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The Cambridge Companion to the Musical
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Book description

The expanded and updated third edition of this acclaimed Companion provides an accessible, broadly based survey of one of the liveliest and most popular forms of musical performance. It ranges from the American musical of the nineteenth century to the most recent productions on Broadway, in London's West End, and many other venues, and includes key information on singers, audiences, critical reception, and traditions. Contributors approach the subject from a wide variety of perspectives, including historical concerns, artistic aspects, important trends, attention to various genres, the importance of stars, the influence of race, the various disciplines of theatrical production, the musical in varied media, and changes in technology. Chapters related to the contemporary musical have been updated, and two new chapters cover the television musical and the British musical since 1970. Carefully organised and highly readable, it will be welcomed by enthusiasts, students, and scholars alike.

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Contents


Page 1 of 2


  • 2 - American Musical Theatre before the Twentieth Century
    pp 19-20
  • 18 - New Horizons: The Musical at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century
    pp 339-355

Page 1 of 2


Adler, Jacob, A Life on the Stage, translated and edited by Rosenfeld, Lulla (New York, 1999).
Allen, Frederick Lewis, Only Yesterday (New York, 1931).
Allen, Frederick Lewis, Since Yesterday (New York, 1940).
Alpert, Hollis, The Life and Times of ‘Porgy and Bess’: The Story of an American Classic (New York, 1990).
Alpert, Hollis, Broadway! 125 Years of Musical Theatre (New York, 1991).
Altman, Rick, The American Film Musical (Bloomington, 1987).
Asch, Amy (ed.), The Complete Lyrics of Oscar Hammerstein II (New York, 2008).
Aumack, Sheryl, Song and Dance: An Encylopedia of Musicals (Newport Beach, CA, 1990).
Bach, Steven, Dazzler: The Life and Times of Moss Hart (New York, 2001).
Bailey, Peter (ed.), Music Hall: The Business of Pleasure (Milton Keynes and Philadelphia, 1986).
Banfield, Stephen, Sondheim’s Broadway Musicals (Ann Arbor, MI, 1993).
Banfield, Stephen, ‘Sondheim and the Art that Has No Name’, in Approaches to the American Musical, ed. Lawson-Peebles, Robert (Exeter, 1996), pp. 137–60.
Banfield, Stephen, ‘Popular Song and Popular Music on Stage and Film’, in The Cambridge History of American Music, ed. Nicholls, David (Cambridge, 1998), pp. 309–44.
Banfield, Stephen, ‘Stage and Screen Entertainers in the Twentieth Century’, in The Cambridge Companion to Singing, ed. Potter, John (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 6382.
Banfield, Stephen, ‘Scholarship and the Musical: Reclaiming Jerome Kern’, Proceedings of the British Academy, 125 (2003), pp. 183210.
Banfield, Stephen, Jerome Kern (New Haven, 2006).
Barrett, Mary Ellin, Irving Berlin: A Daughter’s Memoir (New York, 1994).
Barrios, Richard, A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film (New York, 1995, 2009).
Baxter, Joan, Television Musicals: Plots, Critiques, Casts, and Credits for 222 Shows Written for and Presented on Television, 1944–1996 (Jefferson, NC, 1997).
Benjamin, Ruth, and Rosenblatt, Arthur, Movie Song Catalog: Performers and Supporting Crew for the Songs Sung in 1460 Musical and Nonmusical Films, 1928–1988 (Jefferson, NC, 1993).
Bennett, Robert Russell, ‘The Broadway Sound’: The Autobiography and Selected Essays of Robert Russell Bennett, ed. Ferencz, George J. (Rochester, NY, 1999).
Bergreen, Laurence, As Thousands Cheer: The Life of Irving Berlin (New York, 1990).
Bernheim, Alfred L., The Business of the Theatre: An Economic History of the American Theatre, 1750–1932 (New York, 1932).
Bezembinder, Maxim, De musical: het boek (The Hague, 2010).
Bierley, Paul, The Works of John Philip Sousa (Columbus, OH, 1984).
Block, Geoffrey, ‘The Broadway Canon from Show Boat to West Side Story and the European Operatic Ideal’, Journal of Musicology, 11/4 (1993), pp. 525–44.
Block, Geoffrey, Enchanted Evenings: The Broadway Musical from ‘Show Boat’ to Sondheim (New York and Oxford, 1997).
