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An agro-pastoral palimpsest: new insights into the historical rural economy of the Milesian peninsula from aerial and remote-sensing imagery

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 February 2020

Toby C. Wilkinson
Affiliation:
University of Cambridge, UK
Anja Slawisch
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh, UK

Abstract

Examination of a number of satellite and aerial images of the Milesian peninsula has allowed the mapping of a large number of apparently ancient linear features across the landscape. These are here interpreted, for the most part, as relicts of agro-economic field systems of unknown date, but most plausibly established during the Archaic, Hellenistic or late antique periods and perhaps used for centuries after, before the economic decline of the region in the second millennium AD. While earlier survey work has noted the existence of terracing and rural divisions at certain points in the landscape, the new remote-sensing data have provided an unprecedented large-scale insight into the extent and variety of forms of division, as well as documenting the stripping of macquis overgrowth by modern farming practices, which has, on the one hand, exposed these ancient landscapes but also, on the other, poses a threat to their preservation. The extent of the linear features suggests a high degree of land use on the peninsula at certain points in the past. Further investigation of these important features has the potential to provide critical insights into the economic history of rural and urban Miletos over the last 2,000 to 5,000 years.

Özet

Özet

Milet yarimadasina ait bir dizi uydu görüntüsünün ve hava fotoğrafinin incelenmesi ile arazi boyunca uzanan çok sayidaki antik lineer özellik haritalanabilmiştir. Bunlar, çoğu zaman, tarihi belli olmayan tarimsal-ekonomik alan sistemlerinin kalintilari olarak yorumlanmiştir, ancak en makul açiklama çoğunun Arkaik, Hellenistik veya geç antik dönemlerde kurulmuş olduğu ve belki de M.S. ikinci binyildaki ekonomik çöküşe kadar yüzyillar boyunca kullanilmiş olduklaridir. Daha önceki yüzey araştirmalari, arazinin belirli noktalarda teraslama ve kirsal bölünmelerin varliğina dikkat çekmiş olsa da, uzaktan algilama sistemlerinin kullanimi ile ortaya çikan yeni veriler, bizlere bir yandan bölünme biçimlerinin kapsami ve çeşitliliği hakkinda geniş çapta bilgiler sunmus, diğer taraftan da, her ne kadar ortaya çikmiş olan kalintilarin korunmasi açisindan büyük tehdit teşkil etse de, modern tarimsal faaliyetler sonucu ortaya çikmiş alanlarin belgelenmesi imkanini sağlamiştir. Lineer özelliklerin kapsadiklari alan, geçmişte yarimadanin belirli noktalarinda büyük ölçüde arazi kullanimi olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu önemli özelliklerin daha fazla araştirilmasi, son 2.000 ila 5.000 yil boyunca, kirsal ve kentsel Milet'in ekonomik tarihine ilişkin çok önemli görüşler sağlama potansiyeline sahiptir.

Type
Articles
Copyright
© British Institute at Ankara 2020

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An agro-pastoral palimpsest: new insights into the historical rural economy of the Milesian peninsula from aerial and remote-sensing imagery
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