Batajoo, KK, Shaver, RD1994. Impact of nonfiber carbohydrate on intake, digestion, and milk production by dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 1580–1588.
Bauman, DE, Griinari, JM2001. Regulation and nutritional manipulation of milk fat: low-fat milk syndrome. Livestock Production Science 70, 15–29.
Brito, AF, Broderick, GA2006. Effect of varying dietary ratios of alfalfa silage to corn silage on production and nitrogen utilization in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 3924–3938.
Broderick, GA1985. Alfalfa silage or hay versus corn silage as the sole forage for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 68, 3262–3271.
Canadian Council on Animal Care 1993. Guidelines to the care and use of experimental animals, vol. 1, 2nd edition. CCAC, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Chouinard, PY, Lévesque, J, Girard, V, Brisson, GJ1997. Dietary soybeans extruded at different temperatures: milk composition and in situ fatty acid reactions. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 2913–2924.
Clark, PW, Armentano, LE1999. Influence of particle size on the effectiveness of the fiber in corn silage. Journal of Dairy Science 82, 581–588.
Daynard, TB, Hunter, RB1975. Relationship among whole-plant moisture, grain moisture, dry matter yield, and quality of whole-plant corn silage. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 55, 77–84.
De Boever, JL, De Brabander, DL, De Smet, AM, Vanacker, JM, Boucque, CV1993. Evaluation of physical structure. 2. Maize silage. Journal of Dairy Science 76, 1624–1634.
Dhiman, TR, Satter, LD1997. Yield response of dairy cows fed different proportions of alfalfa silage and corn silage. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 2069–2082.
Emery, RS1978. Feeding for increased milk protein. Journal of Dairy Science 61, 825–828.
Grant, RJ, Colenbrander, VF, Mertens, DR1990. Milk fat depression in dairy cows: role of silage particle size. Journal of Dairy Science 73, 1834–1842.
Griinari, JM, Dwyer, DA, McGuire, MA, Bauman, DE, Palmquist, DL, Nurmela, KVV1998. Trans-octadecenoic acids and milk fat depression in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 81, 1251–1261.
Kramer, JKG, Hernandez, M, Cruz-Hernandez, C, Kraft, J, Dugan, MER2008. Combining results of two GC separations partly achieves determination of all cis and trans 16:1, 18:1, 18:2 and 18:3 except CLA isomers of milk fat as demonstrated using Ag-ion SPE fractionation. Lipids 43, 259–273.
Lechartier, C, Peyraud, JL2010. The effects of forage proportion and rapidly degradable dry matter from concentrate on ruminal digestion in dairy cows fed corn silage-based diets with fixed neutral detergent fiber and starch contents. Journal of Dairy Science 93, 666–681.
Lobley, GE, Connell, A, Lomax, MA, Brown, DS, Milne, E, Calder, AG, Farningham, DAH1995. Hepatic detoxification of ammonia in ovine liver: possible consequences for amino acid catabolism. British Journal of Nutrition 73, 667–685.
Macleod, GK, Grieve, DG, McMillan, I1983. Performance of first lactation dairy cows fed complete rations of several ratios of forage to concentrate. Journal of Dairy Science 66, 1668–1674.
Mader, TL, Britton, RA1986. Utilization of alfalfa hay and alfalfa silage. 2. Protein sources in ensiled corn stover diets. Journal of Dairy Science 69, 2342–2347.
Maekawa, M, Beauchemin, KA, Christensen, DA2002. Effect of concentrate level and feeding management on chewing activities, saliva production, and ruminal pH of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 85, 1165–1175.
Mertens, DR1997. Creating a system for meeting the fiber requirements of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 1463–1481.
Morrison, FB, Humphrey, GC, Hulce, RS1921. Corn stover silage versus corn silage for milk production. Journal of Dairy Science 4, 29–31.
Novozamsky, I, van Eck, R, van Schouwenburg, JC, Walinga, I1974. Total nitrogen determination in plant material by means of the indophenol-blue method. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 22, 3–5.
National Research Council (NRC) 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle, 7th revised edition. NRC, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Oba, M, Allen, MS2003. Effects of corn grain conservation method on feeding behavior and productivity of lactating dairy cows at two dietary starch concentrations. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 174–183.
Onetti, SG, Reynal, SM, Grummer, RR2004. Effect of alfalfa forage preservation method and particle length on performance of dairy cows fed corn silage-based diets and tallow. Journal of Dairy Science 87, 652–664.
Onetti, SG, Shaver, RD, McGuire, MA, Palmquist, DL, Grummer, RR2002. Effect of supplemental tallow on performance of dairy cows fed diets with different corn silage:alfalfa silage ratios. Journal of Dairy Science 85, 632–641.
Rahman, AU, Khan, A, Amjed, M, Ahmad, N2003. Effect of substitution of whole crop versus maize stover silages with commercial concentrates on milk yield and its composition in Sahiwal cows. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 23, 150–152.
Ruppert, LD, Drackley, JK, Bremmer, DR, Clark, JH2003. Effects of tallow in diets based on corn silage or alfalfa silage on digestion and nutrient use by lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 593–609.
Staples, CR, Cullens, FM2005. Implications of fat-feeding practices for lactating dairy cows – effects on milk fat. In Advances in dairy technology (ed. KA Beauchemin), pp. 277–295. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Sukhija, PS, Palmquist, DL1988. Rapid method for determination of total fatty acid content and composition of feedstuffs and feces. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 36, 1202–1206.
Sutton, JD1989. Altering milk composition by feeding. Journal of Dairy Science 72, 2801–2814.
Szasz, JI, Hunt, CW, Szasz, PA, Weber, RA, Owens, FN, Kezar, W, Turgeon, OA2007. Influence of endosperm vitreousness and kernel moisture at harvest on site and extent of digestion of high-moisture corn by feedlot steers. Journal of Animal Science 85, 2214–2221.
Valadares Filho, SC, Broderick, GA, Valadares, RFD, Clayton, MK2000. Effect of replacing alfalfa silage with high moisture corn on nutrient utilization and milk production. Journal of Dairy Science 83, 106–114.
Vlaeminck, B, Fievez, V, Cabrita, ARJ, Fonseca, AJM, Dewhurst, RJ2006. Factors affecting odd- and branched-chain fatty acids in milk: a review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 131, 389–417.
Weiss, WP, St-Pierre, NR, Willett, LB2009. Varying type of forage, concentration of metabolizable protein, and source of carbohydrate affects nutrient digestibility and production by dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 5595–5606.