1987. Measurement problems of the service sector. Business Economics 22: 32–6.
1965. The Poor and the Poorest. and
1986. Catching up, forging ahead and falling behind. Journal of Economic History 44: 385–406.
1996. Convergence and delayed catch-up: productivity leadership and the waning of American exceptionalism. In et al. 1996. and
1998. Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health.
2001. Barclays: the Business of Banking 1690–1996. Cambridge. and
1956. Management Succession.
2001. Updating the determinants of firm performance: estimation using the 1998 UK WERS. British Journal of Industrial Relations 39: 3. and
1994. The Road to 1945.
1989. The Motor Makers: the Turbulent History of Britain’s Car Industry.
1998. Endogenous Growth Theory. Cambridge, MA. and
1980. British Attitudes to engineering education: a historical perspective. In 1980.
1992. Education, Training and Economic Performance, 1944–1990. Manchester.
1979. Office Location and Public Policy.
1952. The effects of devaluation on a trade balance. IMF Staff Papers 2: 263–78.
1988. British Economic Performance, 1945–1975.
1951. The concentration of production policy. In 1951.
1979. British Industry and Economic Policy.
1946. Mutual aid between the US and the British Empire, 1941–1945. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 109: 243–71.
1985. Demand management in practice. In 1985. and
1949. Steel Founding.
1950. Superphosphate and Compound Fertilisers.
1952. Iron and Steel.
1953. Heavy Chemicals.
1988. World textile trade and production trends. Special Report No. 1108, Economist Intelligence Unit, London. and
1997. Markets, Unemployment and Economic Policy., and , eds.
1996. Sectoral growth accounting and structural change in post-War Europe. In and 1996.
1992. Comparative productivity in British and American manufacturing. National Institute Economic Review 142: 63–74.
1996. Quantitative Aspects of Europe’s Postwar Growth. Cambridge. and , eds.
2000. Regional Economics and Policy, 3rd edn. Oxford. and
1970. Four Hundred Years of English Education. Cambridge.
1962. The economic implications of learning-by-doing. Review of Economic Studies 29: 155–73.
1989. Competing technologies, increasing returns and lock-in by historical events. Economic Journal 99: 116–31.
1991. Labour’s Economic Policies, 1974–79. Manchester. and , eds.
1978. Monetary policy, part II. In 1978.
1976. The demand for money in the United Kingdom 1963–1973. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies 44: 147–81. and
1989. The demand for industrial development certificates and the effect of regional policy. Regional Studies 23, 4: 301–14. and
1986. The History of the British Coal Industry, V, The Nationalised Industry, 1946–1982. Oxford.
1996. Incomes and the Welfare State. Cambridge.
2001: Top incomes in the United Kingdom over the twentieth century. Mimeo, Nuffield College, Oxford.
1998. Computing inequality: have computers changed the labour market?Quarterly Journal of Economics 113, 4: 1169–213., and
1962. Behavior of the firm under regulatory constraint. American Economic Review 52: 1052–69. and
1988. Privatisation of the British Steel Coproration. Fiscal Studies 9: 1–25.
1976. Britain’s Economic Problems: Too Few Producers. and
1993. Competition, regulation and efficiency in service industries. Brookings Papers in Microeconomics 2: 71–159.
1980. Profiles of Union Growth. Oxford. and
1974. Towards a geography of the industrial estate. Professional Geographer 26: 291–7.
1996. The Heath Government 1970–74: A Reappraisal. and , eds.
2002. Reforming Britain’s Economic and Financial Policy, Towards Greater Economic Stability. Basingstoke. and , eds.
1968. Control of bank lending: the cash deposits scheme. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 8: 166–70.
1969. The operation of monetary policy since the Radcliffe Report. In and 1969.
1970. The stock of money. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 10: 320–6.
1971a. Competition and credit control: the discount market. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 11: 314–15.
1971b. Reserve ratios: further definitions. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 11: 482–9.
1973. Competition and credit control: modified arrangements for the discount market. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 13: 306–7.
1974. Credit control: a supplementary scheme. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 14: 37–9.
1976. The balance of payments and the exchange rate developments in the first half of 1976. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 16: 308–13.
1977. DCE and the money supply – a statistical note. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 17: 39–42.
1980. Financial review. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 20: 19–32.
1981. Economic commentary. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 21: 3–18.
1984a. The Development and Operation of Monetary Policy 1960–1983. Oxford.
1984b. Funding the public sector borrowing requirement: 1952–83. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 24: 482–92.
1985a. Operation of monetary policy. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 25: 361–70.
1985b. Operation of monetary policy. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 25: 517–25.
1986. Financial change and broad money. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 26: 499–507.
1987a. Changes in the Stock Exchange and regulation of the City. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 27: 54–65.
1987b. The gilt-edged market: auctions. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 27: 203.
1987c. Measures of broad money. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 27: 212–19.
1987d. The instruments of monetary policy. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 27: 365–70.
1988a. The experimental series of gilt-edged auctions. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 28: 194–7.
1988b. Bank of England operations in the sterling money market. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 28: 390–409.
1989a. The gilt-edged market since Big Bang. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 29: 49–58.
1989b. Bank of England operations in the sterling money market. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 29: 92–103.
1990a. Monetary aggregates in a changing environment: a statistical discussion paper. Bank of England Discussion Papers 47: 1–44.
1990b. The determination of the monetary aggregates. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 30: 380–3.
1990c. The exchange rate mechanism of the European Monetary System. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 30: 479–81.
1992a. Operation of monetary policy. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 32: 382–98.
1992b. The case for price stability. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 32: 441–8.
1993a. Inflation report. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 33: 3–45.
1993b. Operation of monetary policy. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 33: 59–67.
1997a. Evolution of the monetary framework. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 37: 98–103.
1997b. Changes at the Bank of England. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 37: 241–3.
1997c. Reforms to the UK monetary policy framework and financial services regulation. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 37: 315–17.
1998a. The Bank of England Act. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 38: 93–6.
1998b. Inflation targeting in practice: the UK experience. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 38: 368–74.
1999. The MPC two years on. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 39: 297–303.
1999. The MPC two years on Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, various years.
1999. The MPC two years on Bank of England Statistical Abstracts, various years.
1987. Current policy practice and problems from a UK perspective. In and 1987. and
1982. The Automobile Revolution: The Impact of an Industry. Chapel Hill, NC., , and
1974. A History of London Transport, II, The Twentieth Century to 1970. and
1986. The Audit of War: the Illusion and Reality of Britain as a Great Nation.
1998. The Lost Victory: British Dreams, British Realities 1945–1950.
2001. The Verdict of Peace: Britain between her Yesterday and the Future.
1998. The Economics of the Welfare State, 3rd edn. Oxford.
1994. The UK Labour Market. Cambridge., ed.
2000. Productivity, Innovation and Economic Performance. Cambridge., and , eds.
1974. Are government bonds net wealth?Journal of Political Economy 82: 1095–117.
1991. Economic growth in a cross section of countries. Quarterly Journal of Economics 106: 407–44.
1983. A positive theory of monetary policy in a natural rate model. Journal of Political Economy 91: 589–610. and
1995. Economic Growth. New York. and
1990. World interest rates and investment. In and 1990. and
1967. Macroeconomics of unbalanced growth. American Economic Review 57: 415–26.
1986. Productivity growth, convergence and welfare. American Economic Review 76: 1072–85.
1987. The impact of North Sea oil. In and 1987.
British economic growth since 1945: relative economic decline … and renaissance? In and 1996. and
1996. Contemporary Industrial Relations. Oxford., ed.
1993. Trends in pay flexibility. Employment Gazette September: 405–28.
1992. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity.
1972. The Labour Government’s Economic Record 1964–1970., ed.
1998. Convergence of research: the government, public and independent sectors. In 1998., and
1983. Cost–benefit analysis in London’s transport policies. Progress in Planning 19: 171–269., and
1999. Inflation Targeting: Lessons from the International Experience. Princeton., , and
1985. Challenges to Social Policy. Aldershot.
1952. In Place of Fear.
1942. Social Insurance and Allied Services. Cmd 6404.
1984a. Why are services cheaper in the poor countries?Economic Journal 94: 279–86.
1984b. Splintering and disembodiment of services and developing nations. World Economy 7: 133–43.
1988. Does Privatisation Work? Lessons from the UK. and
1994. Privatisation and Economic Performance. Oxford., and , eds.
1995. The Challenge of Regulation. Oxford. and
1999. ‘Devalued and dejected Britons’: the pound in public discourse in the mid-1960s. History Workshop Journal 47: 121–40.
1980. Inequalities in Health: Report of a Research Working Group.
1978. British Economic Policy 1960–74. Cambridge., ed.
1990. NBER Macroeconomics Annual. Cambridge, MA. and , eds.
1998. Central Banking in Theory and Practice. Cambridge, MA.
1998. Science and technology in the private sector. In 1998.
1986. The Building Society Industry.
1985. Economists and points rationing in the Second World War. Journal of European Economic History 14: 297–317.
1987. Britain in the 1930s: a managed economy?Economic History Review 40: 499–522.
1989. British Economic Policy 1931–1949: Was There a Keynesian Revolution?Hemel Hempstead.
2000. Inflation, expectations, and the political economy of Conservative Britain, 1951–1964. Historical Journal 43: 827–47.
