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An Experimental Study of the Morphological Characteristics of Tool Marks


Experiments were performed to establish correlations between the edge characteristics of a series of tools and the marks they produce when applied to bone. Pressure and angle of application, length of blade, and motion used during the cutting stroke, were found to be important variables that affect the shape of tool marks. Using cross sections of butchering marks from archaeological sites, it was possible to establish associations between various classes of tools and specific tasks.

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James Deetz 1964 A datable Chumash pictograph from Santa Barbara County, California. American Antiquity 29:504506.

Phillip L. Walker 1976 Wear striations on the incisors of cercopithecid monkeys as as index of diet and habitat preference. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 45:299308.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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