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    Wertmann, Patrick Wagner, Mayke and Tarasov, Pavel 2017. Sogdian careers and families in sixth- to seventh-century northern China: a case study of the Shi family based on archaeological finds and epitaph inscriptions. The History of the Family, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 103.

  • Print publication year: 1979
  • Online publication date: March 2008

3 - The founding of the T'ang dynasty: Kao-tsu (reign 618–26)

Li Yuan, the Duke of T'ang and one of the most powerful Sui generals, founded a new dynasty which was to endure for almost three centuries, and would rank alongside the Han as one of China's two golden ages of empire. Li Yuan, temple name, Kao-tsu, ascended the throne himself as the first emperor of a new dynasty, and appointed his eldest son heir apparent. The T'ang occupied the Sui capital, and parts of Shensi and Shansi provinces. Although the T'ang made no systematic effort to tax commerce until the eighth century, from the very beginning of the dynasty they exercised strict control over trade, especially in the major markets of the capital and the prefectural cities. The greatest threat to the T'ang came from the Eastern Turks. Just three days after the Hsuan-wu Gate incident, Li Shih-min was proclaimed heir apparent and took over the actual control of the administration from his father.
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