2001. The British Economy in the Twentieth Century.
2003. The manufacturing failure hypothesis and the performance of British industry during the long boom. Economic History Review 56: 1–33.
2001. The union membership wage premium puzzle: is there a free rider problem? Working Paper, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Essex. and
1980. Some wartime observations on the role of the economist in government. Oxford Economic Papers 32: 177–99. and
1992. Changes in the structure of wages in the 1980s: an evaluation of alternative explanations. American Economic Review82, 3: 371–92. and
2001. Trends in female employment. Labour Market Trends: 93–106.
1998. Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy that Works. Cambridge, MA. and , eds.
1985. Nationalised industries. In 1985.
1999. Information technology, workplace organisation and the demand for skilled labour: firm-level evidence. Working Paper 7136, NBER., and
1979. The History of Broadcasting in the UK. IV, Sound and Vision. Oxford.
1968. Taxation and income stabilisation. Economic Journal 78: 299–311.
Abstract of Banking Statistics: banking business., various years.
The Reshaping of British Railways. (The Beeching Report).
1971. Steering the Economy.
1991. Macroeconomic Policy in Britain 1974–1987. Cambridge.
1988. The impact of the World Wars on the long run performance of the British economy. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 4: 25–37.
1991. Unemployment. In and 1991.
1993. Manufacturing and the convergence hypothesis: what the long-run data show. Journal of Economic History 53: 772–95.
1994a. Technological leadership and productivity leadership in manufacturing since the industrial revolution: implications for the convergence thesis. Economic Journal 104: 291–302.
1994b. Why was unemployment in post-war Britain so low. Bulletin of Economic Research 46: 241–62.
1997a. Forging ahead, falling behind and catching-up: a sectoral analysis of Anglo-American productivity differences, 1870–1990. Research in Economic History 17: 1–37.
1997b. Anglo-German productivity differences 1970–1990: a sectoral analysis. European Review of Economic History 1: 247–67.
1997c. The Productivity Race: British Manufacturing in International Perspective 1850–1990. Cambridge.
1998a. How did the United States and Germany overtake Britain? A sectoral analysis of comparative productivity levels, 1870–1990. Journal of Economic History 58: 375–407.
1998b. Human capital and productivity performance: Britain, the United States and Germany, 1870–1990. Unpublished paper, University of Warwick.
2000. Britain’s productivity performance in international perspective 1870–1990. In et al. 2000.
2003. Human capital and skills. In and 2003.
1996. British economic policy and industrial performance in the early postwar period. Business History 38: 65–91.
1998. The post-war settlement: not such a good bargain after all. Business History 40: 73–9.
2001. Competition and innovation in 1950s Britain. Business History 43: 97–118.
1992. Britain’s productivity gap in the 1930s: some neglected factors. Journal of Economic History 52: 531–58. and
2002. From the counting house to the modern office: Anglo-American productivity differences in services, 1870–1990. Journal of Economic History 62: 967–98. and
1998. The United Kingdom: ‘Victory at all costs.’ In 1998. and
Blood, sweat and tears: British mobilisation for World War II. In and forthcoming. and forthcoming.
1996. Human capital and productivity in manufacturing during the twentieth century: Britain, Germany and the United States. In and 1996. and
1969. State Intervention in British Industry, 1964–68.
2001. The conditions for high and stable growth and employment. Economic Journal 111: C30–C44.
1976. Incomes policy and pay differentials. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 38: 1.
1998. The Individualisation of the Employment Contract in Britain. DTI Research Series., , , and
2000. The employment contract: from collective procedures to individual rights. British Journal of Industrial Relations 38: 611–29., , and
1985. Economics of Worldwide Stagflation. Oxford. and
2002. Unions and workplace performance: what’s going on? Mimeo, Policy Studies Institute, London.
2002. Collective Bargaining and Workplace Performance: an Investigation using the WERS 1998. DTI Research Series. and
1998. The role and operations of the Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee. Economic Journal 108: 1783–94..
Facts and Figures, various years.,
The Building Societies Association Bulletin, various years.,
1967. The Life and Times of Ernest Bevin, II, Minister of Labour, 1940–1945.
2000. Britain’s external economic policy in the 1950s: the historical significance of operation ROBOT. Twentieth Century British History 11: 379–408.
1990. Competition in the UK retail financial services sector: some implications for the spatial distribution and function of bank branches. Service Industries Journal 10: 571–88.
1994. Britain’s Economic Performance., and , eds.
1998. Britain’s Economic Performance. 2nd edn., and , eds.
1985. Years of Recovery: British Economic Policy, 1945–1951.
1986. The Price of War: British Policy toward German Reparations, 1941–45. Oxford.
1992. The British Economy since 1945.
1983. Sterling in Decline. Oxford. and
1983. The 1967 devaluation of sterling. In and 1983.
1987. Prelude to Radcliffe: monetary policy in the United Kingdom 1948–57. Rivista di Storia Economica 4: 1–20.
1997. Apocalypse when? British politicians and British ‘decline’ in the twentieth century. In and 1997.
1991. Global R&D and British companies. In 1991. and
1992. Have the Banks Failed Industry? and
2002. Price controls in war and peace: a Marshallian conclusion. Scottish Journal of Political Economy 49: 39–60. and
1985. A Monetary History of the United Kingdom 1870–1982, I, Data, Sources, Methods. and .
1999. The Treasury as venture capitalist: DATAC industrial finance and the Macmillan gap 1945–60. Financial History Review 6: 47–65. and
2001. Skill-biased organizational change?: evidence from a panel of British and French establishments. Quarterly Journal of Economics 116: 1449–92. and
1981. Industrial Policy and Innovation., ed.
1957. Industry and Technical Progress. Oxford. and
1991. Global Research Strategy and International Competitiveness. Oxford., ed.
2000. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, I, The Rise of the Network Society, 2nd edn. Oxford.
1968. Britain’s Economic Prospects. Washington, DC. et al.
1980. Britain’s Economic Performance. Washington, DC. and , eds.
1985. The UK National Accounts: Sources and Methods, 3rd edn.
1995. New Earnings Survey 1995.
1985. Annual Abstract of Statistics, various years (see also ONS).
1985. Economic Trends, various years (see also ONS).
1985. Regional Trends, various years.
1985. UK Balance of Payments, various years.
1985. UK National Accounts, various years (see also ONS).
1995. Fighting With Figures.
1999. A long view of real rates. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 15: 17–45. and
1990. The Making of a Sugar Giant: Tate and Lyle, 1859–1989. New York.
1969. Public Expenditure: a New Presentation. Command 4017..
1990. Scale and Scope: the Dynamics of Industrial Competition. Cambridge, MA.
1976. Corporate evolution in the service industries. In 1976. 1978. The Service Industries.
1991. The International Petrochemical Industry: Evolution and Location. Oxford.
1975. The Nationalisation of British Industry.
1951. Lessons of the British War Economy. Cambridge., ed.
A World at Total War: Global Conflict and the Politics of Destruction, 1939–1945. Cambridge. and , eds. forthcoming.
1994. The Rise and Decline of the British Motor Industry.
1949. The Second World War, II, Their Finest Hour. 1985 edn.
1973. The Industrial Revolution., ed.
Problems of industrial recovery. Midland Bank ReviewSpring: 9–16..
2002a. Long-term trends in British taxation and spending. Briefing Note 25, IFS; available on-line from www.ifs.org.uk/public/bn25.pdf. and
2002b. Measuring the UK fiscal stance since the Second World War. Briefing Note 26, IFS; available on-line from www.ifs.org.uk/public/bn26.pdf.
2001. 25 years of falling investment? Trends in capital spending on public services. Briefing Note 20, IFS; available on-line from www.ifs.org.uk/public/bn20.pdf., and
1986. Regulating the City. Competition, Scandal and Reform. Milton Keynes.
1998. The Keynesian Revolution and its Consequences. Cheltenham.
1997. Understanding Decline: Perceptions and Realities of British Economic Performance. Cambridge. and , eds.
1971. Monetary Theory and Monetary Policy in the 1970s., and , eds.
1976. Trade Unionism under Collective Bargaining. Oxford.
1988. Bank lending and the control of industry: an empirical study. In et al. 1988.
1992. Financial globalisation and deregulation. In 1992. and
1994. The Question of UK Decline.
2002. The state as ‘lubricator’: the impact of New Labour’s economic policy. A report on New Labour’s first term in office. Mimeo, Wake Forest University, NC.
1997. The post-ERM framework for monetary policy in the United Kingdom: bounded credibility. Economic Journal 107: 1128–41..
