Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 31
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Adamson, Fiona B. 2016. Spaces of Global Security: Beyond Methodological Nationalism. Journal of Global Security Studies, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 19.


    Cairns, Christopher and Carlson, Allen 2016. Real-world Islands in a Social Media Sea: Nationalism and Censorship on Weibo during the 2012 Diaoyu/Senkaku Crisis. The China Quarterly, Vol. 225, p. 23.


    Drevon, Jerome 2016. EmbracingSalafiJihadism in Egypt and Mobilizing in the Syrian Jihad. Middle East Critique, p. 1.


    Fenwick, Helen 2016. Responding to the ISIS threat: extending coercive non-trial-based measures in the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, p. 1.


    Guolo, Renzo 2016. She's leaving home. Donne europee che "migrano" nello stato islamico. MONDI MIGRANTI, Issue. 1, p. 181.


    Horgan, John Shortland, Neil Abbasciano, Suzzette and Walsh, Shaun 2016. Actions Speak Louder than Words: A Behavioral Analysis of 183 Individuals Convicted for Terrorist Offenses in the United States from 1995 to 2012. Journal of Forensic Sciences,


    Klausen, Jytte Morrill, Tyler and Libretti, Rosanne 2016. The Terrorist Age-Crime Curve: An Analysis of American Islamist Terrorist Offenders and Age-Specific Propensity for Participation in Violent and Nonviolent Incidents. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 97, Issue. 1, p. 19.


    Lindekilde, Lasse Bertelsen, Preben and Stohl, Michael 2016. Who Goes, Why, and With What Effects: The Problem of Foreign Fighters from Europe. Small Wars & Insurgencies, Vol. 27, Issue. 5, p. 858.


    Neo, Loo Seng Shi, Priscilla Dillon, Leevia Tan, Jethro Wang, Yingmin and Gomes, Danielle 2016. Combating Violent Extremism and Radicalization in the Digital Era.


    Perliger, Arie Koehler-Derrick, Gabriel and Pedahzur, Ami 2016. The Gap Between Participation and Violence: Why We Need to Disaggregate Terrorist ‘Profiles’. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 220.


    Rauta, Vladimir 2016. Proxy agents, auxiliary forces, and sovereign defection: assessing the outcomes of using non-state actors in civil conflicts. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, Vol. 16, Issue. 1, p. 91.


    Saltman, Erin Marie 2016. Combating Violent Extremism and Radicalization in the Digital Era.


    Schuurman, Bart and Horgan, John G. 2016. Rationales for terrorist violence in homegrown jihadist groups: A case study from the Netherlands. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 27, p. 55.


    Shortland, Neil D. 2016. Combating Violent Extremism and Radicalization in the Digital Era.


    BOX-STEFFENSMEIER, JANET M. and CHRISTENSON, DINO P. 2015. Comparing membership interest group networks across space and time, size, issue and industry. Network Science, Vol. 3, Issue. 01, p. 78.


    Chen, Jidong and Xu, Yiqing 2015. Information Manipulation and Reform in Authoritarian Regimes. Political Science Research and Methods, p. 1.


    Grant, Matthew and Stewart, Mark G. 2015. Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Improvised Explosive Device Attacks That Cause Significant Building Damage. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 29, Issue. 5, p. B4014009.


    Gunitsky, Seva 2015. Corrupting the Cyber-Commons: Social Media as a Tool of Autocratic Stability. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 13, Issue. 01, p. 42.


    Han, Rongbin 2015. Defending the Authoritarian Regime Online: China's “Voluntary Fifty-cent Army”. The China Quarterly, Vol. 224, p. 1006.


    Lucas, C. Nielsen, R. A. Roberts, M. E. Stewart, B. M. Storer, A. and Tingley, D. 2015. Computer-Assisted Text Analysis for Comparative Politics. Political Analysis, Vol. 23, Issue. 2, p. 254.


    ×

Should I Stay or Should I Go? Explaining Variation in Western Jihadists' Choice between Domestic and Foreign Fighting

  • THOMAS HEGGHAMMER (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055412000615
  • Published online: 28 January 2013
Abstract

This article studies variation in conflict theater choice by Western jihadists in an effort to understand their motivations. Some militants attack at home, whereas others join insurgencies abroad, but few scholars have asked why they make these different choices. Using open-source data, I estimate recruit supply for each theater, foreign fighter return rates, and returnee impact on domestic terrorist activity. The tentative data indicate that jihadists prefer foreign fighting, but a minority attacks at home after being radicalized, most often through foreign fighting or contact with a veteran. Most foreign fighters do not return for domestic operations, but those who do return are more effective operatives than nonveterans. The findings have implications for our understanding of the motivations of jihadists, for assessments of the terrorist threat posed by foreign fighters, and for counterterrorism policy.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Thomas Hegghammer is Senior Research Fellow, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), P.O. Box 25, 2027 Kjeller, Norway (hegghammer@gmail.com).
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Khaled Abou El Fadl . 2001. Rebellion and Violence in Islamic Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Risa Brooks . 2011. “Muslim ‘Homegrown’ Terrorism in the United States: How Serious Is the Threat?International Security 36 (2): 747.

Michael Clarke , and Valentina Soria. 2010. “Terrorism: The New Wave.” RUSI Journal 155 (4): 2431.

Erik J Dahl . 2011. “The Plots that Failed: Intelligence Lessons Learned from Unsuccessful Terrorist Attacks Against the United States.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34 (8): 621–48.

Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen . 2010. “Violent Radicalization in Europe: What We Know and What We Do Not Know.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 33 (9): 797814.

Frazer Egerton . 2011. Jihad in the West: The Rise of Militant Salafism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

James P Farwell . 2010. “Jihadi Video in the ‘War of Ideas.’” Survival 52 (6): 127–50.

Thomas Hegghammer . 2010. Jihad in Saudi Arabia: Violence and Pan-Islamism Since 1979. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thomas Hegghammer . 2011. “The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad.” International Security 35 (3): 5394.

Sherman A Jackson . 2001. “Domestic Terrorism in the Islamic Legal Tradition.” Muslim World 91 (3–4): 283300.

Charles Kurzman , David Schanzer, and Ebrahim Moosa. 2011. “Muslim American Terrorism Since 9/11: Why So Rare?The Muslim World 101 (3): 464–83.

Brynjar Lia . 2008. “Doctrines for Jihadi Terrorist Training.” Terrorism and Political Violence 20 (4): 518–42.

David Malet . 2010. “Why Foreign Fighters? Historical Perspectives and Solutions.” Orbis 54 (1): 97114.

Barak Mendelsohn . 2011. “Foreign Fighters—Recent Trends.” Orbis 55 (2): 189202.

John Mueller , and Mark G. Stewart. 2012. “The Terrorism Delusion: America's Overwrought Response to 9/11.” International Security 37 (1): 81110.

Sam Mullins . 2011. “Islamist Terrorism and Australia: An Empirical Examination of the ‘Home-Grown’ Threat.” Terrorism and Political Violence 23 (2): 254–85.

Petter Nesser . 2008a. “Chronology of Jihadism in Western Europe 1994–2007: Planned, Prepared, and Executed Terrorist Attacks.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31 (10): 924–46.

Petter Nesser . 2008b. “How Did Europe's Global Jihadis Obtain Training for Their Militant Causes?Terrorism and Political Violence 20 (2): 234–56.

Petter Nesser . 2011a. “Ideologies of Jihad in Europe.” Terrorism and Political Violence 23 (2): 173200.

Fernando Reinares . 2010. “The Madrid Bombings and Global Jihadism.” Survival 52 (2): 83104.

Arab Salem , Edna Reid, and Hsinchun Chen. 2008. “Multimedia Content Coding and Analysis: Unraveling the Content of Jihadi Extremist Groups’ Videos.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31 (7): 605–26.

Emmanuel Sivan . 1998. “The Holy War Tradition in Islam.” Orbis 42 (2): 171–94.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×