Skip to main content
×
Home

Microbial biomass and community structure changes along a soil development chronosequence near Lake Wellman, southern Victoria Land

  • Jackie Aislabie (a1), James Bockheim (a2), Malcolm Mcleod (a1), David Hunter (a1), Bryan Stevenson (a1) and Gary M. Barker (a2)...
Abstract
Abstract

Four pedons on each of four drift sheets in the Lake Wellman area of the Darwin Mountains were sampled for chemical and microbial analyses. The four drifts, Hatherton, Britannia, Danum, and Isca, ranged from early Holocene (10 ka) to mid-Quaternary (c. 900 ka). The soil properties of weathering stage, salt stage, and depths of staining, visible salts, ghosts, and coherence increase with drift age. The landforms contain primarily high-centred polygons with windblown snow in the troughs. The soils are dominantly complexes of Typic Haplorthels and Typic Haploturbels. The soils were dry and alkaline with low levels of organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Electrical conductivity was high accompanied by high levels of water soluble anions and cations (especially calcium and sulphate in older soils). Soil microbial biomass, measured as phospholipid fatty acids, and numbers of culturable heterotrophic microbes, were low, with highest levels detected in less developed soils from the Hatherton drift. The microbial community structure of the Hatherton soil also differed from that of the Britannia, Danum and Isca soils. Ordination revealed the soil microbial community structure was influenced by soil development and organic carbon.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Microbial biomass and community structure changes along a soil development chronosequence near Lake Wellman, southern Victoria Land
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Microbial biomass and community structure changes along a soil development chronosequence near Lake Wellman, southern Victoria Land
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Microbial biomass and community structure changes along a soil development chronosequence near Lake Wellman, southern Victoria Land
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
aislabiej@landcareresearch.co.nz
References
Hide All
Aislabie J., Broady P.Saul D. 2006a. Viable heterotropic bacteria from high altitude, high latitude soil of La Gorce Mountains (86°30′S, 147°W), Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 18, 313321.
Aislabie J.M., Jordan S.Barker G.M. 2008. Relation between soil classification and bacterial diversity in soils of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. Geoderma, 144, 920.
Aislabie J., Chhour K-L., Saul D.J., Miyauchi S., Ayton J., Paetzold R.F.Balks M.R. 2006b. Dominant bacterial groups in soils of Marble Point and Wright Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 30413056.
Ayres E., Nkem J.N., Wall D.H., Adams B.J., Barrett J.E., Simmons B.L., Virginia R.A.Fountain A.G. 2010. Experimentally increased snow accumulation alters soil moisture and animal community structure in a polar desert. Polar Biology, 33, 897907.
Barrett J.E., Virginia R.A., Hopkins D.W., Aislabie J., Bargagli R., Bockheim J.G., Campbell I.B., Lyons W.B., Moorehead D.L., Nkem J.N., Sletten R.S., Steltzer H., Wall D.H.Wallenstein M.D. 2006. Terrestrial ecosystem processes of Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 30193034.
Belbin L. 1991. Semi-strong hybrid scaling, a new ordination algorithm. Journal of Vegetation Science, 2, 491496.
Belbin L. 1995. PATN Analysis Package. Canberra: CSIRO.
Blakemore L.C., Searle P.L.Daly B.K. 1987. Methods for chemical analysis of soils. NZ Soil Bureau Scientific Report, No. 80, 103 pp.
Bockheim J.G. 1990. Soil development rates in the Transantarctic Mountains. Geoderma, 47, 5977.
Bockheim J.G. 2002. Landform and soil development in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: a regional synthesis. Arctic, Antarctic & Alpine Research, 34, 308317.
Bockheim J.G.McLeod M. 2006. Soil formation in Wright Valley, Antarctica since the late Neogene. Geoderma, 37, 109116.
Bockheim J.G., Wilson S.C., Denton G.H., Andersen B.G.Stuiver M. 1989. Late Quaternary ice surface fluctuations of Hatherton Glacier, Transantarctic Mountains. Quaternary Research, 31, 229254.
Bölter M. 2011. Soil development and soil biology on King George Island, Maritime Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 32, 105116.
Bölter M., Blume H.-P., Schneider D.Beyer L. 1997. Soil properties and distributions of invertebrates and bacteria from King George Island (Arctowski Station), Maritime Antarctic. Polar Biology, 18, 295304.
Bray J.R.Curtis J.T. 1957. An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecology Monographs, 27, 325349.
Broady P.A.Weinstein R.N. 1998. Algae, lichens and fungi in La Gorce Mountains, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 10, 376385.
Brook E.J., Kurz M.D., Ackert R. Jr, Denton G.H., Brown E.T., Raisbeck G.M.Yiou E. 1993. Chronology of Taylor Glacier advances in Arena Valley, Antarctica, using in-situ cosmogenic 3He and 10Be. Quaternary Research, 39, 1123.
Cameron R.E. 1972. Farthest south algae and associated bacteria. Phycologia, 11, 133139.
Cameron R.E., Lacy G.H., Morelli F.A.Marsh J.B. 1971. Farthest south soil microbial and ecological investigations. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 6(4), 105106.
Campbell I.B.Claridge G.G.C. 1975. Morphology and age relationships of Antarctic soils. In Suggate, R.P. & Cresswell, M.M.,eds. Quaternary studies. Wellington: Royal Society of New Zealand, 8388.
