Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-6b989bf9dc-476zt Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-12T22:45:31.840Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

7 - Meiosis and Fertility Associated with Chromosomal Heterozygosity

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2019

Jeremy B. Searle
Affiliation:
Cornell University, New York
P. David Polly
Affiliation:
Indiana University
Jan Zima
Affiliation:
Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Anderson, L. K., Reeves, A., Webb, L. M., and Ashley, T. (1999). Distribution of crossing over on mouse synaptonemal complexes using immunofluorescent localization of MLH1 protein. Genetics, 151, 1569–79.Google Scholar
Ashley, T. (2002). X-autosome translocations, meiotic synapsis, chromosome evolution and speciation. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 96, 33–9.Google Scholar
Ashley, T. and Plug, A. (1998). Caught in the act: deducing meiotic function from protein immunolocalization. Current Topics in Developmental Biology, 37, 201–39.Google ScholarPubMed
Ashley, T., Plug, A. W., Xu, J., et al. (1995). Dynamic changes in Rad51 distribution on chromatin during meiosis in male and female vertebrates. Chromosoma, 104, 1928.Google Scholar
Baker, R. J. and Bickham, J. W. (1986). Speciation by monobrachial centric fusions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 83, 8245–8.Google Scholar
Baker, S. M., Plug, A. W., Prolla, T. A., et al. (1996). Involvement of mouse Mlh1 in DNA mismatch repair and meiotic crossing over. Nature Genetics, 13, 336–42.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Banaszek, A. (1997). Chromosome Variation and Breeding Parameters of the Common Shrew (Sorex araneus L., 1758) in an Interracial Hybrid Zone. PhD dissertation, Białystok Branch of Warsaw University. (In Polish).Google Scholar
Banaszek, A., Fedyk, S., Szałaj, K. A., and Chętnicki, W. (2000). Reproductive performance in two hybrid zones between chromosome races of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Poland. Acta Theriologica, 45 (Suppl. 1), 6978.Google Scholar
Banaszek, A., Fedyk, S., Fiedorczuk, U., Szałaj, K. A., and Chętnicki, W. (2002). Meiotic studies of male common shrews (Sorex araneus L.) from a hybrid zone between chromosome races. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 96, 40–4.Google Scholar
Barlow, A. L. and Hultén, M. A. (1998). Crossing over analysis at pachytene in man. European Journal of Human Genetics, 6, 350–8.Google Scholar
Barton, N. H. (1979). Gene flow past a cline. Heredity, 43, 333–9.Google Scholar
Barton, N. H. and Hewitt, G. M. (1985). Analysis of hybrid zones. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 16, 113–48.Google Scholar
Basheva, E., Torgasheva, A., Gomez Fernandez, M., et al. (2014). Chromosome synapsis and recombination in simple and complex chromosomal heterozygotes of tuco-tuco (Ctenomys talarum: Rodentia: Ctenomyidae). Chromosome Research, 22, 351–63.Google Scholar
Basheva, E. A., Bidau, C. J., and Borodin, P. M. (2008). General pattern of meiotic recombination in male dogs estimated by MLH1 and RAD51 immunolocalization. Chromosome Research, 16, 709–19.Google Scholar
Basheva, E. A., Torgasheva, A. A., Sakaeva, G. R., Bidau, C., and Borodin, P. M. (2010). A- and B-chromosome pairing and recombination in male meiosis of the silver fox (Vulpes vulpes L., 1758, Carnivora, Canidae). Chromosome Research, 18, 689–96.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baudat, F. and de Massy, B. (2007). Regulating double-stranded DNA break repair towards crossover or non-crossover during mammalian meiosis. Chromosome Research, 15, 565–77.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baudat, F., Buard, J., Grey, C., et al. (2010). PRDM9 is a major determinant of meiotic recombination hotspots in humans and mice. Science, 327, 836–40.Google Scholar
