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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

14 - Urban growth and economic change: from the late seventeenth century to 1841

from Part III - Urban themes and types 1700–1840
Everyone knows that an Industrial Revolution in late eighteenth- century Britain was followed by massive, rapid, urbanisation; that technological change created a world in which people interacted with nature and each other through work in new ways. The energy-based dual economy model has much in common with ideas about the regionally constrained character of economic growth stemming from the theory of proto-industrialisation, which have recently been set against the apparent quiescence of econometrically generated eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century British national statistical series. According to the seventeenth-century estimates, well over a third of the total population already lived in towns. The impression that England was more urbanised than Wales, despite data for the last being over a quarter of a century later, is in line with received wisdom. The archetypal settlement of the conventional Industrial Revolution model of development is a new town of a novel kind, rocketing into growth where water power, ores, coal and other resources were plentiful.
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The Cambridge Urban History of Britain
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053419
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