Adshead, G. (2001) Murmurs of discontent: treatment and treatability of personality disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 7, 407–415.
American Psychiatric Association (2002) Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders. Washington, DC: APA.
Bateman, A. & Fonagy, P. (1999) The effectiveness of partial hospitalisation in the treatment of borderline personality disorder: a randomised controlled trial. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1563–1569.
Chiesa, M., Fonagy, P., Holmes, J.
et al (2002) Health service utilisation costs by personality disorder following specialist and non-specialist treatment: a comparative study. Journal of Personality Disorders, 16, 160–173.
Davison, S. E. (2002) Principles of managing patients with personality disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 8, 1–9.
Fagin, L. (2004) Management of personality disorders in acute in-patient settings. Part 2: Less-common personality disorders. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 10, 100–106.
Gabbard, G. O. (2000) Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Clinical Practice. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Gallop, R. (1992) Self-destructive and impulsive behaviour in the patient with a borderline personality disorder: rethinking hospital treatment and management. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 6, 178–182.
Gunderson, J. (2001) Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Hendin, H. (1981) Psychotherapy and suicide. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 35, 469–480.
Kaplan, C. A. (1986) The challenge of working with patients diagnosed as having a borderline personality disorder. Nursing Clinics of North America, 21, 429–438.
Kullgren, G. (1988) Factors associated with completed suicide in borderline personality disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 176, 40–44.
Linehan, M. M., Armstrong, H. E., Suarez, A.
et al (1991) Cognitive–behavioural treatment of chronically parasuicidal borderline patients. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 1060–1064.
Matsberger, J. (1999) Countertransference in the treatment of the suicidal borderline patient. In Countertransference Issues in Psychiatric Treatment (ed. Gabbard, G. O.) Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Mulder, R. T. (2002) Personality disorder and treatment outcome in major depression: a review. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 408–411.
National Institute for Mental Health in England (2003) Personality Disorder: No Longer a Diagnosis of Exclusion. Policy Implementation Guidance for the Development of Services for People with Personality Disorder. London: Department of Health. http://www.nimhe.org.uk/downloads/PDFinal.pdf
Nehls, N. (1994a) Brief hospital treatment plans: innovations in practice and research. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 15, 1–11.
Nehls, N. (1994b) Brief hospital treatment plans for persons with borderline personality disorder. Perspectives of in-patient psychiatric nurses and community mental health centre clinicians. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 8, 303–311.
Norton, K. & Dolan, B. (1995) Acting out and the institutional response. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 6, 317–332.
Norton, K. & Hinshelwood, R. D. (1996) Severe personality disorder. Treatment issues and selection for in-patient psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 723–731.
O'Brien, L. (1998) Inpatient nursing care of patients with borderline personality disorder. A review of the literature. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 7, 172–183.
Piccinino, S. (1990) The nursing care challenge: borderline patients. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 28, 22–27.
Rouse, J. D. (1994) Borderline and other dramatic personality disorders in the psychiatric emergency service. Psychiatric Annals, 24, 598–602.
Sederer, L. & Thornbeck, J. (1986) First do no harm: short term inpatient psychotherapy of the borderline patient. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 37, 692–697.
Stone, M. H. (1990) The Fate of Borderline Patients. New York: Guilford.
Wester, J. M. (1991) Rethinking inpatient treatment of borderline patients. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 27, 17–20.