Belonogova, N. M. and Borodin, P. M. (2010). Frequency of meiotic recombination in G and R chromosome bands of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Doklady Biological Sciences, 433, 268–70.Google Scholar
Belonogova, N. M., Karamysheva, T. V., Biltueva, L. S., et al. (2006). Identification of all pachytene bivalents in the common shrew using DAPI-staining of synaptonemal complex spreads. Chromosome Research, 14, 673–9.Google Scholar
Belonogova, N. M., Polyakov, A. V., Karamysheva, T. V., et al. (2017). Chromosome synapsis and recombination in male hybrids between two chromosome races of the common shrew (Sorex araneus L., Soricidae, Eulipotyphla). Genes, 8, 282.Google Scholar
Bidau, C. J., Giménez, M. D., Palmer, C. L., and Searle, J. B. (2001). The effects of Robertsonian fusions on chiasma frequency and distribution in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) from a hybrid zone in northern Scotland. Heredity, 87, 305–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bolcun-Filas, E. and Schimenti, J. (2012). Genetics of meiosis and recombination in mice. International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology, 298, 179227.Google Scholar
Borodin, P. (2008). Chromosomes and speciation. In Biosphere Origin and Evolution, ed. Dobretsov, N., Kolchanov, N., Rozanov, A., and Zavarzin, G.. Boston, MA: Springer, pp. 315–25.Google Scholar
Borodin, P. M. (1991). Synaptonemal complexes of the common shrew, Sorex araneus L., in spermatocyte spreads. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 56, 61–2.Google Scholar
Borodin, P. M., Basheva, E. A., and Zhelezova, A. I. (2009). Immunocytological analysis of meiotic recombination in the American mink (Mustela vison). Animal Genetics, 40, 235–8.Google Scholar
Borodin, P. M., Karamysheva, T. V., Belonogova, N. M., et al. (2008). Recombination map of the common shrew, Sorex araneus (Eulipotyphla, Mammalia). Genetics, 178, 621–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borodin, P. M., Karamysheva, T. V., and Rubtsov, N. B. (2007). Immunofluorescent analysis of meiotic recombination and interference in the domestic cat. Cell and Tissue Biology, 1, 503–7.Google Scholar
Borodin, P. M., Ladygina, T., Polyakov, A. V., and Rogatcheva, M. B. (1997). Chromosome coupling in Robertsonian heterozygotes in common (Sorex araneus) and musk (Suncus murinus) shrews. Doklady Akademii Nauk, 356, 132–4. (In Russian).Google Scholar
Borodin, P. M., Rogatcheva, M. B., Zhelezova, A. I., and Oda, S. (1998). Chromosome pairing in inter-racial hybrids of the house musk shrew (Suncus murinus, Insectivora, Soricidae). Genome, 41, 7990.Google Scholar
Brambell, F. W. R. (1935). Reproduction in the common shrew (Sorex araneus Linnaeus). I. The oestrous cycle of the female. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 225, 149.Google Scholar
Bulatova, N., Jones, R. M., White, T. A., et al. (2011). Natural hybridization between extremely divergent chromosomal races of the common shrew (Sorex araneus, Soricidae, Soricomorpha): hybrid zone in European Russia. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 24, 573–86.Google Scholar
Burgoyne, P. S., Mahadevaiah, S. K., and Turner, J. M. (2009). The consequences of asynapsis for mammalian meiosis. Nature Reviews Genetics, 10, 207–16.Google Scholar
Burton, R. S., Rawson, P. D., and Edmands, S. (1999). Genetic architecture of physiological phenotypes: empirical evidence for coadapted gene complexes. American Zoologist, 39, 451–62.Google Scholar
Carpenter, A. T. C. (1988). Thoughts on recombination nodules, meiotic recombination, and chiasmata. In Genetic Recombination, ed. Kucherlapati, R. and Smith, G.. Washington, DC: American Society of Microbiology, pp. 529–48.Google Scholar
Chmátal, L., Gabriel, S. I., Mitsainas, G. P., et al. (2014). Centromere strength provides the cell biological basis for meiotic drive and karyotype evolution in mice. Current Biology, 24, 22953000.Google Scholar
