Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 107
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Masur, Philipp K. 2019. Situational Privacy and Self-Disclosure. p. 69.

    Brown, Randal D. and Weigel, Daniel J. 2018. Exploring a Contextual Model of Sexual Self-Disclosure and Sexual Satisfaction. The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 55, Issue. 2, p. 202.

    Dutton, Hilary 2018. Mentor Self-Disclosure in Youth Mentoring Relationships: A Review of the Literature About Adults Disclosing to Non-Familial Adolescents in Intervention Settings. Adolescent Research Review, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, p. 57.

    Haverfield, Marie C. Giannitrapani, Karleen Timko, Christine and Lorenz, Karl 2018. Patient-Centered Pain Management Communication from the Patient Perspective. Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 33, Issue. 8, p. 1374.

    Schrimshaw, Eric W. Downing, Martin J. and Cohn, Daniel J. 2018. Reasons for Non-Disclosure of Sexual Orientation Among Behaviorally Bisexual Men: Non-Disclosure as Stigma Management. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 47, Issue. 1, p. 219.

    Salonen, Elise 2018. The Discursive Construction of Identities On- and Offline. Vol. 78, Issue. , p. 57.

    Janin, Madeleine Marie Hortense Ellis, Sarah Jane Wakefield, Claire Elizabeth and Fardell, Joanna Elizabeth 2018. Talking About Cancer Among Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Patients and Survivors: A Systematic Review. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology,

    Olry-Louis, Isabelle 2018. Expression and management of emotions in career counselling interactions. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, p. 1.

    Waterloo, Sophie F Baumgartner, Susanne E Peter, Jochen and Valkenburg, Patti M 2018. Norms of online expressions of emotion: Comparing Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and WhatsApp. New Media & Society, Vol. 20, Issue. 5, p. 1813.

    Rains, Stephen A. and Brunner, Steven R. 2018. The Outcomes of Broadcasting Self-Disclosure Using New Communication Technologies: Responses to Disclosure Vary Across One’s Social Network. Communication Research, Vol. 45, Issue. 5, p. 659.

    Evans-Wilday, Aislinn S. Hall, Sophie S. Hogue, Todd E. and Mills, Daniel S. 2018. Self-disclosure with Dogs: Dog Owners’ and Non-dog Owners’ Willingness to Disclose Emotional Topics. Anthrozoös, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 353.

    Magsamen-Conrad, Kate Venetis, Maria K. Checton, Maria G. and Greene, Kathryn 2018. The Role of Response Perceptions in Couples’ Ongoing Cancer-Related Disclosure. Health Communication, p. 1.

    Lopez Portillo, Beatriz 2018. Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. p. 1.

    Song, Hayeon Kim, Jihyun and Park, Namkee 2018. I Know My Professor: Teacher Self-Disclosure in Online Education and a Mediating Role of Social Presence. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction, p. 1.

    Wofford, Nyla Defever, Andrew M. and Chopik, William J. 2017. The Vicarious Effects of Discrimination. Social Psychological and Personality Science, p. 194855061774621.

    Smith, Stephanie A. and Brunner, Steven R. 2017. To Reveal or Conceal: Using Communication Privacy Management Theory to Understand Disclosures in the Workplace. Management Communication Quarterly, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 429.

    Tang, Yipeng Huang, Xu and Wang, Yongli 2017. Good marriage at home, creativity at work: Family-work enrichment effect on workplace creativity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 38, Issue. 5, p. 749.

    Krämer, Nicole C. Eimler, Sabrina C. and Neubaum, German 2017. Handbuch Soziale Medien. p. 41.

    Michikyan, Minas and Suárez-Orozco, Carola 2017. Enacted Identities of Immigrant-Origin Emerging Adult Women in Online Contexts: Capturing Multiple and Intersecting Identities Using Qualitative Strategies. Identity, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. 138.

    Zhao, Yuhang Wu, Shaomei Reynolds, Lindsay and Azenkot, Shiri 2017. The Effect of Computer-Generated Descriptions on Photo-Sharing Experiences of People with Visual Impairments. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, Vol. 1, Issue. CSCW, p. 1.

  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: June 2012

Chapter 22 - Self-Disclosure in Personal Relationships

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge Handbook of Personal Relationships
  • Online ISBN: 9780511606632
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *


Afifi, W. A., & Burgoon, J. K. (1998). “We never talk about that”: A comparison of cross-sex friendships and dating relationships on uncertainty and topic avoidance. Personal Relationships, 5, 255–272.
Altman, I., & Haythorn, W. W. (1965). Interpersonal exchange in isolation. Sociometry, 23, 411–426.
Altman, I., & Taylor, D. A. (1973). Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.
Altman, I., Vinsel, A., & Brown, B. H. (1981). Dialectic conceptions in social psychology: An application to social penetration and privacy regulation. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 14, pp. 107–160). New York: Academic Press.
Archer, R. L. (1987). Commentary: Self-disclosure, a very useful behavior. In V. J. Derlega & J. H. Berg (Eds.), Self-disclosure: Theory, research, and therapy (pp. 329–342). New York: Plenum.
Archer, R. L., & Cook, C. E. (1986). Personalistic self-disclosure and attraction: Basis for relationship or scare resource. Social Psychology Quarterly, 49, 268–272.
Barbee, A. P., Derlega, V. J., Sherburne, S. P., & Grimshaw, A. (1998). Helpful and unhelpful forms of social support for HIV-positive individuals. In V. J. Derlega & A. P. Barbee (Eds.), HIV and social interaction (pp. 83–105). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Baxter, L. A., & Montgomery, B. M. (1997). Dialectic approaches to studying personal relationships. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Baxter, L. A., & Wilmot, W. W. (1985). Taboo topics in close relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2, 253–269.
Beals, K. P. (2003). Stigma management and well-being: The role of social support, cognitive processing, and suppression. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.
Berg, J. H. (1984). Development of friendship between roommates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 346–356.
Berg, J. H. (1986). Responsiveness and self-disclosure. In V. J. Derlega & J. H. Berg (Eds.), Self-disclosure: Theory, research, and therapy (pp. 101–130). New York: Plenum.
Berg, J. H., & Archer, R. L. (1980). Disclosure or concern: A second look at liking for the norm-breaker. Journal of Personality, 48, 245–257.
Berg, J. H., & Clark, M. S. (1986). Differences in social exchange between intimate and other relationships: Gradually evolving or quickly apparent. In V. J. Derlega & B. A. Winstead (Eds.), Friendship and social interaction (pp. 101–128). New York: Springer-Verlag.
Burke, R. J., Weir, T., & Harrison, D. (1976). Disclosure of problems and tensions experienced by marital partners. Psychological Reports, 38, 531–542.
Chaikin, A. L., & Derlega, V. J. (1974a). Liking for the norm-breaker in self-disclosure. Journal of Personality, 42, 117–129.
Chaikin, A. L., & Derlega, V. J. (1974b). Variables affecting the appropriateness of self-disclosure. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 588–593.
Chaikin, A. L., & Derlega, V. J. (1974c). Self-disclosure. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.
Chelune, G. J., Robinson, J. T., & Kommor, M. J. (1984). A cognitive interactional model of intimate relationships. In V. J. Derlega (Ed.), Communication, intimacy, and close relationships (pp. 11–40). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
Chelune, G. J., Waring, E. M., Vosk, B. N., Sultan, F. E., & Ogden, J. K. (1984) Self-disclosure and its relationship to marital intimacy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 409, 216–219.
Cole, S. W., Kemeny, M. E., Taylor, S. E., & Visscher, B. R. (1996). Elevated physical health risk among gay men who conceal their homosexual identity. Health Psychology, 15, 243–251.
Cole, S. W., Kemeny, M. E., Taylor, S. E., Visscher, B. R., & Fahey, J. L. (1996). Accelerated course of human immunodeficiency virus infection in gay men who conceal their homosexual identity. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58, 219–231.
Collins, N. L., & Miller, L. C. (1994). Self-disclosure and liking: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 457–475.
Costanza, R. S., Derlega, V. J., & Winstead, B. A. (1988). Positive and negative forms of social support: Effects of conversational topics on coping with stress among same-sex friends. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 24, 182–193.
Cozby, P. C. (1973). Self-disclosure: A literature review. Psychological Bulletin, 79, 73–91.
DePaulo, B. M., Wetzel, C., Weylin Sternglanz, R., & Walker Wilson, M. J. (2003). Verbal and nonverbal dynamics of privacy, secrecy, and deceit. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 391–410.
Derlega, V. J., & Chaikin, A. L. (1975). Sharing intimacy: What we reveal to others and why. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Derlega, V. J., & Chaikin, A. L. (1977). Privacy and self-disclosure in social relationships. Journal of Social Issues, 33(3), 102–115.
Derlega, V. J., & Grzelak, J. (1979). Appropriateness of self-disclosure. In G. J. Chelune (Ed.), Self-disclosure: Origins, patterns, and implications of openness in interpersonal relationships (pp. 151–176). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Derlega, V. J., Wilson, J., & Chaikin, A. L. (1976). Friendship and disclosure reciprocity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 578–582.
Derlega, V. J., Metts, S., Petronio, S., & Margulis, S. T. (1993). Self-disclosure. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Derlega, V. J., Sherburne, S. P., & Lewis, R. J. (1998). Reactions to an HIV-positive man: Impact of his sexual orientation, cause of infection, and research participants’ gender. AIDS and Behavior, 2, 239–248.
Derlega, V. J., & Winstead, B. A. (2001). HIV-infected person’s attributions for the disclosure and nondisclosure of the seropositive diagnosis to significant others. In V. Manusov & J. H. Harvey (Eds.), Attribution, communication behavior, and close relationships (pp. 266–284). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Derlega, V. J., & Winstead, B. A., & Folk-Barron, L. (2000). Reasons for and against disclosing HIV-seropositive test results to an intimate partner: A functional perspective. In S. Petronio (Ed.), Balancing the secrets of private disclosures (pp. 53–69). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Derlega, V. J., Winstead, B. A., Wong, P. T. P., & Greenspan, M. (1987). Self-disclosure and relationship development: An attributional analysis. In M. E. Roloff & G. R. Miller (Eds.), Interpersonal processes: New directions in communication research (pp. 172–187). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Dindia, K. (1998). “Going into and coming out of the closet”: The dialectics of stigma disclosure. In B. M. Montgomery & L. A. Baxter (Eds.), Dialectical approaches to studying personal relationships (pp. 83–108). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Dindia, K. (2000). Sex differences in self-disclosure, reciprocity of self-disclosure, and self-disclosure and liking: Three meta-analyses reviewed. In S. Petronio (Ed.), Balancing the secrets of private disclosures (pp. 21–35). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Dindia, K. (2002). Self-disclosure research: Knowledge through meta-analysis. In M. Allen, R. W. Preiss, B. M. Gayle, & N. A. Burrell (Eds.), Interpersonal communication research: Advances through meta-analysis (pp. 169–185). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Fitzpatrick, M. A. (1987). Marriage and verbal intimacy. In V. J. Derlega & J. H. Berg (Eds.), Self-disclosure: Theory, research, and therapy (pp. 131–174). New York: Plenum.
Fromm, E. (1956). The art of loving. New York: Harper.
Gable, S. L., Reis, H. T., Impett, E. A., & Asher, E. R. (2004). What do you do when things go right? The intrapersonal and interpersonal benefits of sharing positive events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 228–245.
Greene, K., Derlega, V. J., Yep, G. A., & Petronio, S. (2003). Privacy and disclosure ofHIV in interpersonal relationships: A sourcebook for researchers and practitioners. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Greene, K., & Faulkner, S. L. (2002). Self-disclosure in relationships of HIV-positive African-American adolescent females. Communication Studies, 53, 297–313.
Greene, K., & Serovich, J. M. (1996). Appropriateness of disclosure of HIV testing information: The perspective of PLWAs. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 24, 50–65.
Harvey, J. H., & Omarzu, J. (1997). Minding the close relationship. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1, 224–240.
Hendrick, S. S. (1981). Self-disclosure and marital satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 1150–1159.
Hill, C. T., Rubin, Z., & Peplau, L. A. (1976). Breakups before marriage: The end of 103 affairs. Journal of Social Issues, 32(1), 147–168.
Jones, E. E., & Archer, R. L. (1976). Are there special effects of personalistic self-disclosure? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 12, 180–183.
Jourard, J. M. (1964). The transparent self. New York: Van Nostrand.
Jourard, J. M. (1971a). The transparent self (2nd ed.) New York: Van Nostrand.
Jourard, J. M. (1971b). Self-disclosure: An experimental analysis of the transparent self. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
Kelly, A. E. (2000). Helping construct desirable identities: A self-presentational view of psychotherapy. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 475–494.
Kelly, A. E. (2002). The psychology of secrets. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
Kenny, D. A., & La Voie, L. (1984). The social relations model. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 18, pp. 139–180). New York: Academic Press.
Komarovsky, M. (1962). Blue-collar marriage. New York: Vintage.
Laurenceau, J. P., Feldman Barrett, L., & Pietromonaco, P. R. (1998). Intimacy as an interpersonal process: The importance of self-disclosure, partner disclosure, and perceived partner responsiveness in interpersonal exchanges. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1238–1251.
Lepore, S. J., & Helgeson, V. S. (1998). Social constraints, intrusive thoughts, and mental health after prostate cancer. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 17, 89–106.
Lepore, S. J., Ragan, J. D., & Jones, S. (2000). Talking facilitates cognitive-emotional processes of adaptation to an acute stressor. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 499–508.
Levinger, G., & Snoek, D. J. (1972). Attraction in relationship: A new look at interpersonal attraction. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.
Lippert, T., & Prager, K. J. (2001). Daily experiences of intimacy: A study of couples. Personal Relationships, 8, 283–298.
Manusov, V., & Harvey, J. H. (Eds.). (2001). Attribution, communication behavior, and close relationships. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Margulis, S. T. (2003). On the status and contribution of Westin’s and Altman’s theories of privacy. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 411–429.
McKenna, K. Y. A., Green, A. S., & Gleason, M. E. J. (2002). Relationship formation on the Internet: What’s the big attraction? Journal of Social Issues, 58, 9–31.
Miller, L. C., & Berg, J. H. (1984). Selectivity and urgency in interpersonal exchange. In V. J. Derlega (Ed.), Communication, intimacy, and close relationships (pp. 161–205). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
Miller, L. C., Berg, J. H., & Archer, R. L. (1983). Openers: Individuals who elicit intimate self-disclosure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 1234–1244.
Miller, L. C., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). Reciprocity of self-disclosure at the individual and dyadic levels: A social relations analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 713–719.
Miller, L. C., & Read, S. J. (1987). Why am I telling you this? Self-disclosure in a goal-based model of personality. In V. J. Derlega (Eds.), Self-disclosure: Theory, research, and therapy (pp. 35–58). New York: Plenum.
Omarzu, J. (2000). A disclosure decision model: Determining how and when individuals will self-disclose. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 174–185.
Pennebaker, J. W. (Ed.). (1995). Emotion, disclosure, and health. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Pennebaker, J. W., & O’Heeron, R. C. (1984). Confiding in others and illness rate among spouses of suicide and accidental death victims. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 473–476.
Petronio, S. (1991). Communication boundary management: A theoretical model of managing disclosure of private information between marital couples. Communication Theory, 1, 311–355.
Petronio, S. (2002). Boundaries of privacy: Dialectics of disclosure. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Petronio, S., Reeder, H. M., Hecht, M. L., & Mon’t Ros-Mendoza, T. M. (1996). Disclosure of sexual abuse by children and adolescents. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 24, 181–199.
Prager, K. J. (1995). The psychology of intimacy. New York: Guilford Press.
Reis, H. T., & Patrick, B. C. (1996). Attachment and intimacy: Component processes. In E. T. Higgins & A. W. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 523–563). New York: Guilford Press.
Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. In S. W. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships: Theory, research and interventions (pp. 376–389). Chichester, England: Wiley.
Reis, H. T., Sheldon, K. M., Gable, S. L., Roscoe, J., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). Daily well-being: The role of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 419–435.
Roloff, M. E., & Ifert, D. E. (2000). Conflict management through avoidance: Withholding complaints, suppressing arguments, and declaring topics taboo. In S. Petronio (Ed.), Balancing the secrets of private disclosures (pp. 151–163). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Rosenfeld, L. B. (2000). Overview of the ways privacy, secrecy, and disclosure are balanced in today’s society. In S. Petronio (Ed.), Balancing the secrets of private disclosures (pp. 3–17). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Rubin, Z. (1970). Measurement of romantic love. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 16, 265–273.
Rubin, Z., Hill, C. T., Peplau, L. A., & Dunkel-Schetter, C. (1980). Self-disclosure in dating couples: Sex roles and the ethic of openness. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 42, 305–317.
Schrimshaw, E. W., & Siegel, K. (2002). HIV-infected mothers’ disclosure to their uninfected children: Rates, reasons, and reactions. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 19, 19–43.
Smart, L., & Wegner, D. M. (1999). Covering up what can’t be seen: Concealable stigma and mental control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 474–486.
Vangelisti, A. L. (1994). Family secrets: Forms, functions, and correlates. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11, 113–135.
Vangelisti, A. L., & Caughlin, J. P. (1997). Revealing family secrets: The influence of topic, function, and relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 14, 679–705.
Vangelisti, A. L., Caughlin, J. P., & Timmerman, L. (2001). Criteria for revealing family secrets. Communication Monographs, 68, 1–27.
Waring, E. M. (1987). Self-disclosure in cognitive marital therapy. In V. J. Derlega & J. H. Berg (Eds.), Self-disclosure: Theory, research, and therapy (pp. 283–301). New York: Plenum.
Wegner, D. M., & Lane, J. D. (1995). From secrecy to psychopathology. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp. 25–46). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Werner, C. M., Altman, I., & Brown, B. B. (1992). A transactional approach to interpersonal relations: Physical environment, social context and temporal qualities. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 297–323.
Wortman, C. B., Adesman, P., Herman, E., & Greenberg, R. (1976). Self-disclosure: An attributional perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 184–191.
Yep, G. A., Reece, S., & Negrón, E. L. (2003). Culture and stigma in a bona fide group: An analysis of boundaries and context in a closed support group for Asian Americans living with HIV infection. In L. R. Frey (Ed.), Group communication in context: Studies of bona fide groups (2nd ed., pp. 157–180). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.