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6 - The Economic Lifelines of Jeddah: Trade and Pilgrimage

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 February 2020

Ulrike Freitag
Affiliation:
Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient
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Summary

Chapter six investigates the economic bases of Jeddah, trade and pilgrimage. A brief overview of major trends in trade and transport is followed by a more detailed discussion of the merchants of Jeddah and their internal organisation. The political role of the merchants and their relation to the respective ruling powers forms another topic. The chapter then turns to the pilgrimage, starting by investigating the pilgrims’ guides and the way in which they organised reception, accommodation and transport for pilgrims. Given the attempts of Western powers to limit what were perceived health and political threats emanating from the pilgrimage, the ways in which such organisation played out locally through the consulates is touched upon, notably in as far it affected local water and health provision. Finally, the chapter turns to the Bedouin, a population usually residing outside of the city walls but indispensable to trade and pilgrimage and constituting a vital link between the city, its suburbs and surroundings.

Type
Chapter
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A History of Jeddah
The Gate to Mecca in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
, pp. 218 - 270
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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