Coop, G. and Przeworski, M. (2007). An evolutionary view of human recombination. Nature Reviews Genetics, 8, 2334.Google Scholar
Dumas, D. and Britton-Davidian, J. (2002). Chromosomal rearrangements and evolution of recombination: comparison of chiasma distribution patterns in standard and Robertsonian populations of the house mouse. Genetics, 162, 1355–66.Google Scholar
Ellermeier, C., Higuchi, E. C., Phadnis, N., et al. (2010). RNAi and heterochromatin repress centromeric meiotic recombination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107, 8701–5.Google Scholar
Everett, C. A., Searle, J. B., and Wallace, B. M. N. (1996). A study of meiotic pairing, nondisjunction and germ cell death in laboratory mice carrying Robertsonian translocations. Genetical Research, 67, 239–47.Google Scholar
Fayer, S., Yu, Q., Kim, J., et al. (2016). Robertsonian translocations modify genomic distribution of γH2AFX and H3.3 in mouse germ cells. Mammalian Genome, 27, 225–36.Google Scholar
Fedyk, S. (1980). Chromosome polymorphism in a population of Sorex araneus L. at Białowieża. Folia Biologica (Kraków), 28, 83120.Google Scholar
Fedyk, S., Bajkowska, U., and Chętnicki, W. (2005). Sex chromosome meiotic drive in hybrid males of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Folia Biologica (Kraków), 53, 133–41.Google Scholar
Fedyk, S. and Chętnicki, W. (2007). Preferential segregation of metacentric chromosomes in simple Robertsonian heterozygotes of Sorex araneus. Heredity, 99, 545–52.Google Scholar
Fedyk, S. and Chętnicki, W. (2010). Non-disjunction frequency in male complex Robertsonian heterozygotes of the common shrew. Acta Theriologica, 55, 18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fledel-Alon, A., Wilson, D. J., Broman, K., et al. (2009). Broad-scale recombination patterns underlying proper disjunction in humans. PLoS Genetics, 5, e1000658.Google Scholar
Ford, C. E. and Evans, E. P. (1973). Non-expression of genome unbalance in haplophase and early diplophase of the mouse and incidence of karyotypic abnormality in post-implantation embryos. In Chromosome Errors in Relation to Reproductive Failure, ed. Boué, A. and Thibault, C.. Paris: INSERM, pp. 271–85.Google Scholar
Forejt, J. (1996). Hybrid sterility in the mouse. Trends in Genetics, 12, 412–17.Google Scholar
Fredga, K. (1970). Unusual sex chromosome inheritance in mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 259, 1536.Google Scholar
Froenicke, L., Anderson, L. K., Wienberg, J., and Ashley, T. (2002). Male mouse recombination maps for each autosome identified by chromosome painting. American Journal of Human Genetics, 71, 1353–68.Google Scholar
Fröhlich, J., Vozdova, M., Kubickova, S., et al. (2015) Variation of meiotic recombination rates and MLH1 foci distribution in spermatocytes of cattle, sheep and goats. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 146, 211–21.Google Scholar
Gabriel-Robez, O. and Rumpler, Y. (1996). The meiotic pairing behaviour in human spermatocytes carrier of chromosome anomalies and their repercussions on reproductive fitness. II. Robertsonian and reciprocal translocations. A European collaborative study. Annales de Génétique, 39, 1725.Google ScholarPubMed
Garagna, S., Zuccotti, M., Searle, J. B., Redi, C. A., and Wilkinson, P. J. (1989). Spermatogenesis in heterozygotes for Robertsonian chromosomal rearrangements from natural populations of the common shrew, Sorex araneus. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 87, 431–8.Google Scholar
Garagna, S., Redi, C. A., Zuccotti, M., Britton-Davidian, J., and Winking, H. (1990). Kinetics of oogenesis in mice heterozygous for Robertsonian translocations. Differentiation, 42, 167–71.Google Scholar
