Nitsche, MA, Cohen, LG, Wassermann, EM, Priori, A, Lang, N, Antal, A, et al. Transcranial direct current stimulation: state of the art 2008. Brain Stimul
2008; 1: 206–23.
Bindman, LJ, Lippold, OC, Redfearn, JW. The action of brief polarizing currents on the cerebral cortex of the rat (1) during current flow and (2) in the production of long-lasting after-effects. J Physiol
1964; 172: 369–82.
Arul-Anandam, AP, Loo, C. Transcranial direct current stimulation: a new tool for the treatment of depression?
J Affect Disord
2009; 117: 137–45.
Nitsche, MA, Boggio, PS, Fregni, F, Pascual-Leone, A. Treatment of depression with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): a review. Exp Neurol
2009; 219: 14–9.
Fregni, F, Boggio, PS, Nitsche, MA, Marcolin, MA, Rigonatti, SP, Pascual-Leone, A. Treatment of major depression with transcranial direct current stimulation. Bipolar Disord
2006; 8: 203–4.
Boggio, PS, Rigonatti, SP, Ribeiro, RB, Myczkowski, ML, Nitsche, MA, Pascual-Leone, A, et al. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial on the efficacy of cortical direct current stimulation for the treatment of major depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol
2008; 11: 249–54.
Loo, CK, Sachdev, P, Martin, D, Pigot, M, Alonzo, A, Malhi, GS, et al. A double-blind, sham-controlled trial of transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol
2010; 13: 61–9.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) . APA, 1994.
Montgomery, SA, Åsberg, M. A new depression scale designed to be sensitive to change. Br J Psychiatry
1979; 134: 382–9.
Sheehan, DV, Lecrubier, Y, Sheehan, KH, Amorim, P, Janavs, J, Weiller, E, et al. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10. J Clin Psychiatry
1998; 59 (suppl 20): 22–33.
Liebetanz, D, Nitsche, MA, Tergau, F, Paulus, W. Pharmacological approach to the mechanisms of transcranial DC-stimulation-induced after-effects of human motor cortex excitability. Brain
2002; 125: 2238–47.
Nitsche, MA, Liebetanz, D, Schlitterlau, A, Henschke, U, Fricke, K, Frommann, K, et al. GABAergic modulation of DC stimulation-induced motor cortex excitability shifts in humans. Eur J Neurosci
2004; 19: 2720–6.
Fekadu, A, Wooderson, SC, Markopoulou, K, Cleare, AJ. The Maudsley Staging Method for treatment-resistant depression: prediction of longer-term outcome and persistence of symptoms. J Clin Psychiatry
2009; 70: 952–7.
Loo, CK, Martin, DM, Alonzo, A, Gandevia, S, Mitchell, PB, Sachdev, P. Avoiding skin burns with transcranial direct current stimulation: preliminary considerations. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol
2011; 14: 1–2.
Rush, AJ, Gullion, CM, Basco, MR, Jarrett, RB, Trivedi, MH. The Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS): psychometric properties. Psychol Med
1996; 26: 477–86.
Guy, W. Clinical global impressions. In Assessment Manual for Psychopharmacology – Revised: 218–22. National Insitute of Mental Health, 1976.
Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, Ibrahim, HM, Carmody, TJ, Arnow, B, Klein, DN, et al. The 16-Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Biol Psychiatry
2003; 54: 573–83.
Parker, G, Hadzi-Pavlovic, D, Boyce, P, Wilhelm, K, Brodaty, H, Mitchell, P, et al. Classifying depression by mental state signs. Br J Psychiatry
1990; 157: 55–65.
Rey, A. L'Examen Clinique en Psychologie
[in French]. Presses Universitaires de France, 1964.
Wechsler, D. WAIS-R Manual. Psychological Corporation, 1981.
Spreen, O, Strauss, E. A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests (2nd edn). Oxford University Press, 1998.
Benton, AL, Hamsher, KD. Multilingual Aphasia Examination. AJA Associates, 1989.
Wechsler, D. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Administration and Scoring Manual (3rd edn). The Psychological Corporation, 1997.
Smith, A. Symbol Digit Modalities Test. Western Psychological Services, 1991.
Brunoni, AR, Ferrucci, R, Bortolomasi, M, Vergari, M, Tadini, L, Boggio, PS, et al. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in unipolar vs. bipolar depressive disorder. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry
2011; 35: 96–101.
Slotema, CW, Blom, JD, Hoek, HW, Sommer, IE. Should we expand the toolbox of psychiatric treatment methods to include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)? A meta-analysis of the efficacy of rTMS in psychiatric disorders. J Clin Psychiatry
2010; 71: 873–84.
Nitsche, MA, Paulus, W. Sustained excitability elevations induced by transcranial DC motor cortex stimulation in humans. Neurology
2001; 57: 1899–901.
Alonzo, A, Brassil, J, Taylor, J, Martin, D, Loo, CK. Daily transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) leads to greater increases in cortical excitability than second daily tDCS. Brain Stimul
Avery, DH, Isenberg, KE, Sampson, SM, Janicak, PG, Lisanby, SH, Maixner, DF, et al. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depressive disorder: clinical response in an open-label extension trial. J Clin Psychiatry
2008; 69: 441–51.
Rush, AJ, Trivedi, MH, Wisniewski, SR, Nierenberg, AA, Stewart, JW, Warden, D, et al. Acute and longer-term outcomes in depressed outpatients requiring one or several treatment steps: a STAR∗D report. Am J Psychiatry
2006; 163: 1905–17.
Kang, EK, Baek, MJ, Kim, S, Paik, NJ. Non-invasive cortical stimulation improves post-stroke attention decline. Restor Neurol Neurosci
2009; 27: 645–50.
Fregni, F, Boggio, PS, Nitsche, MA, Rigonatti, SP, Pascual-Leone, A. Cognitive effects of repeated sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with depression. Depress Anxiety
2006; 23: 482–4.