Alter, K. J. (2008), ‘Agents or Trustees? International Courts in Their Political Context’, European Journal of International Relations, 14(1): 33–63.
Busch, M. L. and Pelc, K. J. (2010), ‘The Politics of Judicial Economy at the World Trade Organization’, International Organization, 64(2): 257–279.
Busch, M. L. and Reinhardt, E. (2006), ‘Three's a Crowd: Third Parties and WTO Dispute Settlement’, World Politics, 58(3): 446–477.
Carrubba, C. J., Matthew, G., and Hankla, C. (2008), ‘Judicial Behavior under Political Constraints: Evidence from the European Court of Justice’, American Political Science Review, 102(4): 435–452.
Charnovitz, S. (2000), ‘Opening the WTO to Nongovernmental Interests’, Fordham International Law Journal, 24: 173–216.
Dunoff, J. L. (1998), ‘The Misguided Debate over NGO Participation at the WTO’, Journal of International Economic Law, 1(3): 433–456.
Dunoff, J. L. (2006), ‘Constitutional Conceits: The WTO's “Constitution” and the Discipline of International Law’, European Journal of International Law, 17(3): 647–675.
Dworkin, R. (1986), Law's Empire, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Elsig, M. and Pollack, M. (2014), ‘Agents, Trustees, and International Courts: The Politics of Judicial Appointment at the World Trade Organization’, European Journal of International Relations, 20(2): 391–415.
Esty, D. C. (1998), ‘Non-Governmental Organizations at the World Trade Organization: Cooperation, Competition, or Exclusion’, Journal of International Economic Law, 1(1): 123–148.
Franck, T. M. (1990), The Power of Legitimacy among Nations, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Franck, T. M. (1995). Fairness in International Law and Institutions, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Garrett, G., Kelemen, R. D., and Schulz, H. (1998), ‘The European Court of Justice, National Governments, and Legal Integration in the European Union’, International Organization, 52(1): 149–176.
Ginsburg, T. (2013), ‘Political Constraints on International Courts’, in Romano, C., Alter, K., and Shany, Y. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 483–502.
Hanegraaff, M., Beyers, J., and Braun, C. (2011), ‘Open the Door to More of the Same? The Development of Interest Group Representation at the WTO’, World Trade Review, 10(4): 447–472.
Hanegraaff, M., Braun, C., De Bièvre, D., and Beyers, J. (2015), ‘The Domestic and Global Origins of Transnational Advocacy: Explaining Lobbying Presence During WTO Ministerial Conferences’, Comparative Political Studies, 48(12): 1591–1621.
Kelemen, D. (2001), ‘The Limits of Judicial Power: Trade–Environment Disputes in the GATT/WTO and the EU’, Comparative Political Studies, 34(6): 622–650.
Larsson, O. and Naurin, D. (2016), ‘Judicial Independence and Political Uncertainty: How the Risk of Override Affects the Court of Justice of the EU’, International Organization, 70(2): 377–408.
Marceau, G. and Hurley, M. (2012), ‘Transparency and Public Participation: A Report Card on WTO Transparency Mechanisms’, Trade, Law and Development, 4(1): 19–44.
Mavroidis, P. C. (2002), ‘Amicus Curiae Briefs before the WTO: Much Ado about Nothing’, Jean Monnet Working Paper 2/01.
McCall Smith, J. (2003), ‘WTO Dispute Settlement: The Politics of Procedure in Appellate Body Rulings’, World Trade Review, 2(1): 65–100.
O'Brien, R., Goetz, A. Marie, Scholte, J. Aart, and Williams, M. (2000), Contesting Global Governance: Multinational Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Scholte, J., O'Brien, R., and Williams, M. (1999), ‘The WTO and Civil Society’, Journal World Trade, 33(1): 107–123.
Shaffer, G. C. (2001), ‘The World Trade Organization under Challenge: Democracy and the Law and Politics of the WTO's Treatment of Trade and Environment Matters’, Harvard Environmental Law Review, 25(1): 1–93.
Slotboom, M. M. (2006), ‘Participation of NGOs before the WTO and EC Tribunals: Which Court is the Better Friend?’, World Trade Review, 5(1): 69–101.
Squatrito, T. (2012), ‘Opening the Doors to the WTO Dispute Settlement: State Preferences on NGO Access as Amici’, Swiss Political Science Review, 18(2): 175–198.
Steffek, J., Kissling, C., and Nanz, P. (2008), Civil Society Participation in European and Global Governance: A Cure for the Democratic Governance, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Steinberg, R. H. (2004), ‘Judicial Lawmaking at the WTO: Discursive, Constitutional, and Political Constraints’, American Journal of International Law, 98(2): 247–275.
Stern, B. (2005), ‘The Intervention of Private Entities and States “as Friends of the Court” in the WTO Dispute Settlement Proceedings’, in Macrory, P., Appleton, A., and Plummer, M. (eds.), The World Trade Organization: Legal, Economic, and Political Analysis, Boston, MA: Springer, pp. 1427–1458.
Stone Sweet, A. and Brunell, T. L. (2013), ‘Trustee Courts and the Judicialization of International Regimes: The Politics of Majoritarian Activism in the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Union, and the World Trade Organization’, Journal of Law and Courts, 1(1): 61–88.
Tallberg, J., Sommerer, T., Squatrito, T., and Jönsson, C. (2013), The Opening Up of International Organization: Transnational Access in Global Governance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Trachtman, J. P. and Moremen, P. M. (2003), ‘Costs and Benefits of Private Participation in WTO Dispute Settlement: Whose Right Is It Anyway?’, Harvard International Law Journal, 44(1): 221–250.
Umbricht, G. C. (2001), ‘An “Amicus Curiae Brief” on Amicus Curiae Briefs at the WTO’, Journal of International Economic Law, 4(4): 773–794.
Van den Bossche, P. (2008), ‘NGO Involvement in the WTO: A Comparative Perspective’, Journal of International Economic Law, 11(4): 717–749.