Arndt, S. & Newcomer, M.. 1986. Breakage patterns on prehistoric bone points: an experimental study, in Roe, D. (ed.) Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and northwest Europe (British Archaeological Reports International Series 296): 165-73. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Backwell, L., D'Errico, F. & Wadley, L.. 2008. Middle Stone Age bone tools from the Howiesons Poort layers, Sibudu Cave, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science
Barton, H., Piper, P., Rabett, R. & Reeds, I.. 2009. Composite hunting technologies from the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene, Niah Cave, Borneo. Journal of Archaeological Science
1997. A comparison of Kua and Hadza bow and arrow hunting, in Knecht, H. (ed.) Projectile technology: 321-44. London: Plenum.
1987. Hafting and use of bone and antler points from Ksar Akil, Lebanon, in Stordeur-Yedid, D. (ed.) La main et l'outil: manches et emmanchements préhistoriques (Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient 15): 117-26. Lyon: Maison de l'Orient méditerranéen ancien.
1975. Folklore and ritual of !Kung hunter-gatherers. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Harvard University.
1986. The optimal design of hunting weapons: maintainability or reliability. American Antiquity
Bosc-Zanardo, B., Bon, F. & Fauvelle-Aymar, F.-X.. 2008. Bushmen arrows and their recent history: crossed outlooks of historical, ethnological and archaeological sources, in Projectile weapon elements from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Neolithic (Proceedings of session C83, 15th World Congress UISPP, Lisbon, September 4-9, 2006). P@lethnologie
Bradfield, J. & Lombard, M.. 2011. A macrofracture study of bone points used in experimental hunting with reference to the South African Middle Stone Age. South African Archaeological Bulletin
Brooks, S., Yellen, J., Nevell, L. & Hartman, G.. 2006. Projectile technologies of the African MSA: implications for modern human origins, in Hovers, E. & Kuhn, S. (ed.) Transitions before the transition: evolution and stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age: 233-56. New York: Springer.
2011. Experimental series and use-wear in bone tools. Journal of Archaeological Science
1986. Projectile point size and projectile aerodynamics: an exploratory study. Plains Anthropologist
1977. Interpretations of prehistoric technology from ancient Egyptian and other sources. Part II: prehistoric arrow forms in Africa as shown by surviving examples of the traditional arrows of the San Bushmen. Paléorient
1972. Brittle fracture compression. International Journal of Fracture Mechanics
Cotterell, B. & Kamminga, J.. 1987. The formation of flakes. American Antiquity
David, E., J. Seppä, Fredsted, J., Pelegrin, J. & Xhauflair, H.. 2009. Reconstructing the use of Maglemosian barbed points by experiment. Part 1. Report HAF 10/09 submitted to the Lejre Experimental Centre. Lejre: Sagnlandet Lejre.
1976. Where hunters gathered: a study of Stone Age people in the Eastern Cape (South African Archaeological Society Monograph 1). Claremont: South African Archaeological Society.
1992. Arrows as agents of belief among the /Xam bushmen (Margaret Shaw Lecture 3). Cape Town: South African Museum.
D'Errico, F., Julien, M., Liolios, D., Vanhaeren, M. & Baffier, D.. 2003. Many awls in our argument: bone tools manufacture and use in the Chatelperronian and Aurignatian levels of the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure, in Zilhão, J. & d'Errico, F. (ed.) The chronology of the Aurignacian and of the transitional technocomplexes: dating, stratigraphies, cultural implications: 247-70. Lisbon: Instituto Português de Arqueologia.
1997. Factors influencing the use of stone projectile tips: an ethnographic perspective, in Knecht, K. (ed.) Projectile technology: 37–66. London: Plenum.
Fischer, A., Jansen, P. Vemming & Rasmussen, P.. 1984. Macro and micro wear traces on lithic projectile points: experimental results and prehistoric examples. Journal of Danish Archaeology
1926. Notes on the Hei//om Bushmen. Journal of the South West Africa Scientific Society
1928. The Bushmen of South West Africa, in Hahn, C.H.L., Vedder, H. & Fourie, L. (ed.) The native tribes of South West Africa: 81–105. London. Frank Cass.