Caruso T., Hogg I.D., Carapelli A., Frati F.Bargagli R. 2009. Large-scale patterns in the distribution of Collembola (Hexapoda) species in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 879886.
Claridge G.G.C., Campbell I.B., Stout J.D., Dutch M.E.Flint E.A. 1971. The occurrence of soil organisms in the Scott Glacier region, Queen Maud Range, Antarctica. New Zealand Journal of Science, 14, 306312.
Connon S.A., Lester E.D., Shafaat H.S., Obenhuber D.C.Ponce A.D. 2007. Bacterial diversity in hyperarid Atacama desert soils. Journal of Geophysical Research, 10.1029/2006JG000311.
Cowan D.A., Khan N., Heath C.Mutondo M. 2010. Microbiology of Antarctic terrestrial soils and rocks. In Bej, A., Aislabie, J. & Atlas, R.M.,eds. Polar microbiology: the ecology, biodiversity and bioremediation potential of microorganisms in extremely cold environments. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 129.
Dartnell L.R., Hunter S.J., Lovell K.V., Coates A.J.Ward J.M. 2010. Low-temperature ionizing radiation resistance of Deinococcus radiodurans and Antarctic Dry Valley bacteria. Astrobiology, 7, 717732.
Demetras N.J., Hogg I.D., Banks J.C.Adams B.J. 2010. Latitudinal distribution and mitochondrial DNA (COI) variability of Stereotydeus spp. (Acari: Prostigmata) in Victoria Land and the central Transantarctic Mountains. Antarctic Science, 22, 749756.
Feng X., Simpson A.J., Gregorich E.G., Elberling B., Hopkins D., Sparrow A.D., Novis P.M., Greenfield L.G.Simpson M.J. 2010. Chemical characterization of microbial-dominated soil organic matter in the Garwood Valley, Antarctica. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 64856498.
Higgins S.M., Hendy C.H.Denton G.H. 2000. Geochronology of Bonney drift, Taylor Valley, Antarctica: evidence for interglacial expansions of Taylor Glacier. Geografiska Annaler, 82A, 391410.
Hodgson D.A., Convey P., Verleyen E., Vyverman W., McInnes S.J., Sands C.J., Fernández-Carazo R., Wilmotte A., De Wever A., Peeters K., Tavernier I.Willems A. 2010. The limnology and biology of the Dufek Massif, Transantarctic Mountains 82° South. Polar Science, 4, 197214.
Hopkins D.W., Sparrow A.D., Gregorich E.G., Elberling B., Novis P., Fraser F., Scrimgeour C., Dennis P.G., Meier-Augenstein W.Greenfield L.G. 2009. Isotopic evidence for the provenance and turnover of organic carbon by soil microorganisms in the Antarctic dry valleys. Environmental Microbiology, 11, 597608.
Klassen J.L. 2010. Phylogenetic and evolutionary patterns in microbial biosysnthesis are revealed by comparative genomics. PLos ONE, 5, e11257.
Lauber C.L., Hamady M., Knight R.Fierer N. 2009. Pyrosequencing-based assessment of soil pH as a predictor of soil bacterial community structure at the continental scale. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75, 51115120.
Lester E.D., Satomi M.Ponce A. 2007. Microflora of extreme arid Actama desert soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 39, 704708.
Parker B.C., Boyer S., Allnutt F.C.T., Seaburg K.G., Wharton R.A. JrSimmons G.M. Jr 1982. Soils from the Pensacola Mountains, Antarctica: physical, chemical and biological characteristics. Soil, Biology and Biochemistry, 14, 265271.
Schoeneberger P.J., Wysocki D.A., Benham E.C.Broderson W.D. eds. 2002. Field book for describing and sampling soils. Ver. 2.0. Lincoln, NE: National Soil Survey Center, National Resource Conservation Service, 228 pp.
Soil Survey Staff. 2010. Keys to soil taxonomy, 10th ed. Washington DC: USDA-NRCS, 341 pp.
Storey B.C., Fink D., Joy K., Shulmeister J., Riger-Kusk M.Stevens M.I. 2010. Cosmogenic nuclide exposure age constraints on the glacial history of the Lake Wellman area, Darwin Mountains, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 14, 603618.
Tscherko D., Hammesfahr U., Marx M.-C.Kandeler E. 2004. Shifts in rhizosphere microbial communities and enzyme activity of Poa alpina across an alpine chronosequence. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 36, 16851698.
Vincent W.F. 2000. Evolutionary origins of Antarctic microbiota: invasion, selection and endemism. Antarctic Science, 12, 374385.
Wadham J.L., Tranter M., Hodson A.J., Hodgkins R., Bottrell S., Cooper R.Raiswell R. 2010. Hydro-biogeochemical coupling beneath a large polythermal Arctic glacier: implications for subice sheet biogeochemistry. Journal of Geophysical Research, 10.1029/2009JF001602.
Webster-Brown J., Gall M., Gibson J., Wood S.Hawes I. 2010. The biochemistry of meltwater habitats in the Darwin Glacier region (80°S), Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 22, 646661.
White D.C., Davis W.M., Nickels J.S., King J.D.Bobbie R.J. 1979. Determination of the sedimentary microbial biomass of extractable lipid phosphate. Oceologia, 40, 5162.
Yergeau E., Bokhurst S., Huiskes A.D.L., Boschker H.T.S., Aerts R.Kowalchuk G.A. 2007. Size and structure of bacterial, fungal and nematode communities along an Antarctic environmental gradient. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 59, 436451.
Yergeau E., Schoondermark-Stolk S.A., Brodie E.L., Dejean S., Goncalves O., Piceno Y.M., Anderson G.L.Kowalchuk G.A. 2009. Environmental microarray analyses of Antarctic soil microbial communities. ISME Journal, 3, 340351.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 41 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 79 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.