Block, Geoffrey, Enchanted Evenings: The Broadway Musical from ‘Show Boat’ to Sondheim and Lloyd Webber (New York and Oxford, 2009).
Block, Geoffrey, The Richard Rodgers Reader (New York and Oxford, 2002).
Block, Geoffrey, Richard Rodgers (New Haven, 2003).
Block, Geoffrey, ‘Musical theater, 1. Overview’, ‘1930–50’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Bloom, Ken, Hollywood Song: The Complete Film and Musical Companion, 3 vols (New York, 1995).
Bloom, Ken, American Song: The Complete Musical Theatre Companion, 2nd edn, 4 vols (New York, 1996).
Bloom, Ken, Routledge Guide to Broadway (New York, 2006).
Bordman, Gerald, American Musical Theatre: A Chronicle (New York, 1978), 2nd edn (New York and Oxford, 1992), 3rd edn (New York and Oxford, 2001), 4th edn, with updates by Richard Norton (New York and Oxford, 2011).
Bordman, Gerald, Jerome Kern: His Life and Music (New York and Oxford, 1980).
Bordman, Gerald, American Operetta: From ‘H. M. S. Pinafore’ to ‘Sweeney Todd’ (New York and Oxford, 1981).
Bordman, Gerald, American Musical Comedy: From ‘Adonis’ to ‘Dreamgirls’ (New York and Oxford, 1982).
Bordman, Gerald, Days to Be Happy, Years to Be Sad: The Life and Music of Vincent Youmans (New York and Oxford, 1982).
Bordman, Gerald, American Musical Revue: From ‘The Passing Show’ to ‘Sugar Babies’ (New York and Oxford, 1985).
Borroff, Edith, ‘Origin of Species: Conflicting Views of American Musical Theatre History’, American Music, 2/4 (1984), pp. 101–11.
Bourne, Stephen, Ethel Waters: Stormy Weather (Lanham, MD, 2007).
Bradley, Edwin M., The First Hollywood Musicals: A Critical Filmography of 171 Features, 1927 through 1932 (Jefferson, NC, 1996).
Bradley, Ian, You’ve Got to Have a Dream: The Message of the Musical (Louisville, KY, 2005).
Bristow, Eugene K., and Butler, J. Kevin, ‘Company, About Face! The Show that Revolutionized the American Musical’, American Music, 5/3 (1987), pp. 241–54.
Brockett, Oscar G., History of the Theatre, 4th edn (Boston, 1986).
Brooks, Mel, and Meehan, Tom, The Producers (New York, 2001).
Brooks, William, ‘Good Musical Paste: Getting the Acts Together in the Eighteenth Century’, in Musical Theatre in America: Papers and Proceedings of the Conference on the Musical Theatre in America, ed. Loney, Glenn (Westport, CT, 1984), pp. 3758.
Brooks, William, ‘Pocahontas, Her Life and Times’, American Music, 2/4 (1984), pp. 1948.
Brown, Jared, Moss Hart: A Prince of the Theatre (New York, 2006).
Brown, T. Allston, A History of the New York Stage, 3 vols (New York, 1903).
Bowers, Dwight Blocker, American Musical Theater: Shows, Songs, and Stars (Washington, DC, 1989).
Burton, Humphrey, Leonard Bernstein (New York, 1994).
Carnovale, Norbert, George Gershwin: A Bio-Bibliography (Westport, CT, 2000).
Carter, Tim, ‘Oklahoma!’: The Making of an American Musical (New Haven and London, 2007).
Chevalley, Sylvie, ‘La Première Saison théâtrale française de New York’, The French Review, 24/6 (1951), pp. 471–79.
Citron, Stephen, The Musical from the Inside Out (Chicago, 1992).
Citron, Stephen, Noel and Cole: The Sophisticates (New York and Oxford, 1993).
Citron, Stephen, The Wordsmiths: Oscar Hammerstein 2nd and Alan Jay Lerner (New York and Oxford, 1995).
Citron, Stephen, Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: The New Musical (New York and Oxford, 2001).
Clum, John M., Something for the Boys: Musical Theater and Gay Culture (New York, 1999).
Cockrell, Dale, Demons of Disorder: Early Blackface Minstrels and Their World (Cambridge, 1997).
Cockrell, Dale, ‘Nineteenth-Century Popular Music’, in The Cambridge History of American Music, ed. Nicholls, David (Cambridge, 1998), pp. 158–85.
