Skip to main content
  • Print publication year: 1993
  • Online publication date: March 2008

II.5 - Concepts of Heart-Related Diseases

from Part II - Changing Concepts of Health and Disease
Eighteenth-century practitioners published descriptions of coronary heart disease based on patients' reports of characteristic symptoms. People have felt the pulse to diagnose disease since antiquity. The London physician Thomas Lewis analyzed abnormal cardiac rhythms with the electrocardiogram, a new instrument that could record the electrical signals generated by the heart. In a sense, the development of hemodynamic diagnosis was returning full circle to the issues of pressures and volumes in the heart that William Harvey was working with in 1628. Two major forms of heart disease, rheumatic heart disease and endocarditis, related to infectious agents have undergone a dramatic shift in pattern. Treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction has evolved from observing and supporting the patient to attempting to intervene in the disease process itself. The heart continues to have a central place in Western medicine. Cardiologists have become the most powerful subspecialists in internal medicine.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge World History of Human Disease
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053518
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Ackerknecht Erwin H. 1967. Medicine at the Paris hospitals, 1794–1848. Baltimore.
Andy J. J., Bishara F. F., and Soyinka O. O.. 1981. Relation of severe eosinophilia and microfilariasis to chronic African endomyocardial fibrosis. British Heart Journal 45.
Auenbrugger Leopold. 1936 (orig. 1761, trans. Forbes John 1824). On percussion of the chest. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 4.
Bedford D. Evan. 1951. The ancient art of feeling the pulse. British Heart Journal 13.
Biörck Gunnar. 1956. Wartime lessons on arteriosclerotic heart disease from northern Europe. In Cardiovascular epidemiology, ed. Keys Ancel and White Paul D.. New York.
Block Peter C., et al. 1988. A prospective randomized trial of outpatient versus inpatient cardiac catheterization. New England Journal of Medicine 319.
Bourassa Martial G., et al. 1988. Report of the joint ISFC/WHO task force on coronary angioplasty. Circulation 78.
Brett Allan S.. 1989. Treating hypercholesterolemia: How should physicians interpret the published data for patients?New England Journal of Medicine 321.
Burch G. E., and Pasquale N. P.. 1964. A history of electrocardiography. Chicago.
Chazov E., Oganov R. G., and Perova N. V., eds. 1987. Preventive cardiology. Proceedings of the International Conference on Preventive Cardiology, Moscow, June 23–6, 1987. London.
Cherubin C. E., and Neu H. C.. 1971. Infective endocarditis at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City from 1938–1967. American Journal of Medicine 51.
Criqui Michael H.. 1987. The roles of alcohol in the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease. Acta Medica Scandanavia, Suppl., 717.
Davidson N. M., and Parry E. H. O.. 1978. Peri-partum cardiac failure. Quarterly Journal of Medicine, New Ser., 47.
Davies J.N.P. 1956. Endomyocardial fibrosis. In Cardiovascular epidemiology, ed. Keys Ancel and White Paul D.. New York.
DeVries William C.. 1988. The permanent artificial heart: Four case reports. Journal of the American Medical Association 259.
Dimsdale Joel E.. 1988. A perspective on Type A behavior and coronary disease. New England Journal of Medicine 318.
Dock George. 1939. Historical notes on coronary occlusion: From Dock to Osier. Journal of the American Medical Association 113.
Dodu R. A. Silas. 1988. Emergence of cardiovascular disease in developing countries. Cardiology 75.
Farrar David J., et al. 1988. Heterotopic prosthetic ventricles as a bridge to cardiac transplantation: A multicenter study in 29 patients. New England Journal of Medicine 318.
Fishman Alfred P., and Richards Dickinson W. Jr. 1964. Circulation of the blood: Men and ideas. New York.
Forssmann Werner. 1974. Experiments on myself: Memoirs of a surgeon in Germany, trans. Davies Hilary. New York.
Fowler M. B., and Schroeder John S.. 1986. Current status of cardiac transplantation. Modern Concepts of Cardiovascular Disease 55.
Fox Renée C., and Swazey Judith P.. 1970. The clinical moratorium: A case study of mitral valve surgery. In Experimentation with human subjects, ed. Freund Paul A.. New York.
Fragomeni Luis Sergio, and Kaye Michael P.. 1988. The Registry of the International Society for Heart Transplantation: Fifth Official Report –1988. Journal of Heart Transplantation 7.
Frank Robert. 1988. The telltale heart: Physiological instruments, graphic methods, and clinical hopes, 1854–1914. In The investigative enterprise: Experimental physiology in nineteenth-century medicine, ed. Coleman William and Holmes Frederick L.. Berkeley and Los Angeles.
Fye W. Bruce. 1985a. Cardiology in 1885. Circulation 72.
Fye W. Bruce. 1985b. The delayed diagnosis of myocardial infarction: It took half a century!Circulation 72.
Goldman Lee, and Cook Francis E.. 1984. The decline in ischemic heart disease mortality rates: An analysis of the comparative effect of medical intervention and changes in lifestyle. Annals of Internal Medicine 101.
