Skip to main content
×
×
Home

First Diagnose, Then Treat: What Ails the Doha Round?

  • ROBERT WOLFE (a1)
Abstract

The commonplace tendency is to blame the difficulties of the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations on the World Trade Organization (WTO) itself. In contrast, I suggest in the first section of this article that exogenous structural factors, especially changing commodity prices and trade flows, fatally undermined the Round. In the second section, I discount the significance of endogenous institutional factors such as the number of participants, the size of the agenda, or the Single Undertaking, although design failures, notably in the ‘modalities’ for negotiation, did hurt. But what hurt even more was the way the WTO, in common with most multilateral organizations, has not caught up with the shifting centre of gravity in global governance. The trading system is no longer a transatlantic bargain. The regulatory issues on the twenty-first century trade policy agenda will inevitably be negotiated in Geneva, but only after a new trans-Pacific accommodation recognizes China's central role.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Email: robert.wolfe@queensu.ca
References
Hide All
Bouët, A. and Laborde, D. (2010), ‘Why Is the Doha Development Agenda Failing? And What Can Be Done? A Computable General Equilibrium–Game Theoretical Approach’, The World Economy, 33(11): 14861516.
Brink, L. (2013), ‘Trends in Agricultural Domestic Support Worldwide and Sustainable Development Implications’, paper delivered to the ICTSD workshop on Agricultural Trade Policy and Sustainable Development: Experience from India and Other Countries, New Delhi, India, 17 April 2013, http://ictsd.org/downloads/2013/04/ds-trends-ictsd-delhi-17-april-2013.pdf.
Brink, L., Orden, D., and Datz, G. (2013), ‘BRIC Agricultural Policies through a WTO Lens’, Journal of Agricultural Economics, 64(1): 197216.
Hoda, A. (2001), Tariff Negotiations and Renegotiations under the GATT and the WTO: Procedures and Practices, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hoekman, B. (2012), ‘Proposals for Reform: A Synthesis and Assessment’, in Narlikar, A., Daunton, M. J., and Stern, R. M. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 743775.
Hoekman, B. (2014), ‘The Bali Trade Facilitation Agreement and Rulemaking in the WTO: Milestone, Mistake or Mirage?’, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2014/102.
Jones, J. M. (2013), ‘Americans Shift to More Positive View of Foreign Trade’, Gallup, http://www.gallup.com/poll/160748/americans-shift-positive-view-foreign-trade.aspx, 28 February 2013.
Jupille, J. H., Mattli, W., and Snidal, D. (2013), Institutional Choice and Global Commerce, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kahler, M. (2013), ‘Rising Powers and Global Governance: Negotiating Change in a Resilient Status Quo’, International Affairs, 89(3): 711729.
Keohane, R. O. and Nye, J. S. Jr. (2001), ‘The Club Model of Multilateral Cooperation and Problems of Democratic Legitimacy’, in Porter, R. B. et al. (eds.), Efficiency, Equity, and Legitimacy: The Multilateral Trading System at the Millennium, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 264294.
Low, P. and Santana, R. (2009), ‘Trade Liberalization in Manufactures: What Is Left after the Doha Round?’, Journal of International Trade and Diplomacy, 3(1): 63126.
Messerlin, P. and Van Der Marel, E. (2011), ‘Polly Wants a Doha Deal: What Does the Trade Community Think?’, World Trade Review, 10(4): 551555.
Narlikar, A. and Priyadarshi, S. (2014), ‘Empowering the Poor? The Successes and Limitations of the Bali Package for the LDCs’, Third World Quarterly, 35(6): 10511065.
Ndirangu, N. (2011), ‘Special and Differential Treatment – Continuing Saga of Stalled Negotiations’, in Mehta, P. S., Kaushik, A., and Kaukab, R. S. (eds.), Reflections from the Frontline: Developing Country Negotiators in the WTO, Delhi: Academic Foundation, pp. 177194.
OECD (2011), Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD Countries and Emerging Economies, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Panagariya, A. (2012), ‘Agriculture and the Doha Round’, paper delivered to the conference on The Future of the WTO, Stanford University, 26–27 April 2012.
Wolfe, R. (2009a), ‘The Special Safeguard Fiasco in the WTO: The Perils of Inadequate Analysis and Negotiation’, World Trade Review, 8(4): 517544.
Wolfe, R. (2009b), ‘The WTO Single Undertaking as Negotiating Technique and Constitutive Metaphor’, Journal of International Economic Law, 12(4): 835858.
Wolfe, R. (2010), ‘Sprinting During a Marathon: Why the WTO Ministerial Failed in July 2008’, Journal of World Trade, 44(1): 81126.
Wolfe, R. (2012), ‘Protectionism and Multilateral Accountability During the Great Recession: Drawing Inferences from Dogs Not Barking’, Journal of World Trade, 46(4): 777814.
WTO (2005a), ‘Doha Work Programme: Ministerial Declaration’, World Trade Organization, Ministerial Conference, Sixth Session Hong Kong, 13–18 December 2005, WT/MIN(05)/DEC, 22 December 2005.
WTO (2005b), ‘Sector Specific Discussions and Negotiations on Goods in the GATT and WTO: Note by the Secretariat’, World Trade Organization, Negotiating Group on Market Access, TN/MA/S/13, 24 January 2005.
WTO (2007a), ‘Communication from the Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, Special Session’, World Trade Organization, http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/agric_e/agchairtxt_30apr07_e.htm, 30 April 2007.
WTO (2007b), World Trade Report 2007: Six Decades of Multilateral Trade Cooperation: What Have We Learnt? Geneva: World Trade Organization.
WTO (2008a), ‘Revised Draft Modalities for Agriculture’, World Trade Organization, Committee on Agriculture, Special Session, TN/AG/W/4/Rev.4, 6 December 2008.
WTO (2008b), ‘Services Signalling Conference: Report by the Chairman of the TNC’, World Trade Organization, JOB(08)/93, 30 July 2008.
WTO (2011), ‘Eighth Ministerial Conference, Chairman's Concluding Statement’, World Trade Organization, Ministerial Conference, Eighth Session Geneva, 15–17 December 2011, WT/MIN(11)/11, 17 December 2011.
WTO (2012), International Trade Statistics, 2012, Geneva: World Trade Organization.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World Trade Review
  • ISSN: 1474-7456
  • EISSN: 1475-3138
  • URL: /core/journals/world-trade-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed