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Longquan Cave: an early Upper Palaeolithic site in Henan Province, China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 July 2016

Shuisheng Du*
School of History, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekouwai Dajie, Beijing 100875, China
Xuan Li
School of History, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekouwai Dajie, Beijing 100875, China Luoyang Academy of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, 232 Kaiyuan Dadao, Luoyang 471000, China
Li Zhou
Luoyang Academy of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, 232 Kaiyuan Dadao, Luoyang 471000, China
Haijiao Pang
Luanchuan Cultural Relics Administrative Institute, 55 Xinghua Xijie, Luanchuan 471500, China
Ofer Bar-Yosef
Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Xiaohong Wu
School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University, Jingchun Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100871, China
*Author for correspondence (Email:


The Palaeolithic sequence of East Asia differs from that of western Eurasia in that it is characterised by core-and-flake tools. Blade industries only appear late in the sequence, long after the first appearance of modern humans; bone tools and personal ornaments may therefore function as a better marker of modern human presence. Longquan Cave provides vital new evidence to this effect, with dated hearths indicating an initial occupation around 40 kya cal BP, followed by a second period of activity around 35–31 kya cal BP. They are associated with a polished bone awl and a structured division of settlement space, features typically associated with modern humans.

Copyright © Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2016 

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