1988. Steel. In , ed., The Structure of British Industry, 2nd edn.
1993. Steel. In , ed., European Industries: Structure, Conduct and Performance, Aldershot.
1980. Courtaulds: an Economic History, III, Crisis and Change, 1940–1965. Oxford.
1990. British Culture and Economic Decline. and
1945. The Impact of the War on Civilian Consumption in the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada.
1970. A Better Tomorrow.
1966. Prices and Profits in the Pharmaceutical Industry. Oxford.
1994. The competitive role of UK manufacturing industry: 1950–2003 – a case analysis. Mimeo, University of Cambridge., and
Housing Finance, The Quarterly Economics Journal of the Building Societies Association., various years.
1971. Price, quality and advertising competition: the UK car market. Economica, 38: 378–94. and
1980. Mergers and Economic Performance. Cambridge., , , , , and
1992. Productivity growth reconsidered. Economic Policy 15 (October): 387–426.
1993. Can Deindustrialisation Seriously Damage Your Wealth?
1995. The golden age of economic growth in Western Europe, 1950–1973. Economic History Review 48: 429–47.
1996. Deindustrialisation and economic growth. Economic Journal 106: 172–83.
1997a. Britain’s Relative Economic Decline 1870–1995.
1997b. Economic growth in East Asia and western Europe since 1950: implications for living standards. National Institute Economic Review 162: 75–84.
1998. The Conservative Government’s Economic Record: an End of Term Report.
2000. Economic growth in the twentieth century. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 15: 18–34.
2002. Britain’s Relative Economic Performance., ed.
2001. A perspective on UK productivity performance. Fiscal Studies 22: 271–306. and
1996. Economic Growth in Europe since 1945. Cambridge. and , eds.
1996. Europe’s golden age: an econometric investigation of changing trend rates of growth. In and 1996. and
1986. Comparative advantage in UK manufacturing trade, 1910–1935. Economic Journal, 96: 629–45. and
1991. The British Economy since 1945. Oxford. and , eds.
1969. Money in Britain 1959–1969. and , eds.
1956. The Future of Socialism.
1979. Environmental Planning, 1939–1969, III, New Towns Policy.
Science and Technology in the United Kingdom, 2nd edn., ed. 1998.
1985. Productivity, machinery and skills in a sample of German and British manufacturing plants. National Institute Economic Review 111: 48–61., and
1982. Service Industries: Growth and Location. Cambridge.
1987. Economic Policy and Technological Performance. Cambridge. and , eds.
2000. Is public R&D a complement or substitute for private R&D?: a review of the econometric evidence. Research Policy 29: 497–530., and
1981. Building Societies and their Branches - A Regional Economic Survey.
1993. Labour Legislation and Public Policy. Oxford. and
1988. Safety at Work: the Limits of Self-Regulation. Cambridge., , and
1992. Labour law and industrial relations. In 1992.
1994. Analytical and Negocial Issues in the Global Trade System. Ann Arbor. and , eds.
1992. Unions and investment in British industry. Economic Journal 102: 874–87. and
1970. 1870–1970, Century of Growth in English Education.
Employment Gazette, various issues.,
Labour Market Trends, various issues.,
1971. British Labour Statistics: Historical Abstract, 1886–1968.
2002. Tackling Health Inequalities.
1952. The End of the ITO. Princeton, NJ.
1999. Innovation and Research Policies: an International Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham., , and
1989. British Welfare Policy: Workhouse to Workfare.
2000. The economic environment. In and 2000. and
1984. The Reform of Social Security. Oxford., and
1982. The Decline of Industrial Britain, 1870–1990.
1995. Anglo-American Relations in the Twentieth Century.
1999. The British Industrial Decline. and , eds.
1976. Expectations and exchange rate dynamics. Journal of Political Economy 84: 1161–76.
1987. The Performance of the British Economy. Oxford. and , eds.
1998. Major Recessions: Britain and the World, 1920–1995. Oxford.
1964. The Management of the British Economy 1945–60. Cambridge.
1988. A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience. Oxford. and
1992. Technological catch up and diverging incomes: patterns of economic growth 1960–88. Economic Journal 102: 600–10.
1989. OECD comparative economic growth, 1950–1985. American Economic Review 79: 1010–30. and
1989. The Building Society Industry in Transition.
2000. The Changing Welfare State: Social Security Spending.
2002. Productivity and Competitiveness Update 2002.
1980, The Decline of the British Motor Industry: the Effects of Government Policy, 1945–1979.
1983. Strikes in Post-War Britain: a Study of Stoppages of Work due to Industrial Disputes, 1946–73., and
1973. An Introduction to Modern Economics. Maidenhead. and
1987. The New Palgrave: a Dictionary of Economics., and , eds.
1986. Big Bang Brief., The
1991. England and the Aeroplane.
1996a. Science, Technology and the British Industrial ‘Decline’, 1870–1970. Cambridge.
1996b. The ‘white heat’ revisited: the British government and technology in the 1960s. Twentieth Century British History 7: 53–82.
1994. British industrial research and development before 1945. Economic History Review 47: 213–38. and
1998. Industrial conflict. In and , eds., The Handbook of Human Resource Management.
1994. Strikes and industrial conflict. In and 1994. and
1996. Institutions and economic growth: Europe after World War II. In and 1996.
2001. Annual Review 2000. Dublin.
1986. The Decline of the British Economy. Oxford. and , eds.
1994. Job-related training, trade union membership and labour mobility. Oxford Economic Papers 46: 4.
1976. Total factor productivity. In 1976.
2000. Threatening Europe: Britain and the Creation of the European Community, 1955–58. New York.
1996. How low profitability and weak innovativeness undermined UK industrial growth. Economic Journal 106 (January): 104–95.
2002. Forward. In 2002.
1981. The Money Supply and the Exchange Rate. Oxford. and , eds.
2001. The government’s fiscal rules. Briefing Note 18, IFS; available on-line from www.ifs.org.uk. and
2000. Rethinking British Decline. and eds.
1984. Economic Evaluation of the Impact of Telecommunications Investment in the Communities. Berlin.
1987. The importance of technology policy. In and 1987.
1998. Social security: dismantling the pyramids? In and 1998.
1995. The Dynamic of Welfare. Hemel Hempstead. and , eds.
Statistisches Jahrbuch. Wiesbaden., various years.
1972. National Income, Expenditure and Output of the United Kingdom, 1855–1965. Cambridge.
1990. Benefits of backwardness and costs of continuity. In and 1990.
1994. Success and failure: British economic growth since 1948. In and 1994.
1999. Structural change in developed countries during the twentieth century. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 15: 35–55.
1967. Socialism, Capitalism and Economic Growth: Essays Presented to Maurice Dobb. Cambridge., ed.
1983. The Managed Economy. Oxford.
1974. Social security, induced retirement and aggregate capital accumulation. Journal of Political Economy 82: 905–26.
1996. The missing piece in policy analysis: social security reform. American Economic Review 86: 1–14.
1995. Participation, contingent pay, representation and workplace performance: evidence from Great Britain. British Journal of Industrial Relations 33: 3. and
1992. The Bank of England and Public Policy, 1941–1958. Cambridge..
1977. Poverty and Progress in Britain, 1953–73. Cambridge., and
1971. The poverty trap. New Statesman 3 December. and
1980. Engineering Our Future: Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Engineering Profession.
1985. Labor control in the British boot and shoe industry. Industrial Relations 24: 339–59.
1999. Macroeconomic performance and collective bargaining: an international perspective. Journal of Economic Literature37.
1954. Collective bargaining. In and 1954.
1964. The Fawley Productivity Agreements.
1954. The System of Industrial Relations in Great Britain. Oxford. and , eds.
1962. Domestic financial policies under fixed and under floating exchange rates. IMF Staff Papers 9: 369–79.
2003. The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain, II, Economic Maturity 1860–1939. Cambridge. and , eds.
1994. The Economic History of Britain since 1700, III, 1939–1992, 2nd edn. Cambridge. and , eds.
1981. Monetary targets: their nature and record in the major economies. In and 1981.
1989. Competition, cooperation and nationalisation in the nineteenth century telegraph system. Business History 31: 81–101.
1991. Trade and the balance of payments. In and 1991.
1999. European Industrial Policy: the Twentieth Century Experience. Oxford. and , eds.
1999. Britain: from economic liberalism to socialism – and back? In and 1999. and
1985. The comparative efficiency of public and private enterprises in Britain: electricity generation between the wars. Economic Journal 85, supplement: 84–105. and
1990. Retreat from the Regions: Corporate Change and the Closure of Factories. and
1990. Producer services, scale and the division of labour. Oxford Economic Papers 42: 715–29.
1996. The role of services in the structure of production and trade: stylised facts from a cross-country analysis. Asian Pacific Economic Review 2: 35–43. and
2001. As Time Goes By: from the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution. Oxford. and
1965. The R&D Effort in Western Europe, North America and the Soviet Union. Paris. and
1962. The production function in allocation and growth: a synthesis. American Economic Review 52: 995–1022.
1980. Memorandum of evidence on monetary policy. In (1980).
1968. The Service Economy. New York.
1995. Social capital and the global economy, Foreign Affairs 74: 89–103.
1990. The State and Economic Knowledge: the American and British Experiences. Cambridge. and , eds.
2001. The United Kingdom national system of research, technology and innovation. In and 2001.
1990. Innovation, technological opportunity and market structure. Oxford Economic Papers 42: 586–602.
1991. Innovation and the sectoral sources of UK productivity growth. Economic Journal 101: 1438–51.
1997. How persistently do firms innovate?Research Policy 26: 33–48., and
1998. The Third Way. Cambridge.
2000. Educational Inequality: Mapping Race, Class and Gender. and
1979. British ‘safety policy’ and pesticides. In and 1979.
1980. Public spending and the social services: the end of an era? In and 1980.
2000. British Social Policy since 1945, 2nd edn. Oxford.
1998. The State of Welfare, 2nd edn. Oxford. and , eds.
1983. The Urban and Regional Transformation of England. and , eds.
1998. America’s graduation from high school: the evolution and spread of secondary schooling in the twentieth century. Journal of Economic History 58: 345–74.
