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The rock inscriptions, graffiti and crosses from Quarry GO3C at Göktepe, Muğla district (Turkey)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 June 2021

Paweł Nowakowski*
Affiliation:
University of Warsaw, Poland
Dagmara Wielgosz-Rondolino
Affiliation:
University of Warsaw, Poland
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Abstract

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This paper discusses some of the results of a geo-archaeological survey conducted in 2014 in the marble quarries at Göktepe near Muğla (the ancient region of Caria). During the survey we examined a dossier of both already known and newly recorded rock inscriptions and textual and pictorial graffiti (prominently including crosses) from District 3, Quarry C (= Quarry GO3C). Here, we aim to explore the contents and spatial contexts of these texts and images, and consider them in relation to the pottery finds and literary sources, in order to throw new light on the history of the quarry. The texts and images suggest that at some point the site was abandoned as a quarry and, probably already in late antiquity, resettled by hermits.

Özet

Özet

Bu makalede antik Karia Bölgesi’nde, Muğla Göktepe’de yer alan mermer ocaklarında 2014 yılında yürütülen jeoar-keolojik araştırmadan elde edilen sonuçların bir kısmı ele alınmaktadır. Araştırmada 3. Bölge, C Ocağı'nda (Ocak GO3C) hem bu zamana kadar bilinen hem de yeni tespit edilmiş bir grup kaya yazıtı ve graffiti yazı ile çoğunlukla haç figürleri içeren graffiti resimler incelenmiştir. Çalışmada, bu yazılar ve resimlerin içeriklerinin ve mekânsal bağlamlarının irdelenmesiyle mermer ocağının tarihini aydınlatacak yeni bilgilere ulaşılması amaçlanmaktadır. Bu yazı ve resimler, alanın belli bir noktada terk edildiğine ve muhtemelen Geç Antik Dönem’de münzevi keşişler tarafından yeniden iskân edildiğine işaret etmektedir.

Type
Research Article
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BYCreative Common License - NCCreative Common License - ND
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reuse, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial reuse or in order to create a derivative work.
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the British Institute at Ankara
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