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Ice-flow measurements and deformation at marginal shear zones on Sørsdal Glacier, Ingrid Christensen Coast, East Antarctica

  • Benjamin A. Patrick (a1), Adrian F. Corvino (a2) and Christopher J.L. Wilson (a1)
Abstract

Observations of crevasse and crevasse trace geometry recorded along marginal shear zones of Sørsdal Glacier, East Antarctica, are presented with fine-spatial-resolution measurements of ice flow collected at three selected study sites. Strain grids established at each site, comprising 254 points, were repeatedly surveyed during the summers 2000/01 and 2001/02 using a semi-kinematic global positioning system technique with relative coordinate precisions at the order of ±2 cm in horizontal and ±5 cm in vertical. The annual results show ice-flow velocities of 2–114 m a–1 across a 2.7 km section of the Sørsdal margin. Comparable ice-flow velocities were also obtained using a Doppler system DORIS. At one study site, covering a planar area of 0.04 km2, a preliminary comparison is made between the crevasse pattern and strain-rate tensors computed for 64 discrete points using the method developed by Nye (1959). The comparison indicates that the most recent crevasses are directly related to the principal strain rates in this zone of simple shear.

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      Ice-flow measurements and deformation at marginal shear zones on Sørsdal Glacier, Ingrid Christensen Coast, East Antarctica
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References
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Corvino, A.F. and Collier, P.A. 2002. Monitoring the surface movementof the Sørsdal Glacier, East Antarctica, 2000–2001. Austral. Suru., 47(1), 43–51.
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Vaughan, D. G. 1993. Relating the occurrence of crevasses to surface strain rates. J. Glaciol., 39(132), 255–266.
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Annals of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0260-3055
  • EISSN: 1727-5644
  • URL: /core/journals/annals-of-glaciology
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