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  • Thomas H. Guderjan (a1)

The identity of the Classic Maya was expressed through public architecture and the creation of sacred landscape, which incorporated the landscape of creation and the concept of the world tree. Pyramids, plazas, stelae, and ballcourts were important components of this landscape. In the Peten, architectural complexes known as “E-groups” were another component. E-groups are well-known astronomical “orientation calendars” that were first built in the Terminal Preclassic period. Named after Group E at Uaxactun, they consist of three buildings on the east side of a public plaza and a fourth in the middle of the plaza or on the west side. Terminal Preclassic E-groups functioned as solstice and equinox markers. However, their function changed in the Early Classic period, arguably due to influence from Teotihuacan, to a focus on agricultural seasons. In this paper, I argue that pseudo–E-groups were built well into the Late Classic period in the eastern Peten and were a defining architectural complex for the region. The original, functional Terminal Preclassic E-groups were based on ritual activities focused on solar events. By the Early Classic, E-groups had become multipurpose parts of the sacred landscape of public architecture. Late Classic pseudo–E-groups, however, had become nonfunctional for either solar or agriculturally oriented observation. Nevertheless, they had become so deeply embedded into the template of sacred space and architecture that pseudo–E–groups were constructed to reinforce the identity of cities and the validity of their rulers.

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Aveni, Anthony F., Anne S.Dowd, and BenjaminVining2003Maya Calendar Reform? Evidence from Orientations of Specialized Architectural Assemblages. Latin American Antiquity14(2):159179.

Bozarth, Steven R., and Thomas H.Guderjan2004Biosilicate Analysis of Residue in Maya Dedicatory Cache Vessels from Blue Creek, Belize. Journal of Archaeological Science31(2):205215.

Guderjan, Thomas H. 2004b Public Architecture, Ritual and Temporal Dynamics at the Maya Site of Blue Creek, Belize. Ancient Mesoamerica 15(2):235249.

Mathews, Jennifer P., and James F. Garber 2004 Models of Cosmic Order: Physical Expression of Sacred Space among the Ancient Maya. Ancient Mesoamerica 15(1):4959.

Mock, Shirley B.1997Monkey Business at the Northern River Lagoon: A Coastal–Inland Interaction Sphere in Northern Belize. Ancient Mesoamerica8(2):165184.

Ricketson, Oliver, Jr.1928Astronomical Observatories in the Maya Area. The Geographical Review18(2):215229.

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Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ISSN: 0956-5361
  • EISSN: 1469-1787
  • URL: /core/journals/ancient-mesoamerica
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