Garagna, S., Page, J., Fernandez-Donoso, R., Zuccotti, M., and Searle, J. B. (2014). The Robertsonian phenomenon in the house mouse: mutation, meiosis and speciation. Chromosoma, 123, 529–44.Google Scholar
Giagia-Athanasopoulou, E. B. and Searle, J. B. (2003). Chiasma localisation in male common shrews Sorex araneus, comparing Robertsonian trivalents and bivalents. Mammalia, 67 , 295–9.Google Scholar
Giménez, M. D., White, T. A., Hauffe, H. C., Panithanarak, T., and Searle, J. B. (2013). Understanding the basis of diminished gene flow between hybridizing chromosome races of the house mouse. Evolution, 67, 1446–62.Google ScholarPubMed
Hamerton, J. L., Canning, N., Ray, M., and Smith, S. (1975). A cytogenetic survey of 14,069 newborn infants. I. Incidence of chromosome abnormalities. Clinical Genetics, 8, 223–43.Google Scholar
Hart, E. J., Pinton, A., Powell, A., Wall, R., and King, W. A. (2008). Meiotic recombination in normal and clone bulls and their offspring. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 120, 97101.Google Scholar
Hassold, T., Judis, L., Chan, E. R., et al. (2004). Cytological studies of meiotic recombination in human males. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 107, 249–55.Google Scholar
Hassold, T., Hansen, T., Hunt, P., and Vandevoort, C. (2009). Cytological studies of recombination in rhesus males. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 124, 132–8.Google Scholar
Hatfield, T., Barton, N., and Searle, J. B. (1992). A model of a hybrid zone between two chromosomal races of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Evolution, 46, 1129–45.Google Scholar
Hausser, J., Fedyk, S., Fredga, K., et al. (1994). Definition and nomenclature of the chromosome races of Sorex araneus. Folia Zoologica, 43 (Suppl. 1), 19.Google Scholar
Holmquist, G. P. (1992). Chromosome bands, their chromatin flavors, and their functional features. American Journal of Human Genetics, 51, 1737.Google Scholar
Jadwiszczak, K. A. (2002). Chromosome Structure of the Hybrid Zone between the Drnholec and Białowieża Races of the Common Shrew, Sorex araneus Linnaeus, 1758. PhD dissertation, University of Białystok. (In Polish).Google Scholar
Jadwiszczak, K. A. and Banaszek, A. (2006). Fertility in the male common shrews, Sorex araneus, from the extremely narrow hybrid zone between chromosome races. Mammalian Biology, 71, 257–67.Google Scholar
Jensen-Seaman, M. I., Furey, T. S., Payseur, B. A., et al. (2004). Comparative recombination rates in the rat, mouse, and human genomes. Genome Research, 14, 528–38.Google Scholar
Jones, G. H. and Franklin, F. C. H. (2006). Meiotic crossing-over: obligation and interference. Cell, 126, 246–8.Google Scholar
Karamysheva, T. V., Belonogova, N. M., Rodionova, M. I., et al. (2007) Temporal and spatial distribution of Rad51 protein in spermatocytes of the common shrew Sorex araneus L. (Soricidae, Eulipotyphla). Russian Journal of Theriology, 6, 1519.Google Scholar
Kim, J.-A., Kruhlak, M., Dotiwala, F., Nussenzweig, A., and Haber, J. E. (2007). Heterochromatin is refractory to γ-H2AX modification in yeast and mammals. Journal of Cell Biology, 178, 209–18.Google Scholar
Kleckner, N., Storlazzi, A., and Zickler, D. (2003). Coordinate variation in meiotic pachytene SC length and total crossover/chiasma frequency under conditions of constant DNA length. Trends in Genetics, 19, 623–8.Google Scholar
Kukekova, A. V., Trut, L. N., Oskina, I. N., et al. (2007). A meiotic linkage map of the silver fox, aligned and compared to the canine genome. Genome Research, 17, 387–99.Google Scholar
Li, J., Harper, L. C., Golubovskaya, I., et al. (2007). Functional analysis of maize RAD51 in meiosis and double-strand break repair. Genetics, 176, 1469–82.Google Scholar
Li, X. C., Barringer, B. C., and Barbash, D. A. (2009). The pachytene checkpoint and its relationship to evolutionary patterns of polyploidization and hybrid sterility. Heredity, 102, 2430.Google Scholar
Lynn, A., Koehler, K. E., Judis, L., et al. (2002). Covariation of synaptonemal complex length and mammalian meiotic exchange rates. Science, 296, 2222–5.Google Scholar
McKee, B. D. and Handel, M. A. (1993). Sex chromosomes, recombination, and chromatin conformation. Chromosoma, 102, 7180.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Manterola, M., Page, J., Vasco, C., et al. (2009). A high incidence of meiotic silencing of unsynapsed chromatin is not associated to substantial pachytene loss in heterozygous male mice carrying multiple simple Robertsonian translocations. PLoS Genetics, 5, e1000625.Google Scholar
Matveevsky, S., Bakloushinskaya, I., Tambovtseva, V., Romanenko, S., and Kolomiets, O. (2015). Analysis of meiotic chromosome structure and behavior in Robertsonian heterozygotes of Ellobius tancrei (Rodentia, Cricetidae): a case of monobrachial homology. Comparative Cytogenetics, 9, 691706.Google Scholar
Matveevsky, S. and Kolomiets, O. (2016). Synaptonemal complex configuration in Robertsonian heterozygotes. Tsitologiia, 58, 309–14.Google Scholar
Matveevsky, S. N., Pavlova, S. V., Acaeva, M. M., and Kolomiets, O. L. (2012). Synaptonemal complex analysis of interracial hybrids between the Moscow and Neroosa chromosomal races of the common shrew Sorex araneus showing regular formation of a complex meiotic configuration (ring-of-four). Comparative Cytogenetics, 6, 301–14.Google Scholar
Matveevsky, S. N., Pavlova, S. V., Acaeva, M. M., Searle, J. B., and Kolomiets, O. L. (2017). Dual mechanism of chromatin remodeling in the common shrew sex trivalent (XY1Y2). Comparative Cytogenetics, 11, 727–45.Google Scholar
Medarde, N., Merico, V., López-Fuster, M. J., et al. (2015). Impact of number of Robertsonian chromosomes on germ cell death in wild male house mice. Chromosome Research, 23, 159–69.Google Scholar
Mercer, S. J., Searle, J. B., and Wallace, B. M. N. (1991). Meiotic studies of karyotypically homozygous and heterozygous male common shrews. Mémoires de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 19, 3343.Google Scholar
Mercer, S. J., Wallace, B. M. N., and Searle, J. B. (1992). Male common shrews (Sorex araneus) with long meiotic chain configurations can be fertile: implications for chromosomal models of speciation. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 60 , 6873.Google Scholar
Merico, V., Giménez, M. D., Vasco, C., et al. (2013). Chromosomal speciation in mice: a cytogenetic analysis of recombination. Chromosome Research, 21, 523–33.Google Scholar
Merico, V., Pigozzi, M. I., Esposito, A., Merani, M. S., and Garagna, S. (2003). Meiotic recombination and spermatogenic impairment in Mus domesticus carrying multiple simple Robertsonian translocations. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 103, 321–9.Google Scholar
Minina, J. M., Borodin, P. M., Searle, J. B., Volobouev, V. T., and Zhdanova, N. S. (2007). Standard DAPI karyotype of the common shrew Sorex araneus L. (Soricidae, Eulipotyphla). Russian Journal of Theriology, 6, 36.Google Scholar
Moska, M. (2003). A hybrid zone between the chromosomal races Łęgucki Młyn and Popielno of the common shrew in north-eastern Poland: preliminary results. Acta Theriologica, 48, 441–55.Google Scholar
Nachman, M. W. and Payseur, B. A. (2012). Recombination rate variation and speciation: theoretical predictions and empirical results from rabbits and mice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 367, 409–21.Google Scholar
Narain, Y. and Fredga, K. (1997). Meiosis and fertility in common shrews, Sorex araneus, from a chromosomal hybrid zone in central Sweden. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 78, 253–9.Google Scholar
Narain, Y. and Fredga, K. (1998). Spermatogenesis in common shrews, Sorex araneus, from a hybrid zone with extensive Robertsonian polymorphism. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 80, 158–64.Google Scholar
Navarro, J., Vidal, F., Benet, J., et al. (1991). XY-trivalent association and synaptic anomalies in a male carrier of a Robertsonian t(13;14) translocation. Human Reproduction, 6, 376–81.Google Scholar
Olds-Clarke, P. and Peitz, B. (1985). Fertility of sperm from t/+ mice: evidence that +-bearing sperm are dysfunctional. Genetical Research, 47, 4952.Google Scholar
Otto, S. P. and Lenormand, T. (2002). Resolving the paradox of sex and recombination. Nature Reviews Genetics, 3, 252–61.Google Scholar
Pack, S. D., Borodin, P. M., Serov, O. L., and Searle, J. B. (1993). The X-autosome translocation in the common shrew (Sorex araneus L.): late replication in female somatic cells and pairing in male meiosis. Chromosoma, 102, 355–60.Google Scholar
Pardo-Manuel de Villena, F. and Sapienza, C. (2001a). Recombination is proportional to the number of chromosome arms in mammals. Mammalian Genome, 12, 318–22.Google Scholar
Pardo-Manuel de Villena, F. and Sapienza, C. (2001b). Female meiosis drives karyotypic evolution in mammals. Genetics, 159, 1179–89.Google Scholar
Pathak, S., van Tuinen, P., and Merry, D. E. (1982). Heterochromatin, synaptonemal complex, and NOR activity in the somatic and germ cells of a male domestic dog, Canis familiaris (Mammalia, Canidae). Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 34, 112–18.Google Scholar
Pavlova, S. V. (2013). Cytogenetic analysis of a hybrid zone between the Moscow and Neroosa chromosomal races of the common shrew (Sorex araneus) differing by a single WART-like chromosome rearrangement. Tsitologiya, 55, 271–4.Google Scholar
Pavlova, S. V., Bulatova, N. S., and Shchipanov, N. A. (2007). Cytogenetic control of a hybrid zone between two Sorex araneus chromosome races before breeding season. Russian Journal of Genetics, 43, 1357–63.Google Scholar
Pavlova, S. V., Kolomiets, O. L., Bulatova, N., and Searle, J. B. (2008). Demonstration of a WART in a hybrid zone of the common shrew (Sorex araneus Linnaeus, 1758). Comparative Cytogenetics, 2, 115–20.Google Scholar
Phadnis, N., Hyppa, R.W., and Smith, G.R. (2011). New and old ways to control meiotic recombination. Trends in Genetics, 27, 411–21.Google Scholar
Pfeifer, C., Thomsen, P. D., and Scherthan, H. (2001). Centromere and telomere redistribution precedes homologue pairing and terminal synapsis initiation during prophase I of cattle spermatogenesis. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 93, 304–14.Google Scholar
Plug, A. W., Peters, A. H., Keegan, K. S., et al. (1998). Changes in protein composition of meiotic nodules during mammalian meiosis. Journal of Cell Science, 111, 413–23.Google Scholar
Polyakov, A. V., Panov, V. V., Ladygina, T. Y., et al. (2001). Chromosomal evolution of the common shrew Sorex araneus L. from the southern Urals and Siberia in the postglacial period. Russian Journal of Genetics, 37, 351–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Qumsiyeh, M. B. (1994). Evolution of number and morphology of mammalian chromosomes. Journal of Heredity, 85, 455–65.Google Scholar
Rieseberg, L. H. (2001). Chromosomal rearrangements and speciation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16, 351–8.Google Scholar
Roeder, G. S. and Bailis, J. M. (2000). The pachytene checkpoint. Trends in Genetics, 16, 395403.Google Scholar
Rogacheva, M. V., Manhart, C. M., Chen, C., et al. (2014). Mlh1-Mlh3, a meiotic crossover and DNA mismatch repair factor, is a Msh2-Msh3-stimulated endonuclease. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 289, 5664–73.Google Scholar
Rosenmann, A., Wahrman, J., Richler, C., et al. (1985). Meiotic association between the XY chromosomes and unpaired autosomal elements as a cause of human male sterility. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 39, 1929.Google Scholar