1986. Financial innovation and monetary control. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 2: 79–102.
1988. Financial Regulation or Over-regulation?, , and
1969. The gilt-edged market. In 1972.
1975. Problems of monetary management: the UK experience. In 1984.
1982. Structural changes in the banking system and the determination of the stock of money. In 1984.
1984. Monetary Theory and Practice: the UK Experience.
1989. The conduct of monetary policy. Economic Journal 99: 293–346.
1970. The importance of money. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 10: 159–98. Reprinted in Johnson 1972. and
1987. Not Only the Poor: the Middle Classes and the Welfare State. and
2001. Inequality and living standards in Great Britain: some facts. Briefing Note 19, IFS.
1997. Inequality in the UK. Oxford., and
1967. A growth cycle. In 1967.
1998. A multi-stream analysis of the changing pattern of interregional migration in Great Britain, 1960–1991. Regional Studies 32: 309–23. and
1992. Discussion of Crafts. Economic Policy 15: 414–21.
1993. Comment on M. Baily, Competition Regulation and Efficiency in Service Industries. Brookings Papers in Microeconomics 2: 131–44.
2000. Does the new economy measure up to the great inventions of the past?Journal of Economic Perspectives 14: 49–74.
1983. The Education System since 1944. Oxford.
1995. Trade unions and the dispersion of earnings in British establishments 1980–90. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 57: 167–84. and
1992. Markets, Firms, and the Management of Labour in Modern Britain.
1995. The decline of apprenticeship training in Britain. Industrial Relations Journal 25: 32–44.
1992. Britain since 1945. and , eds.
1986. British Railways 1948–73: a Business History. Cambridge.
1994. The British Brewing Industry, 1830–1980. Cambridge. and
1972. The organisation of manpower in Britain during the Second World War. Journal of Contemporary History 7: 147–67.
1978. Monetary Policy and Credit Control: the UK Experience..
1982. Controlling the Money Supply..
1990. The Regulation of Financial Markets in the 1990s..
1990. Government and Economies in the Postwar World. and , eds.
1982. The Strategy of Equality.
1991. Political turbulence, enterprise crisis and industrial recovery: ICI and Montedison. In 1991. and
1993. The impact of trade union membership on training in Britain. Applied Economics 25.
1985. The evolution of market services in the European Community, the USA and Japan. European Economy 5.
1990. Innovation and trade performance in the United Kingdom. Economic Journal 100, supplement: 105–18.
2000. Labour productivity and product quality: their growth and inter-industry transmission in the UK 1979–90. In et al. 2000. and
1994. Innovation and export volumes and prices – a disaggregated study. Oxford Economic Papers 46: 102–35., and
1991. Surveys in International Trade. Oxford. and , eds.
1999. The State of Working Britain. Manchester. and , eds.
1973. The development of restrictive practices in the UK monetary system. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies 41: 3–18.
1981. Monetary Targets. and , eds.
1988. Productivity puzzles and R&D; another non-explanation. Journal of Economic Perspectives 2: 9–21.
1990. Patent statistics as economic indicators. Journal of Economic Literature 28: 1661–707.
1994. Productivity, R&D and the data constraint. American Economic Review 84: 1–25.
1991. Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy. Cambridge, MA. and
1991. History, development and organisation of UK science and technology up to 1982. In et al. 1991.
1987. The City Revolution. Causes and Consequences.
2001. Varieties of Capitalism: the Institutional Foundations of Competitive Advantage. Oxford. and , eds.
1989. The Robert Hall Diaries 1947–1953, ed. ..
1991. The Robert Hall Diaries 1954–1961, ed. ..
1980. Origins and Destinations. Oxford., and
2000. Twentieth Century British Social Trends. Oxford. and
1951. Food, I, The Growth of Policy.
1974. Managerial innovation and the rise of the large-scale company in interwar Britain. Economic History Review 27: 252–70.
1979. Electricity before Nationalisation: a Study of the Development of the Electricity Supply Industry in Britain to 1948.
1982. Engineers, Managers and Politicians: the First Fifteen Years of Nationalised Electricity Supply in Britain.
1990. Economic ideas and government policy on industrial organization in Britain since 1945. In and 1990.
1976. Management Strategy and Business Development., ed.
1952. Civil Industry and Trade. and
1977. William Beveridge: a Biography. Oxford.
1981. Some aspects of social policy in Britain during the Second World War. In 1981.
1986. Political ideas and the debate on state welfare, 1940–1945. In 1986.
1992. Enterprise and the welfare state. In and 1992.
1988. New Perspectives on the Financial System., , and , eds.
1988. Market structure and external control in the regional economies of Great Britain. Scottish Journal of Political Economy 35, 4: 334–60.
1990. The standard capital grant in Northern Ireland, 1954–1988. Regional Studies 24, 4: 343–55.
1991. Regional Economic Policy in Northern Ireland 1945–1988. Aldershot.
1988. Resource mobilization for World War II: the USA, the UK, USSR and Germany, 1938–1945. Economic History Review 41: 171–92.
1990. The volume of Soviet munitions output, 1937–1945: a re-evaluation. Journal of Economic History 50: 569–90.
The USSR and Total War: why didn’t the Soviet economy collapse in 1942? In and forthcoming. forthcoming.
1998. The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison. Cambridge., ed.
1993. Spatial Policy in a Divided Nation. and , eds.
2000. Financial Services Marketing. Harlow.
1994. Measuring the effectiveness of small firm policy: some lessons from Northern Ireland. Regional Studies 28, 8: 849–58. and
1973. The service revolution. In 1973.
1998. A History of Water in Modern England and Wales. Manchester.
1999. Computers and the demand for skilled labour: industry- and establishment-level panel evidence for the UK. Economic Journal 109: 68–79. and
1944. The Road to Serfdom.
2000. Productivity, employment and the ‘IT paradox’: evidence for financial services. In et al. 2000. and
1980. The economic and financial control of UK nationalised industries. Economic Journal 90: 243–65.
1993. Britain’s Economic Miracle: Myth or Reality., ed.
1987. R&D, defence, and spatial divisions of labour in twentieth-century Britain. Journal of Economic History 47: 365–78.
1988. Government research establishments, state capacity and distribution of industry policy in Britain. Regional Studies 22: 375–86.
1998. General Purpose Technologies and Economic Growth. Cambridge, MA., ed.
1977. Two British errors: their probable size and some possible lessons. Oxford Economic Papers 29: 159–205.
1993. Rings, mules and structural constraints in the Lancashire textile industry, c. 1945 - c. 1965. Economic History Review 46: 342–62.
1992. Wartime prosperity? A reassessment of the US economy in the 1940s. Journal of Economic History 52: 41–60.
1999. What has happened to the union wage differential in Britain in the 1990s?Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 61: 1.
1993. The Future of Welfare: a Guide to the Debate. York.
1996. New Inequalities. Cambridge., ed.
1999. Globalization in Question, 2nd edn. Cambridge. and
2000. Globalization in one country? The peculiarities of the British. Economy and Society 29: 335–6. and
1989. Reversing Industrial Decline? Industrial Structure and Policy in Britain and Her Competitors. Oxford. and , eds.
1961. Economic and Financial Objectives of the Nationalised Industries. Cmnd 1337.
1967. Nationalised Industries: a Review of Economic and Financial Objectives. Cmnd 3437.
1978. The Nationalised Industries. Cmnd 7131.
2000. Planning Sustainable Public Spending: Lessons from Previous Policy Experience.
1941. Analysis of the Sources of War Finance and Estimate of the National Income and Expenditure in 1938 and 1940. Cmd 621.
1941. various years. Inland Revenue Statistics.
1994. Conceptual and political economy issues in liberalising international transactions in services. In and 1994.
1995. Regional versus multilateral liberalisation of trade in services. Journal of Economic Integration 10: 1–31.
1968. Select Committee on Nationalised Industries. Ministerial Control of the Nationalised Industries.
1980. Treasury and Civil Service Committee. Memoranda on Monetary Policy.
1984–5. Select Committee. On Overseas Trade. Report, Oral Evidence, Written Evidence I, II and III.
