Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-78bd46657c-t6dlm Total loading time: 0.263 Render date: 2021-05-07T22:16:25.540Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Article contents

Speculations on Stonehenge

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Extract

Proposals that Stonehenge was con- structed as an astronomical observatory [1, 2, 3] with the purpose of predicting eclipses [4, 5] imply that the builders of Stonehenge, even Stonehenge I, were possessed of a degree of intellectual sophistication that seems inconsistent with the usual picture of the population of S. England in the and millennium B.C. Either the people were not just primitive farmers or these proposals must be substantially in error. It is not the purpose of this paper to attempt a decision between these alternatives but to explain the nature of the astronomical arguments in more detail than has been done heretofore. My hope is that with a moderate effort it will be possible for the reader to rework the calculations on which the astronomical suggestions have been based; for only when archaeologists and astronomers have understood each other's arguments can we expect to resolve this intriguing dilemma. At several places in the discussion I shall quote the solution of mathematical problems, thereby permitting the whole discussion to be confined to simple trigonometry. These few places will be marked by an asterisk. The reader wishing to cover these gaps will need to consult a text on spherical astronomy, e.g. [6].

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Antiquity Publications Ltd 1966

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

[1] Thorn, A., J. Brit. Ast. Soc., 64, 396 (1954)Google Scholar.

[2] Newharn, C. A., Yorkshire Post, 16th March, 1963; Nature, 211, 456 (1966)Google Scholar.

[3] Hawkins, G. S., Nature, 200, 1963, 306 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

[4] Hawkins, G. S., Nature, 202, 1964, 1258 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

[5] Hoyle, F., Nature, 211, 1966, 454 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

[6] Smart, W. M., Spherical Astronomy (Cambridge, 1956)Google Scholar.

[7] Hawkins, G. S., Stonehenge Decoded (London, 1966)Google Scholar.

[8] Atkinson, R. J. C., Antiquity, 1966, 212.Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Speculations on Stonehenge
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Speculations on Stonehenge
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Speculations on Stonehenge
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *