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British Maglemose Harpoon Sites

  • H. Godwin (a1) and M. E. Godwin (a1)
Extract

During the improvement of the climate of Europe which followed the retreat of the ice at the close of the last glacial period the continent suffered re-invasion by successive waves of immigrating plants at rates determined partly by their natural climatic range and partly by their relative capacity to spread by seeds or by vegetative means. Of this migratory flora the trees are conspicuously important, firstly in that they dominated by their life-form the other components of the vegetation, and secondly in that, being wind-pollinated, they produced vast quantities of pollen which were carried by the wind over wide distances and incorporated in any deposits then forming. In peat and in estuarine and coastal silts particularly, conditions largely inhibited bacterial decay of the spores, the outer membranes of which remain recognizable in microscopic examination. Systematic analysis by the methods introduced by Von Post has now been applied over a large part of Europe and very considerable resemblance is evident in the migratory sequence of forest-types over the whole continent. Since the post-glacial climatic optimum, the climate of the continent has suffered further fluctuations and these are also characterized by regular and well marked changes in the forest-cover of the land as indicated by the fossil pollen-content.

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References
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Thomson, P.W. Die regionale Entwicklungsgeschichte der Wälder Estlands. Acta et Comm. Univ. Tartuensis, AXVII 2 Dorpat, 1929.
Thomson, P.W. Das Geologische Alter der Kunda- und Pernaufunde (vor-läufige mitteilung) Beiträge zur Kunde Estlands. Bd. XIV, H I, 1928.
Thomson, P.W. Geologische datierung Archäologishe Funde in Estland. Fornvannern, 1930.
Armstrong, A.L. Two East Yorkshire Bone Harpoons. Man, 75, 1922 (see also Man, 31 and 83, 1923).
Armstrong, A.L. The Magiemose remains at Holderness and their Baltic counterparts. Procs. Preh. Soc. E. Anglia, 4, 1923.
Burkitt, M.C. A Magiemose Harpoon dredged up recently from the North Sea. Man, 138, 1932.
Muir Evans, H. Procs. Preh. Soc. E. Anglia, 1933.
Erdtman, G. The Boreal Hazel forests and the theory of pollen statistics. Journal of Ecology, 19, 1931.
Von Post, L. Die Postarktischegeschichte der Europäeischen Wälder nach den vorliegenden Pollendiagrammen. Stockholms Högskolas Geologiska Institut, 19, 1929.
H., and Godwin, M.E. Pollen analyses of Fenland peats at St. Germans, near King’s Lynn. Geol. Mag. 1933.
Erdtman, G. International Prehistoric Congress, London, 1932.
Jessen, K. Conditions géologiques des deux stations de plus ancien àge de la pierre dans la tourbière de Holmegaard. Extrait des Mém. de la Soc. Roy. des Antiq. du Nord, 1926–27.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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