Comden, Betty, Off Stage (New York, 1995).
Croce, Arlene, The Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers Book (New York, 1972).
Cullen, Frank, Vaudeville, Old and New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers, 2 vols (New York, 2006).
Davis, Lee, Scandals and Follies: The Rise and Fall of the Great Broadway Revue (New York, 2000).
Day, Barry (ed.), The Complete Lyrics of P. G. Wodehouse (Lanham, MD, 2004).
Decker, Todd, ‘Show Boat’: Performing Race in an American Musical (New York, 2013).
Decker, Todd, ‘Musical theater, 6. 1918–30’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
De Giere, Carol, Defying Gravity: The Creative Career of Stephen Schwartz from ‘Godspell’ to ‘Wicked’ (New York, 2008).
Dickinson, Peter, Marigold: The Music of Billy Mayerl (Oxford and New York, 1999).
Djedje, Jacqueline Cogdell, ‘African American Music to 1900’, in The Cambridge History of American Music, ed. Nicholls, David (Cambridge, 1998), pp. 103–34.
Dyer, Richard, Heavenly Bodies: Film Stars and Society (Basingstoke, 1986).
Eisler, Garrett, ‘Musical theater, 10. Since 2000’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Engel, Lehman, The American Musical Theater: A Consideration (New York, 1967).
Engel, Lehman, Words with Music: The Broadway Musical Libretto (New York, 1972).
Engle, Ron, and Miller, Tice C. (eds), The American Stage: Social and Economic Issues from the Colonial Period to the Present (Cambridge, 1993).
Everett, William A., ‘Golden Days in Old Heidelberg: The First-Act Finale of Romberg’s The Student Prince’, American Music, 12/3 (1994), pp. 255–82.
Everett, William A., ‘Sigmund Romberg and the American Operetta of the 1920s’, Arti musices, 26/1 (1995), pp. 4964.
Everett, William A., ‘King Arthur in Popular Musical Theatre and Musical Film’, in King Arthur in Music, ed. Barber, Richard W. (Woodbridge and Rochester, NY, 2002).
Everett, William A., The Musical: A Research and Information Guide (New York, 2004, 2011).
Everett, William A., Sigmund Romberg (New Haven, 2007).
Everett, William A., Rudolf Friml (Urbana, IL, 2008).
Everett, William A., and Laird, Paul R., Historical Dictionary of the Broadway Musical (Lanham, MD, 2008, 2016).
Ewen, David, New Complete Book of the American Musical Theater (New York, 1958, 1970).
Farneth, David, with Juchem, Elmar and Stein, Dave, Kurt Weill: A Life in Pictures and Documents (Woodstock, NY and London, 2000).
Fehr, Richard, and Vogel, Frederick G., Lullabies of Hollywood: Movie Music and the Movie Musical, 1915–1992 (Jefferson, NC, 1993).
Feuer, Jane, ‘The Theme of Popular vs. Elite Art in the Hollywood Musical’, Journal of Popular Culture, 12/3 (1978), pp. 491–99.
Feuer, Jane, The Hollywood Musical, 2nd edn (Bloomington, 1993).
Fields, Armond, and Fields, L. Marc, From the Bowery to Broadway: Lew Fields and the Roots of American Popular Theater (New York and Oxford, 1993).
Filichia, Peter, Strippers, Showgirls, and Sharks: A Very Opinionated History of the Broadway Musicals That Did Not Win the Tony Award (New York, 2013).
Finson, Jon W. (ed.), Edward Harrigan and David Braham: Collected Songs (Madison, 1997).
Flinn, Caryl, Brass Diva: The Life and Legends of Ethel Merman (Berkeley, 2007).
Flinn, Denny Martin, Musical!: A Grand Tour (New York, 1997).
Fordin, Hugh, Getting to Know Him: A Biography of Oscar Hammerstein II (New York, 1977, 1995).
Forte, Allen, The American Popular Ballad of the Golden Era: 1924–1950 (Princeton, 1995).
Forte, Allen, Listening to Classic American Popular Songs (New Haven and London, 2001).
Franceschina, John, Harry B. Smith: Dean of American Librettists (New York, 2003).
Frankel, Lou, ‘The Boys from Boise’, Billboard (7 October 1944), p. 10.
Furia, Philip, The Poets of Tin Pan Alley: A History of America’s Great Lyricists (New York and Oxford, 1990).
Furia, Philip, Ira Gershwin: The Art of the Lyricist (New York, 1996).
Furia, Philip, Skylark: The Life and Times of Johnny Mercer (New York, 2003).
Furia, Philip, with the assistance of Wood, Graham, songography by Bloom, Ken, Irving Berlin: A Life in Song (New York, 1998).
Furia, Philip, and Lasser, Michael, America’s Songs: The Stories Behind the Songs of Broadway, Hollywood, and Tin Pan Alley (New York, 2006).
Gänzl, Kurt, The British Musical Theatre, 2 vols (London, 1986).
Gänzl, Kurt, Song and Dance: The Complete Story of Stage Musicals (London, 1995).
Gänzl, Kurt, The Musical: A Concise History (Boston, 1997).
Gänzl, Kurt, The Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre, 2nd edn, 3 vols (New York, 2000).
Garebian, Keith, The Making of ‘West Side Story’ (Toronto, 1995).
Garebian, Keith, The Making of ‘Gypsy’ (Oakville and Buffalo, 1998).
Gershwin, Ira, Lyrics on Several Occasions (New York, 1959).
Giel, Kate (ed.), Rent: Book, Music and Lyrics by Jonathan Larson, interview and text by McDonnell, Evelyn with Silberger, Katherine (New York, 1997).
Gilbert, Stephen, The Music of Gershwin (New Haven, 1995).
Goldstein, Malcolm, The Political Stage: American Drama and Theater of the Great Depression (New York and Oxford, 1974).
Goldstein, Malcolm, George S. Kaufman: His Life, His Theater (New York and Oxford, 1979).
Goodhart, Sandor (ed.), Reading Stephen Sondheim: A Collection of Critical Essays (New York, 2000).
Gordon, Eric A., Mark the Music: The Life and Work of Marc Blitzstein (New York, 1989).
Gordon, Joanne, Art Isn’t Easy: The Achievement of Stephen Sondheim (Carbondale, IL, 1990).
Gordon, Joanne, Art Isn’t Easy: The Theatre of Stephen Sondheim (New York, 1992).
Gordon, Robert (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Sondheim Studies (New York, 2014).
Gottfried, Martin, Broadway Musicals (New York, 1979).
Gottfried, Martin, More Broadway Musicals: Since 1980 (New York, 1991).
Gottfried, Martin, Sondheim (New York, 1993).
Gottlieb, Jack, Funny, It Doesn’t Sound Jewish: How Yiddish Songs and Synagogue Melodies Influenced Tin Pan Alley, Broadway, and Hollywood (Albany, NY, 2004).
Gould, Neil, Victor Herbert: A Theatrical Life (New York, 2008).
Graham, Sandra Jean, ‘Musical theater, 4. 1860–1900’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Graziano, John, ‘Sentimental Songs, Rags, and Transformations: The Emergence of the Black Musical, 1895–1910’, in Musical Theatre in America: Papers and Proceedings of the Conference on the Musical Theatre in America, ed. Loney, Glenn (Westport, CT, 1984), pp. 211–32.
Graziano, John, ‘Black Musical Theater and the Harlem Renaissance Movement’, in Black Music in the Harlem Renaissance: A Collection of Essays, ed. Floyd, Samuel A. Jr (Westport, CT, 1990), pp. 87110.
Graziano, John, ‘The Early Life and Career of the ‘Black Patti’: The Odyssey of an African American Singer in the Late Nineteenth Century’, Journal of the American Musicological Society, 53/3 (2000), pp. 543–96.
Graziano, John (ed.), European Music and Musicians in New York City, 1840–1900 (Rochester, NY, 2006).
Green, Stanley, The Rodgers and Hammerstein Story (New York, 1963).
Green, Stanley, Broadway Musicals of the 30s (New York, 1971).
Green, Stanley, The World of Musical Comedy, 4th edn (London, 1980).
Green, Stanley, Encyclopedia of the Musical Film (New York, 1981).
Green, Stanley, Hollywood Musicals Year by Year (Milwaukee, 1990).
Green, Stanley (ed.), Rodgers and Hammerstein Fact Book (New York, 1980).
Green, Stanley, rev. and updated by Ginell, Cary, Broadway Musicals Show by Show, 8th edn (Milwaukee, 2014).
Greenspan, Charlotte, Pick Yourself Up: Dorothy Fields and the American Musical (New York, 2010).
Grimsted, David, Melodrama Unveiled: American Theater and Culture, 1800–1850 (Chicago, 1968).
