Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Early Holocene shell fish hooks from Lene Hara Cave, East Timor establish complex fishing technology was in use in Island South East Asia five thousand years before Austronesian settlement

  • Sue O’Connor (a1) and Peter Veth (a2)
Abstract

Discovery of a well-stratified fish hook from a cave sequence on East Timor shows a fishing technology developed at least 5000 years before the Austronesian expansion through Island South East Asia and into the Pacific. The fish hook is fashioned from shell and has been radiocarbon dated to 9741 ± 60 b.p.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Allen, J. 2000. From beach to beach: the development of maritime economies in prehistoric Melanesia, in O’Connor, S. & Veth, P. (ed.). East of Wallace’s line: studies of past and present maritime societies in the Indo-Pacific region. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 16: 137–76. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.
Bellwood, P. 1997. Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian archipelago (2nd edition). Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Glover, I.C. 1986. Archaeology in Eastern Timor, 1966–67. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, ANU. Terra Australis 11.
Green, R.C. 2003. The Lapita horizon and traditions – signature for one set of oceanic migrations, in Sand, C. (ed.). Pacific archaeology: assessments and prospects. Proceedings of the international conference for the 50th anniversary of the first Lapita excavation (July 1952), Koné-Nouméa 2002: 95120, Nouméa: Le Cahiers de l’Archéologie en Nouvelle-Calédonie 15.
Kirch, P.V. 1987. Lapita and oceanic cultural origins: excavations in the Mussau islands, Bismarck archipelago, 1985. Journal of Field Archaeology 14: 163–80.
O’Connor, S., Spriggs, M. & Veth, P.. 2002a. Excavation at Lene Hara Cave establishes occupation in East Timor at least 30 000–35 000 years ago. Antiquity 76: 4550.
O’Connor, S., Spriggs, M. & Veth, P.. 2002b. Direct dating of shell beads from Lene Hara Cave, East Timor. Australian Archaeology 55: 1821.
O’Connor, S., Veth, P. & Barham, A.J.. 1999. Lacunae in occupation deposits in northern Australia. Quaternary International 59: 6170.
Oppenheimer, S. 2003. Austronesian spread into Southeast Asia and Oceania: where from and when?, in Sand, C. (ed.) Pacific archaeology: assessments and prospects. Proceedings of the international conference for the 50th anniversary of the first Lapita excavation (July 1952), Koné-Noumé a 2002: 5470, Nouméa: Le Cahiers de l’Archéologie en Nouvelle-Calédonie 15.
Spriggs, M. 1997. The Island Melanesians. Oxford: Blackwell.
Smith, A. & Allen, J.. 1999. Pleistocene shell technologies: evidence from Island Melanesia, in J. Hall & I. McNiven (ed.) Australian Coastal Archaeology: 291–7. Research papers in Archaeology and Natural History 31. Canberra: Department of Archaeology and Natural History, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
Szabo, K. & Summerhayes, G.. 2002. Worked shell artefacts – new data from early Lapita, in Bedford, S., Sand, C. & Burley, D. (ed.) Fifty Years in the field essays in honour and celebration of Richard Shutler Jr’s archaeological career. Auckland: New Zealand Archaeological Association Monograph 25.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed