Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 84
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Katsoulos, Panagiotis D. Karatzia, Maria A. Boscos, Constantinos Wolf, Petra and Karatzias, Harilaos 2016. In-field evaluation of clinoptilolite feeding efficacy on the reduction of milk aflatoxin M1 concentration in dairy cattle. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, Vol. 58, Issue. 1,


    Michlig, N. Signorini, M. Gaggiotti, M. Chiericatti, C. Basílico, J.C. Repetti, M.R. and Beldomenico, H.R. 2016. Risk factors associated with the presence of aflatoxin M1 in raw bulk milk from Argentina. Food Control, Vol. 64, p. 151.


    Pietri, Amedeo Mulazzi, Annalisa Piva, Gianfranco and Bertuzzi, Terenzio 2016. Fate of aflatoxin M1 during production and storage of parmesan cheese. Food Control, Vol. 60, p. 478.


    Rama, A. Montesissa, C. Lucatello, L. Galina, G. Benetti, C. and Bajraktari, D. 2016. A study on the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in milk consumed in Kosovo during 2009–2010. Food Control, Vol. 62, p. 52.


    Aslam, Naveed and Wynn, Peter 2015. Aflatoxin Contamination of the Milk Supply: A Pakistan Perspective. Agriculture, Vol. 5, Issue. 4, p. 1172.


    Chavarría, Guadalupe Granados-Chinchilla, Fabio Alfaro-Cascante, Margarita and Molina, Andrea 2015. Detection of aflatoxin M1in milk, cheese and sour cream samples from Costa Rica using enzyme-assisted extraction and HPLC. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 128.


    Dänicke, Sven and Winkler, Janine 2015. Invited review: Diagnosis of zearalenone (ZEN) exposure of farm animals and transfer of its residues into edible tissues (carry over). Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 84, p. 225.


    Gallo, Antonio Giuberti, Gianluca Frisvad, Jens Bertuzzi, Terenzio and Nielsen, Kristian 2015. Review on Mycotoxin Issues in Ruminants: Occurrence in Forages, Effects of Mycotoxin Ingestion on Health Status and Animal Performance and Practical Strategies to Counteract Their Negative Effects. Toxins, Vol. 7, Issue. 8, p. 3057.


    Giovati, Laura Magliani, Walter Ciociola, Tecla Santinoli, Claudia Conti, Stefania and Polonelli, Luciano 2015. AFM1 in Milk: Physical, Biological, and Prophylactic Methods to Mitigate Contamination. Toxins, Vol. 7, Issue. 10, p. 4330.


    Hernández-Martínez, Raquel and Navarro-Blasco, Iñigo 2015. Surveillance of aflatoxin content in dairy cow feedstuff from Navarra (Spain). Animal Feed Science and Technology, Vol. 200, p. 35.


    Jebali, Rania Abbès, Samir Salah-Abbès, Jalila Ben Younes, Ridha Ben Haous, Zohra and Oueslati, Ridha 2015. Ability ofLactobacillus plantarumMON03 to mitigate aflatoxins (B1and M1) immunotoxicities in mice. Journal of Immunotoxicology, Vol. 12, Issue. 3, p. 290.


    Kalla, Appalanaidu Kutcharlapati, S. R. Gannavarapu, S. B. and Layam, Anitha 2015. Isolation and Identification of Specific Pathogens, Presence of Antibiotics, Aflatoxins, Pesticide Residues and Industrial Contaminants in Supply Chain of Milk in Selected Coastal Districts of Andhra Pradesh. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, Vol. 06, Issue. 04, p. 330.


    Rama, A. Latifi, F. Bajraktari, D. and Ramadani, N. 2015. Assessment of aflatoxin M1 levels in pasteurized and UHT milk consumed in Prishtina, Kosovo. Food Control, Vol. 57, p. 351.


    Santili, Ana Beatriz Nappi de Camargo, Adriano Costa Nunes, Raquel de Syllos Rosa Gloria, Eduardo Micotti da Machado, Paulo Fernando Cassoli, Laerte Dagher Dias, Carlos Tadeu dos Santos and Calori-Domingues, Maria Antonia 2015. Aflatoxin M1in raw milk from different regions of São Paulo state – Brazil. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B, Vol. 8, Issue. 3, p. 207.