Grubb, Kevin Boyd, Razzle Dazzle: The Life and Works of Bob Fosse (New York, 1989).
Hamm, Charles, Yesterdays: Popular Song in America (New York, 1979).
Hamm, Charles, ‘The Theatre Guild Production of Porgy and Bess’, Journal of the American Musicological Society, 40/3 (1987), pp. 495532.
Hamm, Charles, Irving Berlin: Songs from the Melting Pot: The Formative Years, 1907–1914 (New York and Oxford, 1997).
Happy Talk: News of the Rodgers and Hammerstein Foundation, 1993–.
Hart, Dorothy, and Kimball, Robert (eds), The Complete Lyrics of Lorenz Hart (New York, 1986).
Hecht, Stuart, Transposing Broadway: Jews, Assimilation, and the American Musical (New York, 2011).
Hemming, Roy, The Melody Lingers On: The Great Songwriters and Their Movie Musicals (New York, 1986).
Henderson, Amy, and Bowers, Dwight Blocker, Red Hot and Blue: A Smithsonian Salute to the American Musical (Washington, DC and London, 1986).
Herman, Jerry, with Stasio, Marilyn, Showtune: A Memoir (New York, 1996).
Heskes, Irene, ‘Music as Social History: American Yiddish Theatre Music, 1882–1920’, American Music 2/1 (1984), pp. 7387.
Hill, Errol, ‘The Hyers Sisters: Pioneers in Black Musical Comedy’, in The American Stage: Social and Economic Issues from the Colonial Period to the Present, eds Engle, Ron and Miller, Tice L. (Cambridge and New York, 1993), pp. 115–30.
Hinton, Stephen, Weill’s Musical Theater: Stages of Reform (Berkeley, 2012).
Hirsch, Foster, Hal Prince and the American Musical Theatre (Cambridge and New York, 1989).
Hirsch, Foster, The Boys from Syracuse: The Shuberts’ Theatrical Empire (Carbondale, IL, 1998).
Hirsch, Foster, Kurt Weill on Stage: From Berlin to Broadway (New York, 2002).
Hirschhorn, Clive, The Hollywood Musical (New York, 1981).
Hischak, Thomas S., Say It with Music: An Encyclopedic Guide to the American Musical Theatre (Westport, CT, 1993).
Hischak, Thomas S., Film It with Music: An Encyclopedic Guide to the American Movie Musical (Westport, CT and London, 2001).
Hischak, Thomas S., Through the Screen Door: What Happened to the Broadway Musical When It Went to Hollywood (Lanham, MD, 2004).
Hischak, Thomas S., The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television (Oxford and New York, 2008).
Hischak, Thomas S., The Jerome Kern Encyclopedia (Lanham, MD, 2013).
Hitchcock, H. Wiley, ‘An Early American Melodrama: The Indian Princess of J. N. Barker and John Bray’, MLA Notes, 12/3 (1955), pp. 375–88.
Hoare, Philip, Noël Coward: A Biography (London, 1995).
Hoffman, Warren, The Great White Way: Race and the Broadway Musical (New Brunswick, NJ, 2014).
Hoover, Cynthia Adams, ‘Music in Eighteenth-Century American Theater’, American Music, 2/4 (1984), pp. 618.
Horn, Barbara Lee, The Age of ‘Hair’: Evolution and Impact of Broadway’s First Rock Musical (New York and Westport, CT, 1991).
Horowitz, Mark Eden, Sondheim on Music: Minor Details and Major Decisions (Lanham, MD, 2003, 2010).
Hummel, David, The Collector’s Guide to the American Musical Theatre, 2nd edn (Grawn, MI, 1978).
Hurwitz, Nathan, A History of the American Musical Theatre: No Business Like It (New York, 2014).
Hyland, William G., The Song Is Ended: Songwriters and American Music, 1900–1950 (New York and Oxford, 1995).
Hyland, William G., Richard Rodgers (New Haven, 1998).
Ilson, Carol, Harold Prince: From ‘Pajama Game’ to ‘Phantom of the Opera’ (Ann Arbor, MI, 1989).
Jablonski, Edward, Gershwin: A Biography (New York, 1987).
Jablonski, Edward, Harold Arlen: Rhythm, Rainbows, and Blues (Boston, 1996).
Jablonski, Edward, Irving Berlin: American Troubadour (New York, 1999).
