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    Kreitner, Roy 2010. Biographing Realist Jurisprudence. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 35, Issue. 3, p. 765.

  • Print publication year: 2008
  • Online publication date: November 2008

3 - The American Legal Profession, 1870–2000

The chapter begins with the founding of professional organizations and institutions around 1870 and their growth and development up to 1970. It tells the story of the mixed motives powering the professional reform movements and of their mixed achievements. The history of lawyers is of course much more than the history of their guilds and professional projects. Four major new developments dominated this period: the founding of big-city law firms to service the nation's large corporations, the rise of a plaintiff's personal injury bar, the bar's increasing specialization and segmentation by clienteles as well as by subject matter, and the emergence of public interest lawyering. Traces of the older ideals survived and continued to attract some students, if only a small minority, to the profession of law, having migrated from elite business lawyers to public interest and international human rights lawyers and non-governmental organizations.
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The Cambridge History of Law in America
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054195
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