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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: March 2011

7 - The new transnationalism: globalising Islamic movements

This chapter provides a brief history of Islamic transnationalism and also outlines a typology of contemporary transnational Islam. It identifies the major categories of Muslim actors whose work and activities transcend national boundaries, including intergovernmental and state-sponsored organisations, educational institutions, intellectual and scholarly networks, non-governmental organisations, political parties, radical groups, pietistic and mystical brotherhoods and key individual personalities. Sufi networks, perhaps the most historically durable form of Muslim transnationalism, have existed since the second century following the death of the Prophet. Since the 1950s, there have emerged a number of radical Islamist movements whose aspirations are not defined in national terms but rather in terms of a renewed global Muslim polity. The chapter finally explains the significance of contemporary Muslim transnationalism for wider Islamic history by identifying several key themes around Muslim identity, the reconfiguration of religious authority and Islamic alternatives to globalisation.
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The New Cambridge History of Islam
  • Volume 6: Muslims and Modernity: Culture and Society since 1800
  • Edited by Robert W. Hefner
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055925
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