    Torović, Ljilja 2015. Aflatoxin M1in processed milk and infant formulae and corresponding exposure of adult population in Serbia in 2013–2014. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B, p. 1.


    Fischer, D. Van Waeyenberghe, L. Cray, C. Gross, M. Usleber, E. Pasmans, F. Martel, A. and Lierz, M. 2014. Comparison of Diagnostic Tools for the Detection of Aspergillosis in Blood Samples of Experimentally Infected Falcons. Avian Diseases, Vol. 58, Issue. 4, p. 587.


    Jiang, Ya-Hui Wang, Ping Yang, Hong-Jian and Chen, Ying 2014. The Efficacy of Bamboo Charcoal in Comparison with Smectite to Reduce the Detrimental Effect of Aflatoxin B1 on In Vitro Rumen Fermentation of a Hay-Rich Feed Mixture. Toxins, Vol. 6, Issue. 7, p. 2008.


    Pulina, Giuseppe Battacone, Gianni Brambilla, Gianfranco Cheli, Federica Danieli, Pier P. Masoero, Francesco Pietri, Amedeo and Ronchi, Bruno 2014. An Update on the Safety of Foods of Animal Origin and Feeds. Italian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 3571.


    Reybroeck, Wim Ooghe, Sigrid Saul, Steven J. and Salter, Robert S. 2014. Validation of a lateral flow test (MRLAFMQ) for the detection of aflatoxin M1at 50 ng l−1in raw commingled milk. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, Vol. 31, Issue. 12, p. 2080.


    Trevisani, Marcello Farkas, Zsuzsa Serraino, Andrea Zambrini, Angelo Vittorio Pizzamiglio, Valentina Giacometti, Federica and Ambrus, Árpád 2014. Analysis of industry-generated data. Part 1: A baseline for the development of a tool to assist the milk industry in designing sampling plans for controlling aflatoxin M1in milk. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, p. 1.


    ×

Carry-over of aflatoxin from cows' food to milk

  • A. Veldman (a1), J. A. C. Meijs (a1), G. J. Borggreve (a1) and J. J. Heeres-van der Tol (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100037417
  • Published online: 01 September 2010
Abstract
Abstract

Two experiments were made. In experiment 1, dairy cows in early lactation (2 to 4 weeks) and dairy cows in late lactation (34 to 36 weeks) were given aflatoxin B, (AFBt)at a level of 34 to 39 fig/day by feeding them contaminated compound food. The aflatoxin Mrcontent(AFMj) of raw milk was determined four times during the experimental period of 14 days. The milk yield was measured daily.

The carry-over rate of aflatoxin was proportionately 0·062 and 0·018 for cows in early and late lactation respectively. This difference was not only due to milk production level but possibly also associated to AFB, liver metabolism.

In experiment 2, eight high (40 kg milk per day) and eight low (16 kg milk per day) milk yielding cows, carry-over of AFB1 from compound food into AFM, in milk was measured at different levels ofAFB7 intake ranging from 7 to 57 fig/day. Independent of AFBj-intake, high-producing dairy cows had a higher carry-over rate than low producing animals (proportionately 0·038 v. 0·025). Carry-over ofAFB1 to AFM, was linearly correlated with milk yield. Variations in the level of AFM1 in milk of individual cows were not due to variations in milk yield. The relationship between AFB2 intake per day and AFM^content in milk per kg could be described by the formula: AFMj (ng/kg milk) = 119 AFB, intake (fig per cow per day) + 1·9. This means that in order to produce milk with less than 0·05 fig AFM, per kg milk the average daily individual intake in a herd should be limited to 40 fig AFB7 per day.

As dairy cows in their early to mid lactation period consume large quantities of compound food, a maximum level of AFB3 in dairy foods has to be set at an acceptable daily intake (ADI) value to guarantee that AFM1 levels in milk do not exceed tolerable levels.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. Allcroft , B. A. Roberts and M. K. Lloyd 1968. Excretion of aflatoxin in a cow. Food Cosmetic Toxicology 6: 619625.

L. G. M. Th. Tuinstra and W. Haasnoot 1982. Rapid HPLC method for the determination of aflatoxin M1 in milk at the nanogram/kg level. Zeitschrift für Analytische Chemie 312: 622623.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Animal Science
  • ISSN: 1357-7298
  • EISSN: 1748-748X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: