Skip to main content

Breeding Technologies in U.S. Meat Goat Production: Who are the Adopters and How Does Adoption Impact Productivity?

  • Jeffrey Gillespie (a1), Berdikul Qushim (a1), Narayan Nyaupane (a2) and Kenneth McMillin (a3)

Adoption of advanced breeding technologies and management practices (BTMP) in U.S. meat goat production and their impact were examined. Adopters generally had larger-scale operations, used rotational grazing and/or dry lot systems, and sold larger percentages of animals for breeding and show purposes. Farmer demographics and farm variables also influenced adoption. Complementarity of adoption was found—adopters of one BTMP tended to adopt other BTMPs. Measures of productivity and profitability were not affected by adoption. Goat breed, farmer experience, production system used, and specialization influenced productivity, and farm size had the greatest influence on enterprise profitability.

Corresponding author
Correspondence: Jeffrey Gillespie Agricultural Center 101 Martin D. Woodin Hall Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, LA 70803 Phone 225.578.2759 Email
Hide All
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. 2005. “The Goat Industry: Structure, Concentration, Demand, and Growth.APHIS, Washington, DC. Available at (accessed May 30, 2014).
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. 2011. “Small-scale U.S. Goat Operations.APHIS, Washington, DC. Available at (accessed May 30, 2014).
Cameron, A.C., and Trivedi, P.K. 2009. Microeconometrics Using Stata. College Station, TX: Stata Press.
Cochrane, W. 1958. Farm Prices: Myth and Reality. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Archive Editions.
Coffey, L. 2005. “General Overview.” In Gipson, T.A., Merkel, R.C., Williams, K., and Sahlu, T., eds., Meat Goat Production Handbook. Langston, OK: Langston University.
Dillman, D., Smyth, J.D., and Christian, L.M. 2009. Internet, Mail, and Mixed-mode Surveys: The Tailored Design Method (3rd edition). New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.
Dunn, B., Nyaupane, N., Gillespie, J., and McMillin, K. 2015. “Reasons for U.S. Producer Selection of a Goat Enterprise.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Agricultural Economics Association, Atlanta, GA.
Ekanem, E., Singh, S., Tegegne, F., Browning, R., and Mafuyai-Ekanem, M. 2011. “Meat Goat Marketing Research at Tennessee State University.Journal of Food Distribution Research 62(1): 131.
Feder, G., Just, R., and Zilberman, D. 1985. “Adoption of Agricultural Innovations in Developing Countries: A Survey.Economic Development and Cultural Change 33(2): 255298.
Gillespie, J., Davis, C., and Rahelizatovo, N. 2004. “Factors Influencing the Adoption of Breeding Technologies in U.S. Hog Production.Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 36(1): 3548.
Gillespie, J., Nyaupane, N., and McMillin, K. 2013. “Producer Perceptions of Important Challenges Currently Facing the U.S. Meat Goat Industry.The Professional Animal Scientist 29(4): 333344.
Greene, W.H. 2000. Econometric Analysis (4th edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Griliches, Z. 1957. “Hybrid Corn: An Exploration in the Economics of Technological Change.Econometrica 25(4): 501522.
Hart, S. 2011. “Meat Goat Nutrition.Proceedings of the 26th Annual Goat Field Day. Langston, OK: Langston University American Institute for Goat Research. Available at (accessed September 2015).
Hausman, J.A. 1978. “Specification Tests in Econometrics.Econometrica 46(6): 12511271.
Howley, P., Donoghue, C.O., and Heanue, K. 2012. “Factors Affecting Farmers’ Adoption of Agricultural Innovations: A Panel Data Analysis of the Use of Artificial Insemination among Dairy Farmers in Ireland.Journal of Agricultural Science 4(6): 171179.
Ibrahim, M. 2011. “Consumer Willingness to Pay a Premium for Halal Goat Meat: A Case from Atlanta, Georgia.Journal of Food Distribution Research 42(1): 7376.
Johnson, N.L., and Ruttan, V.W. 1997. “The Diffusion of Livestock Breeding Technology in the United States: Observations on the Relationship between Technical Change and Industry Structure.Journal of Agribusiness 15(1): 1935.
Kennedy, P.E. 2003. A Guide to Econometrics (5th edition). Boston, MA: MIT Press.
Khanal, A.R., and Gillespie, J. 2013. “Adoption and Productivity of Breeding Technologies: Evidence from U.S. Dairy Farms.AgBioForum 16(1): 5365.
Khanal, A., Gillespie, J., and MacDonald, J. 2010. “Adoption of Technology, Management Practices, and Production Systems in U.S. Milk Production.Journal of Dairy Science 93(12): 60126022.
Kiviet, J.F. 2012. “Monte Carlo Simulation for Econometricians.Foundations and Trends in Econometrics 5(1/2): 1181.
McBride, W, Short, S., and El-Osta, H. 2004. “The Adoption and Impact of Bovine Somatotropin on U.S. Dairy Farms.Review of Agricultural Economics 26(4): 472488.
McFadden, D.L. 1974. “Conditional Logit Analysis of Qualitative Choice Analysis.” In Zarembka, P., ed., Frontiers in Econometrics. New York, NY: Academic Press.
National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2012a. Agricultural Statistics. NASS, Washington, DC.
National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2012b. “2012 Census of Agriculture - United States Data, 2012.NASS, Washington, DC.
Pruitt, R., Gillespie, J., Nehring, R., and Qushim, B. 2012. “Adoption of Technology, Management Practices, and Production Systems by U.S. Beef Cow-calf Producers.Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 44(2): 203222.
Ramsey, R., Doye, D., Ward, C., McGrann, J., Falconer, L., and Bevers, S. 2005. “Factors Affecting Beef Cow-herd Costs, Production, and Profits.Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 37(1): 9199.
Shurley, M., and Craddock, F. 2005. “U.S. Meat Goat Industry: Past, Present, and Future.Presentation at the Gathering of Goat Producers IV, Seguin, TX. Available at (accessed March 21, 2014).
Tauer, L.W. 2009. “Estimation of Treatment Effects of Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin Using Matching Samples.Review of Agricultural Economics 31(3): 411423.
Wade, T. 2005. “Advanced Goat Reproduction Methods and Techniques.” In Gipson, T.A., Merkel, R.C., Williams, K., and Sahlu, T., eds., Meat Goat Production Handbook. Langston, OK: Langston University.
Ward, C.E., Vestal, M.K., Doye, D.G., and Lalman, D.L. 2008. “Factors Affecting Adoption of Cow-calf Production Practices in Oklahoma.Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 40(3): 851863.
Wildeus, S. 2005. “Goat Reproduction.” In Gipson, T.A., Merkel, R.C., Williams, K., and Sahlu, T., eds., Meat Goat Production Handbook. Langston, OK: Langston University.
Willimack, D., Schuman, H., Pennell, B., and Lepkowski, J. 1995. “Effects of Pre-paid Nonmonetary Incentives on Response Rates and Response Quality in Face to Face Surveys.Public Opinion Quarterly 59(1): 7892.
Wooldridge, J.M. 2009. Introductory Econometrics: A Modern Approach. Mason, OH: South-Western Publishing.
Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical Analysis (2nd edition). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Zepeda, L. 1994. “Simultaneity of Technology Adoption and Productivity.Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 19(1): 4657.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Agricultural and Resource Economics Review
  • ISSN: 1068-2805
  • EISSN: 2372-2614
  • URL: /core/journals/agricultural-and-resource-economics-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 234 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 15th September 2016 - 24th June 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.