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Relationship between symptom dimensions and white matter alterations in obsessive-compulsive disorder

  • Michiyo Yagi (a1) (a2), Yoshiyuki Hirano (a1) (a2) (a3), Michiko Nakazato (a1) (a2), Kiyotaka Nemoto (a4), Kazuhiro Ishikawa (a5), Chihiro Sutoh (a3) (a6), Haruko Miyata (a1), Junko Matsumoto (a7), Koji Matsumoto (a8), Yoshitada Masuda (a8), Takayuki Obata (a1) (a3), Masaomi Iyo (a9), Eiji Shimizu (a1) (a2) (a3) (a6) and Akiko Nakagawa (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the relationship between the severities of symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and white matter alterations.

Methods

We applied tract-based spatial statistics for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) acquired by 3T magnetic resonance imaging. First, we compared fractional anisotropy (FA) between 20 OCD patients and 30 healthy controls (HC). Then, applying whole brain analysis, we searched the brain regions showing correlations between the severities of symptom dimensions assessed by Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised and FA in all participants. Finally, we calculated the correlations between the six symptom dimensions and multiple DTI measures [FA, axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD), mean diffusivity (MD)] in a region-of-interest (ROI) analysis and explored the differences between OCD patients and HC.

Results

There were no between-group differences in FA or brain region correlations between the severities of symptom dimensions and FA in any of the participants. ROI analysis revealed negative correlations between checking severity and left inferior frontal gyrus white matter and left middle temporal gyrus white matter and a positive correlation between ordering severity and right precuneus in FA in OCD compared with HC. We also found negative correlations between ordering severity and right precuneus in RD, between obsessing severities and right supramarginal gyrus in AD and MD, and between hoarding severity and right insular gyrus in AD.

Conclusion

Our study supported the hypothesis that the severities of respective symptom dimensions are associated with different patterns of white matter alterations.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Yoshiyuki Hirano, Research Center for Child Mental Development, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan. Tel: +81-43-226-2975; Fax: +81-43-226-8588; E-mail: hirano@chiba-u.jp

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