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The relevance of uncertainty and goal conflict to mental disorders, their prevention and management: a unifying approach

  • Danielle A. Einstein (a1) and Warren Mansell (a2)

Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) has been shown to underlie a range of disorders. Technological advances have produced a decline in our development of an ability to wait in the face of uncertainty. The paper provides an update on empirical, theoretical and neural research in IU. Einstein's extended trandiagnostic model of IU is described. This model is based on control theory. The research update and IU model propose specific tools which can be implemented within transdiagnostic treatment approaches.

Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: Dr D. A. Einstein, Honorary Associate, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia (email:
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