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Depressive disorders in Europe: prevalence figures from the ODIN study

  • Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos (a1), Jose Luis Vázquez-Barquero (a1), Christopher Dowrick (a2), Ville Lehtinen (a3), Odd Steffen Dalgard (a4), Patricia Casey (a5), Clare Wilkinson (a6), Lourdes Lasa (a7), Helen Page (a2), Graham Dunn (a8), Greg Wilkinson (a9) and the Odin Group...
Abstract
Background

This is the first report on the epidemiology of depressive disorders from the European Outcome of Depression International Network (ODIN) study.

Aims

To assess the prevalence of depressive disorders in randomly selected samples of the general population in five European countries.

Method

The study was designed as a cross-sectional two-phase community study using the Beck Depression Inventory during Phase 1, and the Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry during Phase 2.

Results

An analysis of the combined sample (n=8.764) gave an overall prevalence of depressive disorders of 8.56% (95% Cl 7.05–10.37). The figures were 10.05% (95% Cl 7.80–12.85) for women and 6.61% (95% Cl 4.92–8.83) for men. The centres fall into three categories: high prevalence (urban Ireland and urban UK), low prevalence (urban Spain) and medium prevalence (the remaining sites).

Conclusions

Depressive disorder is a highly prevalent condition in Europe. The major finding is the wide difference in the prevalence of depressive disorders found across the study sites.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Professor Vázquez-Barquero, Clinical and Social Psychiatry Research Unit, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Avd. Valdecilla s/n Santander 39008, Spain
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Declaration of interest

Funding detailed in the Acknowledgements. G. W. is Editor of the British Journal of Psychiatry.

Footnotes
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Depressive disorders in Europe: prevalence figures from the ODIN study

  • Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos (a1), Jose Luis Vázquez-Barquero (a1), Christopher Dowrick (a2), Ville Lehtinen (a3), Odd Steffen Dalgard (a4), Patricia Casey (a5), Clare Wilkinson (a6), Lourdes Lasa (a7), Helen Page (a2), Graham Dunn (a8), Greg Wilkinson (a9) and the Odin Group...
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