Scherthan, H., Weich, S., Schwegler, H., et al. (1996). Centromere and telomere movements during early meiotic prophase of mouse and man are associated with the onset of chromosome pairing. Journal of Cell Biology, 134, 1109–25.Google Scholar
Schmid, M., Schempp, W., and Olert, J. (1982). Comparative analysis of karyotypes in European shrew species. 2. Constitutive heterochromatin, replication patterns, and sister chromatid exchanges in Sorex araneus and Sorex gemellus. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 34, 124–35.Google Scholar
Sciurano, R., Rahn, M., Rey-Valzacchi, G., and Solari, A. J. (2007). The asynaptic chromatin in spermatocytes of translocation carriers contains the histone variant γ-H2AX and associates with the XY body. Human Reproduction, 22, 142–50.Google Scholar
Searle, A. G., Berry, R. J., and Beechey, C. V. (1970). Cytogenetic radiosensitivity and chiasma frequency in wild-living male mice. Mutation Research, 9, 137–40.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1984). Nondisjunction frequencies in Robertsonian heterozygotes from natural populations of the common shrew, Sorex araneus L. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 35, 265–71.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1986a). Factors responsible for a karyotypic polymorphism in the common shrew, Sorex araneus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 229, 277–98.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1986b). Meiotic studies of Robertsonian heterozygotes from natural populations of the common shrew, Sorex araneus L. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 41, 154–62.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1986c). Preferential transmission in wild common shrews (Sorex araneus), heterozygous for Robertsonian rearrangements. Genetical Research, 47, 147–8.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1988). Karyotypic variation and evolution in the common shrew, Sorex araneus. In Kew Chromosome Conference III, ed. Brandham, P. E.. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO), pp. 97107.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1990). A cytogenetic analysis of reproduction in common shrews (Sorex araneus) from a karyotypic hybrid zone. Hereditas, 113, 121–32.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. (1993). Chromosomal hybrid zones in eutherian mammals. In Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process, ed. Harrison, R.G.. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 309–53.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B., Fedyk, S., Fredga, K., Hausser, J., and Volobouev, V. T. (1991). Nomenclature for the chromosomes of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Mémoires de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 19, 1322.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. and Wilkinson, P. J. (1986). The XYY condition in a wild mammal: an XY/XYY mosaic common shrew (Sorex araneus). Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 41, 225–33.Google Scholar
Searle, J. B. and Wójcik, J. M. (1998). Chromosomal evolution: the case of Sorex araneus. In Evolution of Shrews, ed. Wójcik, J. M. and Wolsan, M.. Białowieża: Mammal Research Institute, pp. 221–68.Google Scholar
Segura, J., Ferretti, L., Ramos-Onsins, S., et al. (2013). Evolution of recombination in eutherian mammals: insights into mechanisms that affect recombination rates and crossover interference. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280, 20131945.Google Scholar
Stack, S. M. and Anderson, L. K. (2001). A model for chromosome structure during the mitotic and meiotic cell cycles. Chromosome Research, 9, 175–98.Google Scholar
Sun, F., Oliver-Bonet, M., Liehr, T., et al. (2006). Variation in MLH1 distribution in recombination maps for individual chromosomes from human males. Human Molecular Genetics, 15, 2376–91.Google Scholar
Sun, F., Trpkov, K., Rademaker, A., Ko, E., and Martin, R. H. (2005). Variation in meiotic recombination frequencies among human males. Human Genetics, 116, 172–8.Google Scholar
Tarkowski, A. K. (1957). Studies on reproduction and prenatal mortality of the common shrew (Sorex araneus L). Part II. Reproduction under natural conditions. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska C, 10, 177231.Google Scholar
Tung, K. S., Hong, E. J., and Roeder, G. S. (2000). The pachytene checkpoint prevents accumulation and phosphorylation of the meiosis-specific transcription factor Ndt80. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 97, 12187–92.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Turner, J. M. A., Mahadevaiah, S. K., Ellis, P. J. I., Mitchell, M. J., and Burgoyne, P. S. (2006). Pachytene asynapsis drives meiotic sex chromosome inactivation and leads to substantial postmeiotic repression in spermatids. Developmental Cell, 10, 521–9.Google Scholar
Van Assche, E., Bonduelle, M., Tournaye, H., et al. (1996). Cytogenetics of infertile men. Human Reproduction, 11 (Suppl. 4), 124; discussion 25–6.Google Scholar
Vinogradov, A. E. (1998). Genome size and GC-percent in vertebrates as determined by flow cytometry: the triangular relationship. Cytometry, 31, 100–9.Google Scholar
Vozdova, H., Sebestova, H., Kubickova, S., et al. (2013). A comparative study of meiotic recombination in cattle (Bos taurus) and three wildebeest species (Connochaetes gnou, C. taurinus taurinus and C. t. albojubatus). Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 140, 3645.Google Scholar
Wallace, B. M. N. (1996). A pachytene karyotype of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Hereditas, 125, 219–23.Google Scholar
Wallace, B. M. N. and Searle, J. B. (1990). Synaptonemal complex studies of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). Comparison of Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes by light microscopy. Heredity, 65, 359–67.Google Scholar
Wallace, B. M. N. and Searle, J. B. (1994). Oogenesis in homozygotes and heterozygotes for Robertsonian rearrangements from natural populations of the common shrew, Sorex araneus. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 100, 231–7.Google Scholar
Wallace, B. M. N., Searle, J. B., and Everett, C. A. (1992). Male meiosis and gametogenesis in wild house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) from a chromosomal hybrid zone; a comparison between “simple” Robertsonian heterozygotes and homozygotes. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 61, 211–20.Google Scholar
Watanabe, Y. (2012). Geometry and force behind kinetochore orientation: lessons from meiosis. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 13, 370–82.Google Scholar
Wójcik, J. M. and Searle, J. B. (1988). The chromosome complement of Sorex granarius – the ancestral karyotype of the common shrew (Sorex araneus)? Heredity, 61, 225–9.Google Scholar
Wu, T. C. and Lichten, M. (1994). Meiosis-induced double-strand break sites determined by yeast chromatin structure. Science, 263, 515–18.Google Scholar
Wyttenbach, A., Borodin, P., and Hausser, J. (1998). Meiotic drive favors Robertsonian metacentric chromosomes in the common shrew (Sorex araneus, Insectivora, Mammalia). Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 83, 199206.Google Scholar
Yang, Q., Zhang, D., Leng, M., et al. (2011). Synapsis and meiotic recombination in male Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi). PLoS One, 6, e19255.Google Scholar
Zickler, D. and Kleckner, N. (1999). Meiotic chromosomes: integrating structure and function. Annual Review of Genetics, 33, 603754.Google Scholar
Zima, J., Macholán, M., Filippucci, M. G., et al. (1994). Karyotypic and biochemical status of certain marginal populations of Sorex araneus. Folia Zoologica, 43 (Suppl. 1), 4351.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×