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A Roman Bridge on the Aesepus

  • F. W. Hasluck
Extract

The course of the Roman road along the southern shore of the sea of Marmora between Priapus and Cyzicus has hitherto been known only from the Peutinger table and from a single milestone (the thirteenth) found in a Turkish cemetery above Tchaoush-keui, not far therefore from its original position. The Peutinger table notes only one point between the places named—the crossing of the Granicus. That of the Aesepus, a much more important river, is still marked by the considerable remains of a fine Roman bridge, which, owing to its secluded position at a turn of the valley, has hitherto escaped the notice of such travellers as have passed along the coast road. Hearing at Boghashehr, where I had shewn an interest in the fast-vanishing ruin of Ak-kupru, that a similar bridge existed on the road to Gunen, I took that route and was rewarded by the discovery of the best-preserved ancient bridge in the district.

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page 184 note 1 B.C.H. xvii. 546 (35) ‘above Tchaoush-keui’ = C.I.L. iii. Supp. i 2, 13687; cf. C.I.L. iii. 1, 7178 = Eph. Epigr. 2, 351. Both are thirteenth milestones, if indeed the stones are not identical.

page 184 note 2 Turner, W., Journal of a Tour in the East (1820), iii. 200 ff.; von Richter, O. F., Wallfahrten im Morgenlande (1822), 421 ff.; Ruge, F. in Petermanns Mittheilungen, xxxviii. (1892) p. 228 (map); Judeich, W. in Sitzber. Berl. Akad. (1898), ii. 550 ff.

page 187 note 1 Texier, , Descr. de l'Asie Mineure, i. 55 (pl. iv.): l'extrémité du pont va s'appliquer directement contre une montagne; et la route tourne à angle droit pour se diriger au nord … et au sud. Une grande niche de 6·33 de large, avec des portes latérales qui existent encore, fermant sans doute une salle voûtée qui offrait un abri aux voyageurs.

page 187 note 2 Athen. Mitt. xxix. Pl. XXIV.

page 188 note 1 Travels in Turkey (1747), p. 60.

page 188 note 2 Das Schlachtfeld am Granicus (based on researches of 1842) in Globus, 1877, xxxii, pp. 263–4.

page 188 note 3 Journal of a Tour in the East (1820), iii. 206.

page 188 note 4 Asie Mineure, i. 212 ‘très-beau pont antique … repose sur trois arcs et s'est écroulé à sa moitié.’ See also his route book (ed. Kiepert, , Petermanns Mitt. Ergänzungsheft 20), p. 5, Dec. 13, 1847, which shews that the bridge was on the Granicus itself, not on its western affluent, as Texier, , Asie Mineure (L'Univers, xii), p. 155.

page 188 note 5 Auf Alexanders des Grossen Pfaden (1894), p. 137. ‘Am linken Ufer stehen noch mehrere Bogen mit runden Gewölben und Ziegel, während die Pfeiler auf schön behauenen, I m. langen ½ m. hohen Steinen ruhen. Oben ist die Strassenanlage eingestürzt. Auf dem rechten Ufer steht noch ein Pfeilerrest dessen Unterbauten besonders regelmässig scheinen.’

page 189 note 1 The ruins are shown in Landron's drawing of Ulubad (Le Bas, , Voyage Archéologique, Itinéraire, pl. 44.

page 189 note 2 Ramsay, , Hist. Geog. 160.

page 189 note 3 Anna Comnena, i. 321, B γέφυραν ἐν ᾖ καὶ τέμενος πάλαι τῆς ἁγίας ᾠκοδόμητο ῾Ελένης ἐπ᾿ ὀνόματι τοῦ μεγάλον Κωνσταντίνου, ἐξ ὦν τὴν ἐπωνυμίαν ἡ γέφυρα μέχρι καὶ νῦν ἐκτήσατο

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Annual of the British School at Athens
  • ISSN: 0068-2454
  • EISSN: 2045-2403
  • URL: /core/journals/annual-of-the-british-school-at-athens
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