1975. Domestic Monetary Management in Britain 1919–38. Cambridge.
1980. Sterling’s Managed Float: the Operations of the Exchange Equalisation Account, 1932–39.
1977. The Economic Advisory Council 1930–1939. and
1987. The origins of cheaper money, 1945–7. Economic History Review 40: 433–52.,
1988. ‘Socialist’ monetary policy: monetary thought in the Labour Party in the 1940s. History of Political Economy 20: 543–64.,
1989. Cheap money versus cheaper money: a reply to Professor Wood. Economic History Review 42: 401–5.,
1991. The problem of monetary control in Britain, 1948–51. Journal of European Economic History 20: 59–92.,
1993. British Monetary Policy 1945–51. Oxford.,
1989. The International Steel Industry: Restructuring, State Policies and Localities. and
1994. Did migration in the 1980s narrow the north–south divide?Economica 61: 509–27. and
1986. Exports and Technology. Cambridge.
1953. We Too Can Prosper.
1995. The State We’re In.
1994. New Frontiers in European Industrial Relations. Oxford. and
1946. The mobilization of manpower in Great Britain for the Second World War. Manchester School 14: 17–52.
2002. UK Financial Sector Exports, 2002; available at www.ifs.org.uk.
Balance of Payments Yearbook. Various years. Washington..
2000. International Financial Statistics. CD-Rom database. Washington..
Iron and Steel Industry Annual Statistics for the United Kingdom..
1996. International Monetary Co-operation since Bretton Woods. Washington, DC.
1970. The Battle of Downing Street.
1982. MITI and the Japanese Miracle: the Growth of Industrial Policy 1925–1975. Stanford, CA.
1952. The new monetary policy and the problem of credit control. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 14: 117–31.,
1958. Towards a general theory of the balance of payments. In , International Trade and Economic Growth.,
1972. Readings in British Monetary Economics. Oxford., ed.,
1986. Some historical dimensions of the welfare state ‘crisis’. Journal of Social Policy 15: 443–65.
1993. European Industries: Structure, Conduct and Performance. Aldershot., ed.
1993. Explaining the growth in UK income inequality. Economic Journal 103: 429–43. and
1979. Directing Technology: Policies for Promotion and Control. and , eds.
1994. Decentralisation of Offices from Central London.
1995. Time-series tests of endogenous growth models. Quarterly Journal of Economics 110: 495–525.
1994. Adding Value: Brands and Marketing in Food and Drink. and , eds.
1970. Anatomy of a Merger: a History of GEC, AEI and English Electric. and
Journal of Economic Perspectives, Symposium on Real Business Cycles, summer 1989.
1993. Breaking from Taylorism: Changing Forms of Work in the Automobile Industry. Cambridge., and
1954. Legal framework. In and 1954.
1982. The Baroque Arsenal.
1970. The new monetarism. Lloyds Bank Review 97: 1–18.
1971. The conflict in national policy objectives. Economic Journal 81: 1–18.
1972. The irrelevance of equilibrium economics. Economic Journal 82: 1237–55.
1987. Why a service economy is no panacea. Financial Times 22 May. and
1982. Market Structure and Innovation. Cambridge. and
2001. Meeting of closed minds. Financial Times, 28 November.
2001. forthcoming. Privatisation in the United Kingdom 1979–1999.
1995. The Economic Laws of Scientific Research. Basingstoke.
1998. Why science is endogenous: a debate with Paul David [etc.]. Research Policy 26: 897–924.
1976. Industrial Location and Planning in the United Kingdom.
1987. Service sector productivity. Business Economics 22: 18–24.
1986. ICI: the Company that Changed Our Lives.
1952. Monetary policy. In and 1952.
1927. J. M. Keynes on banking service. Journal of the Institute of Bankers 48: 494–7.
1940. How to Pay for the War: a Radical Plan for the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
1981. The Decline of British Economic Power Since 1870.
1995. Seedcorn or chaff? Unemployment and small firm performance. Working Paper 2, ESRC Centre for Business Research.
1997. The competitive weaknesses of the UK economy. In et al. 1997.
2000. Labour markets, social justice and economic efficiency. Cambridge Journal of Economics November 2000., and
1996. Britain’s industrial performance since 1960: underinvestment and relative decline. Economic Journal 106: 196–212. and
2000. The Political Economy of Competitiveness.
1999. Suez and sterling, 1956. Explorations in Economic History 36: 181–203. and
1997. Does social capital have an economic payoff? A cross-country investigation. Quarterly Journal of Economics November. and
1986. The Transformation of American Industrial Relations. New York., and
1952. Works and Buildings.
1993. How computers have changed the wage structure: evidence from micro-data, 1984–1989. Quarterly Journal of Economics 108: 33–61.
1989. Exchange-rate instability. Cambridge, MA.
1945. National Product in Wartime. New York.
1977. Rules rather than discretion: the inconsistency of optimal plans. Journal of Political Economy 85: 473–91. and
1976. Labour Party Annual Conference Report.
1971. The influence of money on economic activity – a survey of some current problems. In et al. 1971.
1976. Inflation in Britain: a monetarist perspective. American Economic Review 66: 485–500.
1985. Monetary policy in Britain: success and shortcomings. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 1: 35–43.
1970. The demand for money in the United Kingdom 1956–1967: preliminary estimates. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies 38: 187–208. Reprinted in Johnson 1972. and
1996. The Mosaic of Modern Growth. Stanford, CA., and , eds.
1987. International trade in services: its composition, importance and links to merchandise trade. Business Economics 22: 25–31.
1972. The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present. Cambridge.
2001. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: an International Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham. and , eds.
1972. Mid-Wales: an Assessment of the Impact of the Development Commission Factory Programme. and
1992. The View from No. 11. Memoirs of a Tory Radical.
1991. Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market. Oxford., and
1986. Unemployment in Britain. Economica 53: 121–69. and
1986. The cotton industry. In and 1986.
1990. The road to privatisation: political debate too simplistic. Financial Times 8 August: 8.
1995. Scotland and the United Kingdom. The Economy and the Union in the Twentieth Century. Manchester.
1966. Allocative efficiency vs ‘X’ efficiency. American Economic Review 56: 392–415.
1976. Beyond Economic Man. Cambridge, MA.
1967. Industrial Retardation in Britain, 1880–1914. New York.
1986. Government output in the national accounts. National Institute Economic Review 115: 48–51. and
1987. American Technology and the British Vehicle Industry. Cambridge.
1992. Women in Britain since 1945. Oxford.
1960. Apprenticeship: an Enquiry into its Adequacy in Modern Conditions.
1987. When some are more equal than others …Banking World 5: 32–5.
1990. Labouring under the Law. Mortgage Finance 122: 28–36. and
Lloyds Bank Review..
1988. Productivity growth, convergence and welfare. American Economic Review, 78: 1138–54.
1993. The Welfare State in Britain since 1945.
1988. On the mechanics of economic development. Journal of Monetary Economics 22.
1999. The financing of small firms in the United Kingdom. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 39: 195–201. and
1982. The Renaissance of the Scottish Economy? and
1987. Don and Mandarin: Memoirs of an Economist.,
1997. The decline of labour market institutions and the rise in wage inequality in Britain. European Economic Review 41: 647–57.
1999. Wage inequality in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. In and 1999.
2001. Does it still pay to be in or to join a union? Working Paper, CEP.
1990. Unions and the financial performance of British private sector establishments. Journal of Applied Econometrics 5: 327–50. and
1996. Trade unions and financial performance. Oxford Economic Papers 48: 213–41.
1998. Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from an international panel of industries. Quarterly Journal of Economics 113: 1215–44. and
1979. Regional Policy. Past Experiences and New Directions. Oxford. and
1952. The Social Services: Needs and Means. and
1971. Riding the Storm, 1956–59.
1995. Monitoring the World Economy, 1820–1992. Paris.
2001. The World Economy: a Millennial Perspective. Paris.
1997. Technological regimes and sectoral patterns of innovative activities. Industrial & Corporate Change 6: 83–118. and
2000. Knowledge, innovative activities and industrial evolution. Industrial & Corporate Change 9: 289–314.
1995. The growth of nations. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1: 275–326.
1996. New data and the measurement of output for the services sector in the UK. Review of Income and Wealth 42: 225–32.
1971. Britain in Balance: the Myth of Failure.
1983. The changing distribution of service employment. In and 1983.
1985. The paradox of services. Political Quarterly 56: 242–52.
1952. British social income estimates, 1938–1950. Manchester School 20: 25–56.
1990. Flexibility agreements and their significance in the increase in productivity in British manufacturing since 1980. Work, Employment and Society 4: 1. and
1920. Principles of Economics, 8th edn.
1988. Services and Uneven Development. Oxford.
2000. The Development of Modern Agriculture: British Farming since 1931. Berkeley, CA.
1988. The political economy of Britain’s north–south divide. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers n.s. 13: 389–418.
2002. The limits of a cluster based regional policy. Paper presented to the Cambridge–MIT Conference on The Future of Regional Policy, Cambridge, May 2002.
