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  • Cited by 4
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Manfredini, Matteo and Breschi, Marco 2013. Living Arrangements and the Elderly: An Analysis of Old-Age Mortality by Household Structure in Casalguidi, 1819–1859. Demography, Vol. 50, Issue. 5, p. 1593.

    Lesén, Eva Andersson, Karolina Petzold, Max and Carlsten, Anders 2010. Socioeconomic determinants of psychotropic drug utilisation among elderly: a national population-based cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,

    Samonis, George Giannousi, Zoe Varbobitis, Ioannis C. Sardi, Thalia A. Falagas, Matthew E. and Falagas, Matthew E. 2009. Family Support of Elderly Patients Hospitalized in a Public Tertiary Hospital in Greece: A Prospective Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 57, Issue. 7, p. 1302.

    Pizzetti, Paola and Manfredini, Matteo 2007. “The shock of widowhood”? Evidence from an Italian population (Parma, 1989–2000). Social Indicators Research, Vol. 85, Issue. 3, p. 499.


Variations in late-age mortality by household structure and marital status in Parma, Italy

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 22 April 2005

The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between household structure and mortality at older ages in Parma, Italy. The household is an important setting for older people's social roles and social relations and its composition has a strong association with their health. The study examines 57,830 people aged 65 or more years drawn from the population registers of Parma (Italy). Record linkage from 1989 to 2000 was carried out using their unique identification numbers. Through the linked records, it was possible to follow changes in each person's and family's history provided they remained resident in Parma. The descriptive analyses show that elderly women were more likely than men to live alone, probably on account of their higher longevity. Only 10 per cent of elderly men lived alone, as compared with 32 per cent of older women. Nonetheless, the survival curves demonstrate that up to the age of 80 years, women living alone experienced lower mortality than those living with partners. A logistic regression model based on ‘event history analysis’ was performed using the longitudinal data. The results suggest that being married provides a protective role against mortality in later life only for men. It is possible that elderly women who take care of a husband or relatives do not care for themselves (or their health), as do older women who live alone.

Corresponding author
Department of Genetics, Anthropology and Evolution, University of Parma, Viale delle Scienze 11/A – 43100 Parma, Italy e-mail:
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Ageing & Society
  • ISSN: 0144-686X
  • EISSN: 1469-1779
  • URL: /core/journals/ageing-and-society
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