Hall A. Rupert. 1960. Studies on the history of the cardiovascular system. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 34.
Harvey William. 1928 (orig. 1628, trans. Keynes G. L.). An anatomical disquitation on the motion of the heart and blood in animals (De motu cordis). London.
Heberden William. 1941 (1772). Account of a disorder of the breast. In Classics of cardiology, Vol. 1, ed. Willius Frederick A. and Keys Thomas E.. New York.
Hill J. D., Hampton J. R., and Mitchell J. R. A.. 1979. Home or hospital for myocardial infarction: Who cares?American Heart Journal 98.
Hirsch A. 1883. Handbook of geographical and historical pathology, Vol. 1, trans. Creighton C.. London.
Howell Joel D. 1984. Early perceptions of the electrocardiogram: From arrhythmia to infarction. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 58.
Howell Joel D. 1985. “Soldier’s heart”: The redefinition of heart disease and specialty formation in early twentieth-century Great Britain. Medical History, Suppl. No. 5.
Howell Joel D. 1988. Hearts and minds: The invention and transformation of American cardiology. In Grand rounds: One hundred years of internal medicine, ed. Maulitz Russell C. and Long Diana E.. Philadelphia.
Johnson Stephen L. 1970. The history of cardiac surgery, 1896–1955. Baltimore.
Keys Ancel. 1980. Seven countries: A multivariate analysis of death and coronary heart disease. Cambridge, Mass.
Laennec R. T. H. 1821. A treatise on diseases of the chest, trans. Forbes John. London.
Lawrence Christopher. 1985. Moderns and ancients: The “new cardiology” in Britain, 1880–1930. Medical History, Suppl. No. 5.
Leaf Alexander. 1989. Management of hypercholesterolemia: Are preventive interventions advisable?New England Journal of Medicine 321.
Leibowitz J. O. 1970. The history of coronary heart disease. London.
Lewis Thomas. 1925. The mechanism and graphic registration of the heart beat. London.
Liss Ronald Sandor. 1967. The history of heart surgery in the United States (1938–1960). Zurich.
MacMurray Frank G. 1957. Stokes-Adams disease: A historical review. New England Journal of Medicine 256.
Marmot M. G., and Syme S. L.. 1976. Acculturation and coronary heart disease in Japanese-Americans. American Journal of Epidemiology 104.
McKenzie James. 1902. The study of the pulse, arterial, venous, and hepatic, and the movements of the heart. Edinburgh.
Mitchell S. Weir. 1971 (orig. 1891). The early history of instrumental precision in medicine. New York.
. 1988. Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. Archives of Internal Medicine 148.
Olsen Eckhardt G. J., and Spry Christopher J. F.. 1985. Relation between eosinophilia and endomyocardial disease. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 27.
Payer Lynn. 1988. Medicine and culture: Varieties of treatment in the United States, England, West Germany, and France. New York.
Pernick Martin S. 1988. Back from the grave: Recurring controversies over defining and diagnosing death in history. In Death: Beyond whole-brain criteria, ed. Zaner Richard M.. Dordrecht.
Pisa Z., and Uemura K.. 1982. Trends of mortality from ischaemic heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases in 27 countries, 1968–1977. World Health Statistics Quarterly 35.
Ragland David R., and Brand Richard J.. 1988. Type A behavior and mortality from coronary heart disease. New England Journal of Medicine 318.
Renlund Dale G. et al. 1987. Medicare-designated centers for cardiac transplantation. New England Journal of Medicine 316.
Roberts Stewart R. 1932. Nervous and mental influences in angina pectoris. American Heart Journal 7.
Rose G., and Marmot M. G.. 1981. Social class and coronary heart disease. British Heart Journal 45.
Shaper A. G., Hutt M. S. R., and Fejfar Z., eds. 1974. Cardiovascular disease in the tropics. London.
Shaper A. G., Wannamethee Goyas, and Walker Mary. 1988. Alcohol and mortality in British men: Explaining the U-shaped curve. Lancet 2.
Smith Dale C. 1978. Austin Flint and auscultation in America. Journal of the History of Medicine 33.
Stallones Reuel A. 1980. The rise and fall of ischemic heart disease. Scientific American 243.
. 1988. Immediate vc delayed catheterization and angioplasty following thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. Journal of the American Medical Association 260.
Topol Eric J. 1988. Coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction. Annals of Internal Medicine 109.
Townsend Gary L. 1967. Sir John Floyer (1649–1734) and his study of pulse and respiration. Journal of the History of Medicine 22.
Weiss Morris W. 1939. The problem of angina pectoris in the negro. American Heart Journal 17.
. 1988. The World Health Organization MONICA Project (Monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease): A major international collaboration. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 41.
Williams Richard Allen. 1987. Coronary artery disease in blacks. Journal of Clinical Hypertension 3.
. 1982. Prevention of coronary heart disease. Technical Report Series No. 678. Geneva.
. 1988. Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Technical Report Series No. 764. Geneva.
Ying-kai Wu, Zhao-su Wu, and Chong-hua Yao. 1983. Epidemiological studies of cardiovascular diseases in China. Chinese Medical Journal 96.