1991. International Markets and Global Firms: a Comparative Study of Organized Business in the Chemical Industry., ed.
1974. War and Social Change in the Twentieth Century.
1995. The New Graduate Supply-Shock: Recruitment and Utilisation of Graduates in British Industry. National Institute of Economic and Social Research, Report Series 9.
1995. Productivity, machinery and skills in the United States and Western Europe: precision engineering. Discussion Paper 89, National Institute of Economic and Social Research. and
1997. Productivity, machinery and skills in the United States and Western Europe. National Institute Economic Review 162: 85–98.
1984. Spatial Divisions of Labour. Social Structures and the Geography of Production. Basingstoke.
1997. The rise of the professional accountant in British management. Economic History Review 50., and
1982. British Economic Growth, 1856–1973. Oxford., and
1988. Food processing. In 1988.
1997. The scientific wealth of nations. Science 275: 793–6.
1986. Financial innovation: curse or blessing?Oxford Review of Economic Policy 2: i–xix.
1991. If You’re So Smart. Chicago, IL.
1994. Retailing of Financial Services. and
1992. Service Sector Productivity. Washington, DC.
1941. The construction of tables of national income, expenditure, savings and investment. Economic Journal 51: 216–33. and
1997. Unions and profitability over the 1980s: some evidence on union–firm bargaining in the UK. Economic Journal 107: 651–70.
1967. Equity Issues and the London Capital Market., and
1993. Industrial relations and economic performance. British Journal of Industrial Relations 31: 255–83.
1994. Transformation of British industrial relations? Institutions, conduct and outcomes, 1980–1990. In 1994.
2001. Unions and the sword of justice: unions and pay systems, pay inequality, pay discrimination and low pay. National Institute Economic Review 176: 61–75., and
1992. The Economic Legacy 1979–1992., ed.
1997. Employment and Economic Performance. Oxford. and , eds.
1996. Government versus the Market. Cheltenham.
2000. The British Economy since 1945.
2001. Struggling with the Impossible: Sterling, the Balance of Payments and British Economic Policy, 1949–72.
Midland Bank Review..
1989. Liberalization and Entrepreneurship. New York.
1992. Housing and the wider economy in the short and long run. National Institute Economic Review 139: 64–77.
1993. Testing for short-termism in the UK stock market. Economic Journal 103: 1379–96.
1987. Compliance with price controls in the United States and the United Kingdom during World War II. Journal of Economic History 47: 197–213. and
2000. All Change at Work?, and
1992. Workplace Industrial Relations in Transition. Aldershot., , and
1990. Productivity in the service sector: historical trends 1856–1985 and comparisons with USA 1950–85. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 52: 423–36.
1994. Industrial and commercial performance since 1950. In and 1994.
1999. Industrial performance, the infrastructure and government policy: an international comparison of British performance and policy 1800–1987. In and 1999.
1995. The Political Economy of Nationalisation in Britain, 1920–1950. Cambridge. and , eds.
1987. The costs of public and private gas enterprise in late nineteenth-century Britain. Oxford Economic Papers 39: 719–37. and
1995. The coverage of collective pay setting institutions in Britain 1895–1990. British Journal of Industrial Relations 33: 69–92.,
1996. Britain’s Place in the World: a Historical Inquiry into Import Controls 1945–60. and
1977. War, Economy, and Society, 1939–1945.
1984. The Economic Effects of the Two World Wars on Britain, 2nd edn. Basingstoke.
1991. The Supply Side Revolution in Britain.
Ministry of Labour and National Service 1947. Ministry of Labour and National Service Report for the Years 1939–45. Cmd 7255.
1988. British Historical Statistics. Cambridge.
1987. Nationalised industry performance: still third rate?Fiscal Studies 8: 48–82. and
1981. The Emergence of the Welfare State in Britain and Germany, 1850–1950., ed.
1973. Evaluating the effects of British regional policy. Economic Journal 83: 87–110. and
1986. The Effects of Government Regional Economic Policy., and
1980. Skill and the English Working Class, 1870–1914.
1988. Microcircuits of Capital: Sunrise Industry and Uneven Development. Oxford. and
1991. Economics of the City. and
1985. The Economic System in the UK. Oxford., ed.
1990. A History of the World Semiconductor Industry.
1981. The Making of Scotch Whisky: a History of the Scotch Whisky Distilling Industry. Edinburgh. and
1978. Industrial policy. In 1978.
1986. Industrial research in Britain, 1900–1950. In and 1986.
1962. The appropriate use of monetary and fiscal policy for internal and external stability. IMF Staff Papers 9: 70–7.
1963. Capital mobility and stabilization policy under fixed and flexible exchange rates. Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 29: 475–85.
1974. The Diffusion of Industrial Processes: an International Study. Cambridge. and , eds.
1951. Wartime controls of food and agricultural prices. In 1951.
National Statistical Office 2002. Labour Market Trends.
1998. The Economics of the European Union and the Economies of Europe. New York. and
1993. National Innovation Systems: a Comparative Analysis. New York., ed.
1986. The British Worker Question.
1991. Science and Technology in the United Kingdom., and , eds.
1996. Competition and corporate performance. Journal of Political Economy 104: 724–46.
2002. The assessment: the economic record of the Labour Government since 1997. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 18: 107–19.
1992. Productivity growth in UK companies 1975–86. European Economic Review 36: 1055–85., and
1989. Walking on water? Performance and industrial relations under Thatcher. Industrial Relations Journal 20: 81–92.
1996. Industrial relations and performance since 1945. In 1996.
1981. The second industrial revolution and its consequences. In North, Structure and Change in Economic History. New York.
1969. Debt management and monetary policy in the United Kingdom. Economic Journal 79: 475–94. Reprinted in Johnson 1972.
1992. Britain since 1945. and , eds.
1976. The Footwear Industry: Structure and Governmental Policies. Paris.
1981. The Welfare State in Crisis. Paris.
1985. Social Expenditure 1960–1990. Paris.
2000. Revenue Statistics 1965–1999. Paris.
2001. The Well-being of Nations: the Role of Human and Social Capital. Paris.
2002 Economic Outlook, various years. Paris.
2002. Economic Outlook, Statistics and Projections, no. 72. Paris.
1982. The Rise and Fall of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation and Social Rigidities. New Haven, CT.
1992. Productivity levels in British and German manufacturing industry. National Institute Economic Review 139: 46–63.
1999. Britain’s Productivity Performance, 1950–1996: an International Perspective.
2002. The National Institute Sectorial Productivity Dataset, www.niesr.ac.uk/research.
2002. Britain’s relative productivity performance: updates and extensions. National Institute of Economic and Social Research, London; available from www.niesr.ac.uk. and
1994. Changing Fortunes: An Industry Study of British and German Productivity Growth Over Three Decades, Report Series No.7, National Institute of Economic and Social Research. and
1998. Market services: productivity benchmarks for the UK. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 60: 529–51., and
1998. United Kingdom National Accounts: Concepts, Sources and Methods. E. A. Doggett.
2001a. UK 2002, The Official Yearbook of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
2001b Economic Trends, various years.
2001b Financial Statistics, various years.
2001b National Income Accounts, ‘Blue Books’, various years.
2001b Social Trends, various years.
2001b. Education Statistics for the UK.
1990. Labour productivity in UK manufacturing in the 1970s and in the 1980s. National Institute Economic Review 132: 71–91.
1995. Supply side reform and the UK economic growth: what happened to the miracle?National Institute for Economic and Social Research Review 154: 53–69.
1980. The Air War 1939–1945.
1988. Mobilization for total war in Germany 1939–1941. English Historical Review 103: 613–39.
1992. The British electronics industry from 1960 to the 1990s. Working Paper 324, Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics.
1999. From Empire to Europe: the Decline and Revival of British Industry Since the Second World War.
1999. British Social Welfare in the Twentieth Century. and
2001. The UK economy. National Institute Economic Review 178: 48–68., and
1965. Business Finance.
1976. The UK and West German Manufacturing Industry, 1957–72., ed.
1975. Government and Enterprise: an Analysis of the Economics of Governmental Regulation or Control of Industry.
1993. Privatisation ten years on. In 1993.
1957. Manpower: a Study of Wartime Policy and Administration.
1986. The Political Economy of British Regional Policy.
1989. The technological activities of the UK: a fresh look. In 1989. and
1982. Defining and measuring the public sector: some international comparisons. Review of Income and Wealth 28th ser., 3: 261–89. and
1981. Technology in British industry: a suitable case for improvement. In 1981.
1980. Technical Innovation and British Economic Performance., ed.
1987. The size distribution of innovating firms in the UK, 1945–1983. Journal of Industrial Economics 35: 297–316., and
1961. The Growth of Public Expenditure in the UK. Princeton. and
1968. Science and technology. In et al. 1968.
2000. The Treasury and British Public Policy 1906–1959. Oxford.
1985. British Economic and Social Policy. Oxford.
1984. The Labour Governments, 1945–51.
1950. British Government Securities in the Twentieth Century. and ,
2002. Social capital. A discussion paper, Performance and Innovation Unit, The Cabinet Office, London, April.
2001. Technology and the Future of Europe. Cheltenham. and , eds.
1985. The Awakening Giant: Continuity and Change in Imperial Chemical Industries. Oxford.
1962. Wage drift. Economica.
1987. The growth of poverty. In and 1987.
1991. Beyond the Welfare State?Cambridge.
1984. The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity. New York. and
1984. Getting and Spending. Public Expenditure, Employment and Inflation, revised edn. Oxford.
1989. An Industrialist in the Treasury: the Post-war Years.
1950. Motor Vehicles: a Report on the Organisation and Structure of the Industry, its Products, and its Market Prospects at Home and Abroad.
1983. The Development of the British Economy, 3rd edn.
1984. The Wasting of the British Economy.
1998. Clusters and Competition: New Agendas for Companies, Governments, and Institutions, Boston, MA.
1987. Nationalisation. In , and 1987.
1952. British War Production.
1981. Productivity and Industrial Structure: a Statistical Study of Manufacturing Industry in Britain, Germany and the United States. Cambridge.
1988. Qualified manpower in engineering: Britain and other industrially advanced countries. National Institute Economic Review 127: 76–83.
1995. Productivity, Education and Training: an International Perspective. Cambridge.
1989. Productivity and vocational skills in Britain and Germany: hotels. National Institute Economic Review 130: 52–74., and
1988. Productivity and management: the training of foremen in Britain and Germany. National Institute Economic Review 123: 34–47. and
1986. External Economic Policy since the War, I, The Post-War Financial Settlement.
1986. The UK Economy: a Manual of Applied Economics, 11th edn. and , eds.
1996. Producer prices for services: development of a new price index. Economic Trends 513: 14–18.
1972. The demand for money in the United Kingdom: a further investigation. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin 12: 43–56.
2001. Expenditure on healthcare in the UK: a review of the issues. Fiscal Studies 22: 151–83.
1971. Public Enterprise in Practice: the British Experience of Nationalisation over Two Decades.
1981. The Nationalised Industries: Policies and Performance since 1968. Oxford.
1982. The comparative performance of public and private enterprise. Fiscal Studies 3: 68–81.
2002. The Future of US Capitalism. New York.
2000. Bowling Alone: the Collapse and Revival of American Community.
1960. Principal Memoranda of Evidence.,
2001. Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2001. York., and
1988. Economy and the Second World War: a few comparative issues. Journal of European Economic History 17: 303–47.
1986. Productivity in services. National Institute of Economic and Social Research Review: 44–7.
1984. The Diffusion of Mature Technologies. Cambridge.
1951. Rationing. In 1951.
2001. Labour’s New Regional Policy: an Assessment.
1982. The Secondary Banking Crisis, 1973–75.
Report of the Committee on Economic and Financial Problems of Provision for Old-age 1954.
Report of the Committee to Review the Functioning of Financial Institutions (Wilson Report) 1980. Cmnd 7937.
1973. The British Financial System.
1972. The Motor Industry: an Economic Survey.
1938. Industrial Relations in Great Britain. Geneva.
2001. The macroeconomic impact of the New Deal for Young People. Discussion paper 184, August National Institute of Economic and Social Research. and
1951. The overall allocation of resources. In 1951.
1984. Growth and utilisation of part-time labour in GB. Employment Gazette September: 391–7. and
1988. Sectoral patterns of production and use of innovations in the UK: 1945–1983. Research Policy 17: 1–14., and
1998. The United States: from ploughshares to swords. In 1998.
1975. Social Change at Work: the ICI Weekly Staff Agreement.
1992. Poor Mr Butskell: a short life, wrecked by schizophrenia. 20th Century British History 5: 183–205.
1986. Increasing returns and long-run growth. Journal of Political Economy 94: 1002–37.
1994. The origins of endogenous growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives 8: 3–22.
1986. Change in financial intermediation in the UK. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 2: 18–40.
1998. Balancing business and the regions: British distribution of industry policy and the Board of Trade, 1945–51. Business History 40, 1: 77–99.
1960. Changing Patterns of Industrial Conflict. New York. and
1948. Comparative Productivity in British and American Industry. Cambridge.
1971. A Framework for Government Research and Development., chair.
1965. Occupation and Pay in Great Britain, 1906–1960. Cambridge.
1980. Occupation and Pay in Great Britain 1906–79.
1971. Steel and Public Policy.
1951. Poverty and the Welfare State. and
1999. The political economy of full employment in modern Britain. The Kaleski Memorial Lecture at the Department of Economics, University of Oxford, 19 October 1999.
2001. UK competitiveness, productivity and the knowledge economy. Paper presented at the National Competitiveness Summit, 1 November 2001, Cambridge-MIT Institute, Cambridge.
1993. Capitalism, Culture and Decline in Britain, 1750–1990.
1978. Mobilizing Women for War. Princeton, NJ.
1996. Factor shares and inequality in the UK. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 12: 1.
1988. Financial systems and industrial re-structuring. National Westminster Bank Quarterly Review: 3–13.
1980. The collected writings of John Maynard Keynes: activities 1940–43 and 1944–46 - a review article. Journal of Economic Literature 18: 1056–62.
2001. The economic benefits of publicly funded basic research: a critical review. Research Policy 30: 509–32. and
1960. Productivity and Technical Change. Cambridge.
2000. Policy Measures for Low-Wage Employment in Europe. Cheltenham., and , eds.
1972. The Universities and British Industry, 1850–1970.
1988. Education and economic decline, 1890–1980s. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 41: 38–50.
1996. Unions and risk. Economica 63: 291–309. and
1991. The structure of services in Europe: a conceptual framework. Discussion Paper 498, Centre for Economic Policy Research.
1979. UK performance in services. In 1979.
1991. Deregulation, debt and downturn in the UK economy. National Institute Economic Review 137: 75–87.
1979. Research and development in British industry from the end of the nineteenth century to the 1960s. In 1979.
1946. Manpower distribution, 1939–45. Manchester School 14: 1–39.
1956. Financial Policy, 1939–1945.
1983. 1941 - the first Keynesian Budget. In 1983.
1994. Britain and the Sterling Area: from Devaluation to Convertibility in the 1950s.
1974. Continuous casting of steel. In and 1974.
1980. Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance, 2nd edn. Boston, MA.
1966. Innovation and Economic Growth. Cambridge, MA.
1934. The Theory of Economic Development. Cambridge, MA.
1989. A New View of Economic Growth. Oxford.
1996a. The worst of both worlds: British regional policy, 1951–64. Business History 38, 4: 41–64.
1996b. The Property Masters: a History of the British Commercial Property Sector.
1997. British regional policy 1945–51: a lost opportunity. Twentieth Century British History 8, 3: 358–82.
2000. The audit of British regional policy: 1934–9. Regional Studies 34, 1: 55–65.
1957. Pensions in a Free Society.
1992. A long run theory of effective demand: modelling macroeconomic systems with hysteresis. PhD thesis, Dalhouise University, Canada.
1961. The Stagnant Society.
1985. Europe and the New Technologies: Six Case Studies in Innovation and Adjustment.
2000. The UK experiment: science, technology and industrial policy, 1975–1997. Paper presented at the Triple Helix conference, Rio de Janeiro.
1983. The large manufacturing employers of 1907. Business History 25: 42–60.
1992. Policy implications of endogenous growth theory. Economic Journal 102, May: 611–21.
1987. The History of Industrial Training in Britain. Aldershot. and
1971. The Growth and Role of UK Financial Institutions 1880–1962.
1958. British Economic Policy since the War.
1965. Modern Capitalism: the Changing Balance of Public and Private Power. Oxford.
1981. Public Expenditure and Taxation in the UK Regions.
1989. Technology and Economic Progress. Basingstoke., ed.
1975. Takeovers, natural selection and the theory of the firm: evidence from the postwar experience. Economic Journal 85: 497–515.
1977. UK industry and the world economy: a case of deindustrialisation. Cambridge Journal of Economics 1: 113–36.
1986. Lancashire’s Last Stand: Declining Employment in the British Cotton Industry, 1950–70. Economic History Review 39: 92–107.
1991. Lancashire on the Scrapheap: the Cotton Industry, 1945–1970. Oxford.
2000. John Maynard Keynes, III, Fighting for Britain, 1937–1946.
1995. Cumulative causation and the ‘new’ theories of economic growth. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics 17, 3: 381–402. and
Small Firms: Report of Committee of Inquiry on Small Firms (Bolton Report) 1971. Cmnd 4811.
1982. International Industrial Productivity: a Comparison of Britain, America and Germany. Cambridge., and
1984. The womanpower problem in Britain during the Second World War. Historical Journal 27: 925–45.
1986. War and Social Change. Manchester., ed.
1957. The effectiveness of monetary policy: recent British experience. Journal of Political Economy 65: 18–39. and
1979. The Search for Wealth and Stability., ed.
The Motor Industry of Great Britain., various years.
2001. Information technology and the recent productivity boom in the US. Paper presented to the Cambridge-MIT Institute Summit, Cambridge, MA., November 2001.
