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  • Cited by 67
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gao, Mengyu Miranda Du, Han Davies, Patrick T. and Cummings, E. Mark 2018. Marital Conflict Behaviors and Parenting: Dyadic Links Over Time. Family Relations,

    Tan, Evelyn S. McIntosh, Jennifer E. Kothe, Emily J. Opie, Jessica E. and Olsson, Craig A. 2018. Couple relationship quality and offspring attachment security: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Attachment & Human Development, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 349.

    Harold, Gordon T. and Sellers, Ruth 2018. Annual Research Review: Interparental conflict and youth psychopathology: an evidence review and practice focused update. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 59, Issue. 4, p. 374.

    Levesque, Roger J. R. 2018. Encyclopedia of Adolescence. p. 2221.

    Kouros, Chrystyna D. Pruitt, Megan M. Ekas, Naomi V. Kiriaki, Romilyn and Sunderland, Megan 2017. Helicopter Parenting, Autonomy Support, and College Students’ Mental Health and Well-being: The Moderating Role of Sex and Ethnicity. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 939.

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    Ai, Ting Xu, Qihui Li, Xian and Li, Dongping 2017. Interparental Conflict and Chinese Adolescents’ Suicide Ideation and Suicide attempts: The Mediating Role of Peer Victimization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 26, Issue. 12, p. 3502.

    Koçak, Aylin Mouratidis, Athanasios Sayıl, Melike Kındap-Tepe, Yeliz and Uçanok, Zehra 2017. Interparental Conflict and Adolescents’ Relational Aggression and Loneliness: The Mediating Role of Maternal Psychological Control. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 26, Issue. 12, p. 3546.

    Davies, Patrick T. Martin, Meredith J. and Sturge-Apple, Melissa L. 2016. Developmental Psychopathology. p. 1.

    Kelley, Michelle L. Braitman, Abby L. Milletich, Robert J. Hollis, Brittany F. Parsons, Rachel E. White, Tyler D. Patterson, Cassie A. Haislip, Brianna N. and Henson, James M. 2016. Acceptability of aggression among children who reside with substance-abusing parents: The influence of behavioral dysregulation, exposure to neighborhood violence, and interparental violence. Journal of Child Custody, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 250.

    Baker, Amy J. L. and Verrocchio, Maria Christina 2016. Exposure to Parental Alienation and Subsequent Anxiety and Depression in Italian Adults. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 44, Issue. 5, p. 255.

    Rabinowitz, Jill A. Drabick, Deborah A. G. and Reynolds, Maureen D. 2016. Family Conflict Moderates the Relation Between Negative Mood and Youth Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 25, Issue. 12, p. 3574.

    Zemp, Martina Bodenmann, Guy Backes, Sabine Sutter-Stickel, Dorothee and Revenson, Tracey A. 2016. The Importance of Parents' Dyadic Coping for Children. Family Relations, Vol. 65, Issue. 2, p. 275.

    Kalmijn, Matthijs 2016. Father–Child Contact, Interparental Conflict, and Depressive Symptoms among Children of Divorced Parents. European Sociological Review, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 68.

    Newland, Rebecca P. Ciciolla, Lucia and Crnic, Keith A. 2015. Crossover Effects Among Parental Hostility and Parent–Child Relationships During the Preschool Period. Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 24, Issue. 7, p. 2107.

    Davies, Patrick T. and Cummings, E. Mark 2015. Developmental Psychopathology. p. 86.

    Solmeyer, Anna R. Feinberg, Mark E. Coffman, Donna L. and Jones, Damon E. 2014. The Effects of the Family Foundations Prevention Program on Coparenting and Child Adjustment: A Mediation Analysis. Prevention Science, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, p. 213.

    Zemp, Martina Bodenmann, Guy and Beach, Steven R.H. 2014. Interparental conflict impairs children’s short-termed attention performance. Family Science, Vol. 5, Issue. 1, p. 43.

    Bernier, Annie Jarry-Boileau, Véronique and Lacharité, Carl 2014. Marital Satisfaction and Quality of Father–Child Interactions: The Moderating Role of Child Gender. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, Vol. 175, Issue. 2, p. 105.

    Lacinová, Lenka Michalčáková, Radka and Bouša, Ondřej 2013. Interparental conflict appraisal and general fearfulness in middle adolescence. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 29.

  • Print publication year: 2001
  • Online publication date: May 2010

3 - Does Gender Moderate the Effects of Marital Conflict on Children?


Although exposure to high levels of marital conflict increases children's susceptibility to psychological maladjustment, the modest magnitude of the risk and the considerable heterogeneity in children's outcomes have precipitated the development of multivariate models designed to explicate conditions that moderate the risk of marital conflict. As part of this process, child and parent gender are assuming increasingly prominent roles as sources of the variability in child outcomes. The evolution of gender in models of interparental relations is underscored by the distinction between two generations of marital conflict research (Fincham, 1994). A first generation of research has focused on documenting an association between marital and child functioning. Within this generation of research, gender has either been commonly treated as a nuisance variable that is statistically controlled, pooled in primary analyses, or eliminated by design (e.g., exclusive focus on boys) (Davies & Windle, 1997; Johnson & O'Leary, 1987), or examined as a main effect (e.g., examining mean differences between boys and girls in the levels of exposure to interparental conflict). However, these main effects models fail to address a critical task of understanding how and why child gender may alter the association between marital conflict and child adjustment (Fincham, Grych, & Osborne, 1994; Kerig, Fedorowicz, Brown, Patenaude, & Warren, 1998).

A fundamental aim of the second generation of research is to specify the precise conditions that exacerbate or attenuate the risk posed by marital conflict (i.e., moderator models).

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Interparental Conflict and Child Development
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