Case C-528/13, Léger v. Ministre des Affaires sociales, de la Santé et des Droits des femmes; Établissement français du sang  ECLI: EU:C:2015:288 (Fourth Chamber).
In the case of Léger commented on, the Court of Justice of the European Union dealt with a blanket ban on blood donation for men who had sexual relations with other men (MSM) in France. The Court found that such restrictions can be justified in light of specific epidemiological context and scientific knowledge available in Member States. The judgment, therefore, sheds lights on the boundaries of public health justifications, discrimination of gay and bisexual individuals, as well as the rising scope of EU sexual risk regulation. The present annotation argues that the Court has undermined the principle of non-discrimination and shows how the matter of blood donations should have been treated instead as a prerequisite of active sexual citizenship.
“[T]he sanguine substance is intimately tied to both identity and public culture. Blood is a metaphor of life and of death; it fosters insider and outsider relations; it has economic clout and emblematic significance; these primal fluids are far from natural, organic, or self-evident, being imbued with cultural connotations reflecting imagined connectedness, tentative securities and demonstrable anxieties.”
Jefrey A. Bennet