Jackson, Arthur, The Best Musicals from ‘Show Boat’ to ‘A Chorus Line’: Broadway, Off-Broadway, London (New York, 1977).
Jansen, Wolfgang, Cats & Co: Geschichte des Musicals im deutschsprachigen Theater (Berlin, 2008).
Jessel, George, A Pictorial History of Vaudeville (New York, 1961).
Jéléry, Jean-Luc, Le musical: propos sur un art total (Essonne, 2011).
Jones, John Bush, Our Musicals, Ourselves: A Social History of the American Musical (Hanover, NH, 2003).
Jones, Tom, Making Musicals: An Informal Introduction to the World of Musical Theatre (New York, 1998).
Kander, John, and Ebb, Fred, as told to Lawrence, Greg, Colored Lights: Forty Years of Words and Music, Show Biz, Collaboration and All That Jazz (New York, 2003).
Kanellos, Nicolás, A History of Hispanic Theatre in the United States: Origins to 1940 (Austin, TX, 1990).
Kantor, Michael, and Maslon, Laurence, Broadway: The American Musical, based on the documentary film by Kantor, Michael (New York, 2004, updated and revised edition, New York, 2010).
Kaplan, Joel H., ‘Introduction’, in The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on Performance and the Stage, eds Booth, Michael R. and Kaplan, Joel H. (Cambridge, 1996).
Kaufman, Gerald, Meet Me in St. Louis (London, 1994).
Keller, Kate Van Winkle, ‘Musical theater, 2. Before 1825’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Kennedy, Michael Patrick, and Muir, John, Musicals (Glasgow, 1997).
Kenrick, John, Musical Theatre: A History (New York, 2008).
Kilroy, David Michael, ‘Kurt Weill on Broadway: The Postwar Years (1945–1950)’, PhD diss., Harvard University, 1992.
Kimball, Robert (ed.), The Complete Lyrics of Cole Porter (New York, 1984).
Kimball, Robert (ed.), The Complete Lyrics of Ira Gershwin (New York, 1993).
Kirle, Bruce, Unfinished Business: Broadway Musicals as Works-in-Progress (Carbondale, IL, 2005).
Kislan, Richard, The Musical: A Look at the American Theater (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1980).
Kmen, Henry, Music in New Orleans: The Formative Years, 1791–1841 (Baton Rouge, LA, 1966).
Knapp, Raymond, The American Musical and the Formation of National Identity (Princeton, 2005).
Knapp, Raymond, The American Musical and the Performance of Personal Identity (Princeton, 2006).
Knapp, Raymond, Morris, Mitchell, and Wolf, Stacy (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the American Musical (New York, 2011).
Koegel, John, ‘Adolf Philipp and Musical Comedy on the German-American Stage in New York, 1890–1918’, American Music 24/3 (2006), pp. 267319.
Koegel, John, Music in German Immigrant Theater: New York City, 1840–1940 (Rochester, NY, 2009).
Koegel, John, ‘Musical theater, 11. Ethnic musical theater’, ’13. German American musical theater’, ’14. Mexican American musical theater’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Kowalke, Kim, ‘The Threepenny Opera in America’, in Kurt Weill: The Threepenny Opera, ed. Hinton, Stephen (Cambridge, 1990), pp. 78120.
Kowalke, Kim, ‘Formerly German: Kurt Weill in America’, in A Stranger Here Myself: Kurt Weill Studien, eds Kowalke, Kim and Edler, Horst (Hildesheim, 1993), pp. 3557.
Kowalke, Kim, ‘Kurt Weill, Modernism, and Popular Culture: Öffentlichkeit als Stil’, Modernism/Modernity, 2/1 (1995), pp. 2769.
Kowalke, Kim H. (ed.), A New Orpheus: Essays on Kurt Weill (New Haven, 1986).
Kowalke, Kim H., and Edler, Horst (eds), A Stranger Here Myself: Kurt Weill Studien (Hildesheim, 1993).
Krasker, Tommy, Catalog of the American Musical (Washington, DC, 1988).
Krasker, Tommy, Notes to Fifty Million Frenchmen, New World Records 80417–2 (1991), pp. 1117.
Krasker, Tommy, ‘What Price Cheese?’ and ‘Two Strikes, Two Hits, and One Man Out’, notes to Strike Up the Band, Elektra Nonesuch 79273–2 (1991), pp. 1722 and 3741.
