bull
2014; 40: 28–38.
Uher, R. Gene-environment interactions in severe mental illness. Front Psychiatry
2014; 5: 48.
Smoller, JW, Craddock, N, Kendler, K, Lee, PH, Neale, BM, Nurnberger, JI, et al. Identification of risk loci with shared effects on five major psychiatric disorders: a genome-wide analysis. Lancet
2013; 381: 1371–9.
Serretti, A, Fabbri, C. Shared genetics among major psychiatric disorders. Lancet
2013; 381: 1339–41.
Lock, J, Le, GD, Agras, WS, Moye, A, Bryson, SW, Jo, B. Randomized clinical trial comparing family-based treatment with adolescent-focused individual therapy for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2010; 67: 1025–32.
Treasure, J, Claudino, AM, Zucker, N. Eating disorders. Lancet
2010; 375: 583–93.
Oldershaw, A, Hambrook, D, Tchanturia, K, Treasure, J, Schmidt, U. Emotional theory of mind and emotional awareness in recovered anorexia nervosa patients. Psychosom Med
2010; 72: 73–9.
Couturier, J, Lock, J. What is remission in adolescent anorexia nervosa? A review of various conceptualizations and quantitative analysis. Int J Eat Disord
2006; 39: 175–83.
Lindblad, F, Lindberg, L, Hjern, A. Anorexia nervosa in young men: a cohort study. Int J Eat Disord
2006; 39: 662–6.
Stoving, RK, Andries, A, Brixen, K, Bilenberg, N, Horder, K. Gender differences in outcome of eating disorders: a retrospective cohort study. Psychiatry Res
2011; 186: 362–6.
Pagsberg, AK, Wang, AR. Epidemiology of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in Bornholm County, Denmark, 1970-1989. Acta Psychiatr Scand
1994; 90: 259–65.
Uggerby, P, Ostergaard, SD, Roge, R, Correll, CU, Nielsen, J. The validity of the schizophrenia diagnosis in the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register is good. Dan Med J
2013; 60: A4578.
Lauritsen, MB, Jorgensen, M, Madsen, KM, Lemcke, S, Toft, S, Grove, J, et al. Validity of childhood autism in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register: findings from a cohort sample born 1990-1999. J Autism Dev Disord
2010; 40: 139–48.
Bock, C, Bukh, JD, Vinberg, M, Gether, U, Kessing, LV. Validity of the diagnosis of a single depressive episode in a case register. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health
2009; 5: 4.
Kessing, LV. Gender differences in subtypes of late-onset depression and mania. Int Psychogeriatr
2006; 18: 727–38.