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Detection of Postnatal Depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

  • J. L. Cox (a1), J. M. Holden (a2) and R. Sagovsky (a1)
Abstract

The development of a 10-item self-report scale (EPDS) to screen for Postnatal Depression in the community is described. After extensive pilot interviews a validation study was carried out on 84 mothers using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for depressive illness obtained from Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview. The EPDS was found to have satisfactory sensitivity and specficity, and was also sensitive to change in the severity of depression over time. The scale can be completed in about 5 minutes and has a simple method of scoring. The use of the EPDS in the secondary prevention of Postnatal Depression is discussed.

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University of Keele, Thornburrow Drive, Hartshil, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs S17 7QB
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Detection of Postnatal Depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

  • J. L. Cox (a1), J. M. Holden (a2) and R. Sagovsky (a1)
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