1981. A model of the demand for British government stocks by non-bank residents 1967–77. Economic Journal 91: 938–60.
1986. Financial Innovation, Efficiency and Disequilibrium: Problems of Monetary Management in the United Kingdom 1971–1981. Oxford.
1996. The Relationship between Publicly Funded Basic Research and Economic Performance: a SPRU Review. Brighton.
1991. Intermediate skills in the workplace: deployment, standards and supply in Britain, France and Germany. National Institute Economic Review 136: 60–76., and
1987. A second look at productivity, machinery and skills in Britain and Germany. National Institute Economic Review 122: 84–95. and
1989. Productivity, machinery and skills: clothing manufacture in Britain and Germany. National Institute Economic Review 128: 40–57. and
2000. Industrial change, stability of relative earnings, and substitution of unskilled labour in West Germany. In et al. 2000. and
1988. Britain’s newest import: America’s regulatory experience. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 4: 68–79.
1987. Collective bargaining arrangements, closed shops and relative pay. Economic Journal 97: 140–56.
1990. Union wage differentials, product market influences and the division of rents. Economic Journal 100: 1122–37.
1991. Union wage differentials in the face of changes in the economic and legal environment. Economica 58: 155–72.
1995. Union wage differentials in an era of declining unionisation. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 57: 143–66.
2001. Information technology and the US productivity revival: what do the industry data say? Working Paper 15, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
1996. The foreign-owned manufacturing sector in UK peripheral regions, 1978–1993: restructuring and comparative performance. Regional Studies 30, 1: 55–68. and
1951. The use and development of national income and expenditure estimates. In 1951.
1976. Technological Diffusion and the Computer Revolution: the UK Experience. Cambridge.
1995. Handbook of the Economics of Innovation and Technological Change. Oxford., ed.
1994. Understanding the Small Business Sector.
1969. Margarine: an Economic, Social and Scientific History 1869–1969. Liverpool., ed.
1999. Democratic socialism and social policy. In and 1999.
1984. Women Workers in the Second World War: Production and Patriarchy in Conflict.
1998. Reconstructing Women’s Wartime Lives: Discourse and Subjectivity in Oral Histories. Manchester.
1985. Services in the international economy. In 1985.
1987. The History of the British Coal Industry, IV, 1913–1946: The Political Economy of Decline. Oxford.
1994a. British economic decline since 1945. In and 1994.
1994b. Fear of failing: economic history and the decline of Britain. Economic History Review 47: 441–58.
1997. Introduction: national performance in personal perspective. In and 1997.
1991. Sunk Costs and Market Structure: Price Competition, Advertising, and the Evolution of Concentration. Cambridge, MA.
2000. Public Spending in the 20th Century. Cambridge. and
1997. Economic functioning, self sufficiency, and full employments. In and 1997. and
1999. Driving Strategic Change in Financial Services. Cambridge. and , eds.
1973. The Economic Impact of the Patent System: a Study of the British Experience. Cambridge. and
1997. UK regional policy: an evaluation. Regional Studies 31 9: 835–48. and
2000. The TUC: from the General Strike to New Unionism. Basingstoke.
1992. The British pharmaceutical industry: 1961–1991. In 1992.
1992. Innovative Competition in Medicine: a Schumpeterian Analysis of the Pharmaceutical Industry and the NHS., ed.
1999. The new growth evidence. Journal of Economic Literature 37: 112–56.
1997. Smaller enterprises and innovation in the UK: the SPRU Innovations Database revisited. Research Policy 26: 19–32., and
1978a. Monetary policy, part I. In 1978.
1978b. Policies aimed at improving the balance of payments. In 1978.
1993. The Downing Street Years.
1969. London’s New Towns: a Study of Self-contained and Balanced Communities. Political and Economic Planning (PEP) Broadsheet No. 510.
1978. The Finance of British Industry, 1918–1976.
1994. Restrictive practices on the shopfloor in Britain, 1945–1960: myth and reality. Business History 36: 65–84. and
1997. Exporting the ‘Gospel of productivity’: US technical assistance and British industry 1945–60. Business History 71: 41–81. and
1950. Problems of Social Policy.
1981. The ‘economics of politics’ and public expenditure. Economy and Society 10: 381–402.
1996. Inventing ‘decline’: the falling behind of the British economy in the post-war years. Economic History Review 49: 731–57.
1997. Democratic Socialism and Economic Policy; the Attlee Years. Cambridge.
2000. The Politics of Decline.
1979. Poverty in the United Kingdom.
2000. Productivity in the UK: the Evidence and the Government’s Approach.
1988. Toshiba’s New Company: Competitiveness through Innovation in Industry.
2000. Technology generation, technology use and economic growth. European Review of Economic History 4: 121–46.
2001. Technology, growth and employment in postwar Europe: short-run dynamics and long-run patterns. In and 2001. and
1971. The Leyland Papers.
1952. Trade unions, differentials and the levelling of wages. Manchester School: 227–82.
1998. The new deal: jeopardised by the geography of unemployment?Local Economy 12, 4: 309–28. and
2001. Women in the labour market: results from the Spring Labour Force Survey. Employment Gazette. February: 93–106.
1985. Regional policy and the interregional movement of manufacturing industry in Great Britain. Scottish Journal of Political Economy 32, 3: 257–77. and
1975. Royal Commission on the Distribution of Income and Wealth. Cmnd 6171.
1979. The Government’s Expenditure Plans, 1980–81.
2001. Statistical Abstract of the United States. Washington, DC.
1965. Area Redevelopment Policies in Britain and the Countries of the Common Market. Washington, DC.
Analysis of Work Stoppages. Washington, DC., various years.
1974. The History of British Steel.
1968. Resources for Education: an Economic Study of Education in the United Kingdom, 1920–1965. and
1985. The US Economy in World War II. New York.
1988. Privatisation: an Economic Analysis. Cambridge, MA. and
1989. European Trade Unions in Figures. Deventer.
2001. Trade Unions in Europe. Brussels. and
1990. The effects of unions on productivity, growth, investment and employment. British Journal of Industrial Relations 28: 371–85.
2001. Productivity growth and R&D expenditure in UK manufacturing firms. Research Policy 30: 1079–90.
1987. The Growing Divide: a Social Audit, 1979–1987. and , eds.
1980. Britain’s industrial performance 1850–1950: a failure to adjust. In 1980.
1993. National innovation systems: Britain. In 1993.
1983. Town, City and Nation. Oxford.
1969a. Money in Boom and Slump.
1969b. The Radcliffe Report - ten years after: a survey of empirical evidence. In and 1969.
1986. Prosperity and upheaval: the world economy 1945–1980. Harmondsworth.
1994. Managing Decline: Brands and Marketing in Two Mergers, ‘The Big Amalgamation’ 1925 and Guinness-DCL 1986. In and 1994.
1981. Deglomeration Policies in the European Community. Luxembourg. and
1994. The outstanding potential market: the British motor industry and Europe, 1945–75. Journal of Transport History 15: 1–19.
1995. At the End of the Road: the Rise and Fall of Austin-Healey, MG, and Triumph Sports Cars. Greenwich, CT.
1981. The adoption and transfer of technology and the role of government. In 1981.
1997. Economic Growth and Social Capital. Sheffield.
1985. North Sea oil. In 1985.
1987. A Future for All: Do We Need a Welfare State? Harmondsworth.
1981. English Culture and the Decline of the Industrial Spirit.
1958. Industrial Society and Social Welfare. New York. and
1984. Industrial Policy and the Motor Industry. Manchester.
1967. Technology, Investment and Growth.
1957. Recruitment to Skilled Trades.
1963. Apprenticeship in Europe: the Lesson for Britain.
1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism: Firms, Markets, Relational Contracting. New York.
1968. Unilever, 1945–1965: Challenge and Response in the Post-War Industrial Revolution.
1980. Only Halfway to Paradise: Women in Postwar Britain, 1945–1968.
1983. British Financial Institutions: Savings and Monetary Policy.
2001. Food for War. Agriculture and Rearmament in Britain Before the Second World War. Oxford.
1990. The Machine that Changed the World. New York., and
1994. North-South Trade, Employment, and Inequality. Oxford.
1952. The British Economy 1945–1950. Oxford. and , eds.
1957. The Women’s Outerwear Industry.
1994. The build-up and duration of subsidy-induced employment: evidence from UK regional policy. Journal of Regional Science 34, 3: 387–410.
1991. The direct employment effects of financial assistance to industry. Oxford Economic Papers 43: 116–38. and
1996. A History of British Industrial Relations, 1939–1979. Cheltenham.
1977. Chrysler UK: a Corporation in Transition. New York. and
1994. Multinational enterprises and regional economic development. Regional Studies 28, 7: 657–77., and
1979. Regulating the exploitation of recombinant biogenetics. In and 1979.
1989. Markets, technology and local intervention: the case of clothing. In and 1989. and
1987. Science in a ‘Steady State’: the Research System in Transition.
2000. Austerity in Britain. Rationing, Controls, and Consumption, 1939–1955. Oxford.