Krasker, Tommy, ‘A Wonderful Party: Lady, Be Good!’, notes to Lady, Be Good!, Elektra Nonesuch 79308–2 (1992), pp. 1519.
Krasker, Tommy, ‘Pardon My English: A Tale of Two Psyches’, notes to Pardon My English, Elektra Nonesuch 79338–2 (1994), pp. 1116.
Krasker, Tommy, ‘It’s Been Fun, But I Gotta Rumrun’, notes to Oh, Kay!, Nonesuch 79361–2 (1995), pp. 1923.
Krasner, Orly Leah, ‘Reginald de Koven (1859–1920) and American Comic Opera at the Turn of the Century’, PhD diss., City University of New York, 1995.
Krasner, Orly Leah, ‘Wien, Women and Song: The Merry Widow in New York’, Sonneck Society Bulletin, 22/1 (1996), pp. 1, 811.
Krasner, Orly Leah, ‘Musical theater, 5. 1900–18’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Kreuger, Miles, Show Boat: The Story of a Classic American Musical (New York and Oxford, 1977).
Kreuger, Miles, ‘Some Words about Anything Goes’, notes to Anything Goes, EMI/Angel CDC 7–49848-2 (1989), pp. 917.
Kreuger, Miles, ‘Some Words about Girl Crazy’, notes to Girl Crazy, Elektra Nonesuch 75559–79250-2 (1990), pp. 1524.
Laird, Paul R., Leonard Bernstein: A Guide to Research (New York, 2002), 2nd edn, with Lin, Hsun (New York, 2015).
Laird, Paul R., ‘Wicked’: A Musical Biography (Lanham, MD, 2011).
Laird, Paul R., ‘Musical theater, 8. 1950–75’, in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edn, ed. Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (New York, 2013).
Laird, Paul R., The Musical Theater of Stephen Schwartz: From ‘Godspell’ to ‘Wicked’ and Beyond (Lanham, MD, 2014).
Lamb, Andrew, Jerome Kern in Edwardian London (New York, 1985).
Lamb, Andrew, 150 Years of Popular Musical Theatre (New Haven and London, 2000).
Lambert, Philip, To Broadway, To Life! The Musical Theater of Bock and Harnick (New York, 2011).
Larkin, Colin (ed.), The Guinness Who’s Who of Stage Musicals (Enfield, 1994).
Laufe, Abe, Broadway’s Greatest Musicals (New York, 1973).
Laurents, Arthur, Original Story by Arthur Laurents: A Memoir of Broadway and Hollywood (New York, 2000).
Lawrence, Greg, Dance with Demons: The Life of Jerome Robbins (New York, 2001).
Lawson-Peebles, Robert (ed.), Approaches to the American Musical (Exeter, 1996).
Lee, Joanna, Harsh, Edward, and Kowalke, Kim (eds), ‘Street Scene’: A Sourcebook, 2nd edn (New York, 1996).
Lerner, Alan Jay, The Street Where I Live (New York and London, 1978).
Lerner, Alan Jay, The Musical Theatre: A Celebration (New York, 1986).
Lerner, Alan Jay, A Lyricist’s Letters, ed. with commentary by McHugh, Dominic (New York, 2014).
Leve, James, Kander and Ebb (New Haven, 2009).
Leve, James, American Musical Theater (New York, 2015).
Levine, Lawrence W., Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America (Cambridge, MA, 1988).
Lifson, David S., The Yiddish Theatre in America (New York, 1965).
Londré, Felicia Hardison, and Watermeier, Daniel J., The History of North American Theater: The United States, Canada and Mexico: From Pre-Columbian Times to the Present (New York and London, 2000).
Loney, Glenn (ed.), Musical Theatre in America: Papers and Proceedings of the Conference on the Musical Theatre in America (Westport, CT, 1984).
Lott, Eric, Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class (New York, 1993).
Lovensheimer, Jim, ‘South Pacific’: Paradise Rewritten (New York, 2010).
Lundskaer-Nielsen, Miranda, Directors and the New Musical Drama: British and American Musical Theatre in the 1980s and 90s (Houndmills, Basingstoke and New York, 2008).
Magee, Jeffrey, ‘Irving Berlin’s ‘Blue Skies’: Ethnic Affiliations and Musical Transformations’, Musical Quarterly 84/4 (2000), pp. 537–80.
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Magee, Jeffrey, Irving Berlin’s American Musical Theater (New York, 2012).
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