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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

9 - Bolivia since 1930

from PART THREE - PERU AND BOLIVIA
Summary
The history of Bolivia could be viewed as the history of a small elite whose members were frequently on first-name terms with one another and whose alliances and divisions often had as much to do with private as with public life. The half-century after 1930 was dominated by a series of social convulsions that can hardly be encompassed by an account based on the preoccupations of the Bolivian elites. Patino Mines and Enterprises had risen from its former status as an outstandingly successful Bolivian mining company to a position of strategic dominance in the world tin market. Economic hardship affected the population unevenly. The biggest losers were probably the urban cholos, who lacked real property or foreign trade connections to defend them from the currency depreciation. Just as the Chaco War shaped most of the major developments of the 1930s, so, despite Bolivia's geographical remoteness, the Second World War heavily influenced its internal evolution between 1939 and 1946.
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The Cambridge History of Latin America
  • Volume 8: Latin America since 1930: Spanish South America
  • Edited by Leslie Bethell
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055246
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521266529
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