Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Church, Sally K. 2018. The Eurasian Silk Road: Its historical roots and the Chinese imagination. Cambridge Journal of Eurasian Studies, Vol. 2, Issue. , p. XW4ESF.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 1986
  • Online publication date: March 2008

10 - The economic and social history of Former Han

Summary
This chapter discusses social and economic conditions in China under the Han dynasty when the unified, centralized state that had been achieved by the short-lived Ch'in empire was consolidated into a permanent form which lasted-allowing only for the short break caused by the Hsin dynasty of Wang Mang, for some four centuries. The succeeding Han empire inherited the results of the social, economic, and administrative changes which had taken place over the preceding centuries. The Han founder Liu Pang, Kao-ti, was of peasant origins, having been born and brought up in Chung-yang li of Feng-i in P'ei-hsien. From the point of view of agriculture, the country may be divided into two main regions, north and south China, separated by the eastward-flowing Huai River and in the west by the Ch'in-ling Mountains. During the Han dynasty, agriculture along the Yangtze was greatly inferior in productivity to that of north China.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of China
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054737
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521243278
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Balazs, Étienne. “Political philosophy and social crisis at the end of the Han dynasty.” In his Chinese civilization and bureaucracy: Variations on a theme, trans. Wright, H. M., ed. Wright, Arthur F.. New Haven and London: Yale Univ. Press, 1964.
Bielenstein, Hans. “Lo-yang in Later Han times.Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 48 (1976). [abbreviation: “Lo-yang”]
Chang, Kwang-chih. The archaeology of ancient China. 3rd ed. New Haven and London: Yale Univ. Press, 1977.
Dubs, Homer H. The History of the Former Han dynasty. 3 vols. Baltimore: Waverly Press, 1938–55. [abbreviation: HFHD]
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. “Estate and family management in the Later Han as seen in the Monthly instructions for the four classes of people”. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 17 (1974). [abbreviation: “Estate and family management”]
Gale, Esson M., Boodberg, Peter A., and Lin, T. C.. “Discourses on salt and iron (Yen T'ieh Lun: chaps. XX-XXVIII).” Journal of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 65 (1934). Rpt. Taipei: Ch'engwen Publishing Co., 1967. [abbreviation: Gale, , “Discourses” (1934)]
Herzer, Christine. “Das Szu-min yüeh-ling des Ts'ui Shih: Ein Bauern-Kalender aus der Späteren Han-Zeit.” Diss. Hamburg Univ., 1963.
Hotaling, Stephen James. “The city walls of Han Ch'ang-an.” T'oung Pao, 64: 1–3 (1978).
Hsia, Wei-ying. Lü-shin ch'un-ch'iu shang-nung teng ssu p'ien chiao-shih. Peking: Chung-hua Shu-chü, 1956.
Hulsewé, A. F. P. China in Central Asia: The early stage 125 B.C.–A.D. 23, with an introduction by M. A. N. Loewe. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1979. [abbreviation: China in central Asia (see Hulsewé, )]
Hulsewé, A. F. P.Quelques considérations sur le commerce de la soie au temps de la dynastie des Han.” In Mélanges de Sinologie offerts à Monsieur P. Demiéville. Bibliothèque de l'Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises, Vol. XX. Paris: Bibliothèque de l'Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises, 1974, Vol. II. [abbreviation: “Quelques considérations”]
Katō, Shigeshi (Shigeru). Shiki Heijunsho, Kanjo Shokkashi yakuchū,. Tokyo: Iwanami, 1942.
Koga, Noboru. “Kan Chōanjō no kensetsu puran: Sempaku kinkyō seido to no kankei o chūshin to shite” :. Tōyō shi kenkyū, 31: 2 (September 1972).
Kroll, J. L.Toward a study of the economic views of Sang Hung-yang.” Early China, 4 (1978–79).
Li, Chien-nung. Hsien-Ch'in liang Han ching-chi shih kao. Peking: Sheng-huo, Tu-shu, Hsin-chih San-lien Shu-tien, 1957.
Loewe, Michael. “The campaigns of Han Wu-ti.” In Chinese ways in warfare, eds. Kierman, Frank A. Jr., and Fairbank, John K.. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1974. [abbreviation: “Campaigns of Han Wu-ti”]
Loewe, Michael. Crisis and conflict in Han China. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1974. [abbreviation Crisis and conflict]
Loewe, Michael. “The orders of aristocratic rank of Han China.” T'oung Pao, 48: (1960). [abbreviation: “Aristocratic ranks”]
Loewe, Michael. Records of Han administration. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1967. [abbreviation: Records]
Miyazaki, Ichisada. “Shin Butei no kochōshiki ni tsuite”. In Ajiashi Kenkyū (Studies in Oriental History) no. 1 (Asiatica: Studies in Oriental History; Oriental Research Series, no. 4, part 1). Kyoto: Tōyōshi Kenkyūkai, 1957.
Nishijima, Sadao. “Characteristics of the unified states of Ch'in and Han.” In Proceedings of the XIIe Congrès International des Sciences Historiques. Vienna, 1965. (Rapports: II).
Nishijima, Sadao. Chūgoku kzizaishi kenkyū. Tokyo: Tōkyō Daigaku Shuppankai, 1966.
Nishijima, Sadao. Chūgoku kodai no shakai to keizai. Tokyo: Tōkyō Daigaku Shuppankai, 1981.
Nunome, Chōfū. “Hansen hankoku ron”. Ritsumeikan bungaku, 148 (1967).
P'eng, Hsin-wei. Chung-kuo huo-pi shih. 2 vols. Shanghai: Ch'ün-lien Ch'u-pan-she, 1958.
Pokora, Timoteus. Hsin-lun {New treatise) and other writings by HUM T'an (43 B.C.–28 A.D.). Michigan papers in Chinese studies, no. 20. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, Univ. of Michigan, 1975. [abbreviation: Hsin-lun]
Rashke, Manfred G.New studies in Roman commerce with the east.” In Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, Geschichte und Kultur Koms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung II, 9, eds. Temporini, Hildegard and Haase, Wolfgang. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1978, Part 2. [abbreviation: “New studies in Roman commerce”]
Shigeshi, KatōShina kodensei no kenkyū’, in his Shina keizaisbi kōshō (Tokyo, 1952–53), Vol. I..
Sheng-han, Shih. Fan Sheng-chih shu. References are to Fan Sheng-chih shu chin-shih (ch'u kao). Peking: K'o-hsüeh Ch'u-pan-she, 1956. An English version of this book has appeared under the title On “Fan Sheng-chih shu”: An agriculturist book of China written by Fan Sheng-chih in the first century B.C. Peking: Science Press, 1959.
Su, Ch'eng-chien. Hou-Han Shih-huo-chih ch'ang-pien. Shanghai: Shang-wu Yin-shu-kuan, 1947.
Swann, Nancy Lee. Food and money in ancient China. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1950.
Tarn, W. W. The Greeks in Bactria and India. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1951.
Ts'ui, Shih. Ssu-min yūeh-ling. References are to Shih Sheng-han. Ssu-min yūeh-ling chiao-chu. Peking: Chung-hua Shu-chü, 1965.
Twitchett, D. C. Financial administration under the T'ang dynasty. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1963; 2nd ed., 1970. [abbreviation: Financial administration]
Utsunomiya, Kiyoyoshi. Kandai shakai keizaishi kenkyū. Tokyo: Kobund¯, 1955.
Walter, Georges. Chine, An—81: Dispute sur le set et lefer, Yantie lun. Introduction Walter, Georges, trans. Baudry-Weulersse, Delphine, Levi, Jean, Baudry, Pierre, in collaboration with Walter, Georges. Paris: J. Lanzmann and Seghers, 1978.
Wang, Chung-shu. “Chūgoku kodai tojōsei gairon”. In Nara Heian no miyako to Chōan, ed. Sadao, Nishijima. Tokyo: Shdgakukan, 1983.
Watanabe, Takashi. “Bokka no shudan to sono shisōShigaku zasshi, 70: 10 (1964) ; 70: 11 (1964).
Wilbur, Clarence Martin. Slavery in China during the Former Han Dynasty. Chicago Field Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Series, Vol. XXXIV. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1943. [abbreviation: Slavery in China]
, Ying-shih. Trade and expansion in Han China: A study in the structure of Sino-barbarian economic relations Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univ. of California Press, 1967. [abbreviation: Trade and expansion]
Yang, Lien-sheng. Money and credit in China: A short history. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1952. [abbreviation: Money and credit]
Yang, Lien-sheng. “Numbers and units in Chinese economic history.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 12 (1949). Reprinted in his Studies in Chinese institutional history. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1961. [abbreviation: “Numbers and units”]