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The revised Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ–R)

  • Paul Chadwick (a1), Susan Lees (a2) and Max Birchwood (a3)
Abstract
Background

We present a revised Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ–R), a self-report measure of patients' beliefs, emotions and behaviour about auditory hallucinations.

Aims

To improve measurement of omnipotence, a pivotal concept in understanding auditory hallucinations, and elucidate links between beliefs about voices, anxiety and depression.

Methods

Seventy-one participants with chronic auditory hallucinations completed the BAVQ–R, and 58 also completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

Results

The mean Cronbach's α for the five sub-scales was 0.86 (range 0.74–0.88). The study supports hypotheses about links between beliefs, emotions and behaviour, and presents original data on how these relate to the new omnipotence sub-scale. Original data are also presented on connections with anxiety and depression.

Conclusions

The BAVQ–R is more reliable and sensitive to individual differences than the original version, and reliably measures omnipotence.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Paul Chadwick, School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Washington Singer Laboratories, Perry Road, Exeter EX4 4QG, UK
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

This study was supported by a University of Southampton grant to the first author.

Footnotes
References
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Bauer, S. (1970) The function of hallucinations: an enquiry into the relationship of hallucinatory experience to creative thought. In Origin and Mechanisms of Hallucinations (ed. Keup, W.). New York: Plenum.
Birchwood, M. J. & Chadwick, P. D. J. (1997) The omnipotence of voices: testing the validity of a cognitive model. Psychological Medicine, 27, 13451353.
Chadwick, P. & Birchwood, M. (1994) The omnipotence of voices. A cognitive approach to auditory hallucinations. British Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 190201.
Chadwick, P. & Birchwood, M. (1995) The omnipotence of voices. II: The Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire. British Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 773776.
Chadwick, P. & Birchwood, M. (1996) Cognitive therapy for voices. In Cognitive–Behavioural Interventions for Psychotic Disorders (eds Haddock, G. & Slade, P. D.). London: Routledge.
Chadwick, P., Sambrooke, S., Rasch, S., et al (2000) Challenging the omnipotence of voices: group cognitive behaviour therapy for voices. Behaviour Research and Therapy, in press.
Close, H. & Garety, P. (1998) Cognitive assessments of voices: further developments in understanding the emotional impact of voices. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37, 189197.
Romme, M. & Escher, S. (1989) Hearing voices. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 15, 209216.
Zigmond, A. S. & Snaith, R. P. (1983) The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361370.
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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The revised Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ–R)

  • Paul Chadwick (a1), Susan Lees (a2) and Max Birchwood (a3)
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