2002. Twenty interesting points: an analysis of bone artefacts from Platypus Rockshelter. Queensland Archaeological Review
1990. Mesolithic cutting arrows: functional analysis of arrows used in the hunting of large game. Antiquity
1945. Some historical Bushmen arrows. South African Journal of Science
1983. Osseous projectile points: biological considerations affecting raw material selection and design among Palaeolithic and Paleoindian peoples, in Clutton-Brook, J. & Grigson, C. (ed.) Animals and archaeology (British Archaeological Reports International Series 163): 273-93. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Hitchcock, R. & Bleed, P.. 1997. Each according to need and fashion: spear and arrow use among the San hunters of the Kalahari, in Knecht, H. (ed.) Projectile Technology: 345-68. London: Plenum.
1997. Projectile points of bone, antler and stone: experimental explorations of manufacture and use, in H. Knecht (ed.) Projectile technology: 193–212. London: Plenum.
Lawn, B.R. & Marshall, D.B.. 1979. Mechanisms of microcontact fracture in brittle solids, in Hayden, B. (ed.) Lithic use wear analysis: 63–82. New York: Academic Press.
1979. The !Kung San: men, women and work in a foraging society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2005. A method for identifying Stone Age hunting tools. South African Archaeological Bulletin
2007. Evidence for change in Middle Stone Age hunting behaviour at Blombos Cave: results of a macrofracture analysis. South African Archaeological Bulletin
Lombard, M. & Pargeter, J.. 2008. Hunting with Howiesons Poort segments: pilot experimental study and the functional interpretation of archaeological tools. Journal of Archaeological Science
Lombard, M. & Parsons, I.. 2008. Blade and bladelet function and variability in risk management during the last 2000 years in the Northern Cape. South African Archaeological Bulletin
Lombard, M. & Parsons, I.. 2011. What happened to the human mind after the Howiesons Poort?
Lombard, M. & Phillipson, L.. 2010. Indications of bow and stone-tipped arrow use 64 000 years ago in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Antiquity
1961. Sharing, talking and giving: relief of social tensions among the !Kung Bushmen. Africa
Miller, R., McEwen, E. & Bergman, C.. 1986. Experimental approaches to ancient Near Eastern archery. World Archaeology
1997. Projectile points: form, function and design, in Knecht, H. (ed.) Projectile technology: 371-85. London: Plenum.
1974. Study and replication of bone tools from Ksar Akil (Lebanon). World Archaeology
1993. A technical investigation into the material evidence for archery in the archaeological and ethnographical record of southern Africa. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Cape Town.
Odell, G. & Cowan, F.. 1986. Experiments with spears and arrows on animal targets. Journal of Field Archaeology
Pargeter, J. & Bradfield, J.. 2012. The effects of Class I and II sized bovids on macrofracture formation and tool displacement: results of a trampling experiment in a southern African Stone Age context. Journal of Field Archaeology
1998. Experimental replication and use of Cantabrian Lower Magdalenian antler projectile points. Journal of Archaeological Science
1927. Bows and arrows of the Bushmen. Man
1964. Prehistoric technology. Bath: Adams & Dart.
2006. The origins of lithic projectile point technology: evidence from Africa, the Levant, and Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science
Shea, J.J., Brown, K.S. & Davis, Z.J.. 2002. Controlled experiments with Middle Palaeolithic spear points: Levallois points, in Mathieu, J.R. (ed.) Experimental archaeology: replicating past objects, behaviours and processes (British Archaeological Reports International Series 1035): 55–72. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Sisk, M.L. & Shea, J.J.. 2009. Experimental use and quantitative performance analysis of triangular flakes (Levallois points) used as arrowheads. Journal of Archaeological Science
Smith, A. & Poeggenpoel, C.. 1988. The technology of bone tool fabrication in the South-Western Cape, South Africa. World Archaeology
Smith, A., Malherbe, C., Guenther, M. & Berens, P.. 2000. The Bushmen of Southern Africa: a foraging society in transition. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers.
1905. The native races of South Africa. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co.
1936. The “simple bone point” of the shell-heaps of the northeastern Algonkian area and its probable significance. American Antiquity
Villa, P. & Lenoir, M.. 2006. Hunting weapons of the Middle Stone Age and the Middle Palaeolithic: spear points from Sibudu, Rose Cottage and Bouheben. Southern African Humanities
Villa, P., Soressi, M., Henshilwood, C.S. & Mourre, V.. 2009. The Still Bay points of Blombos Cave (South Africa). Journal of Archaeological Science
1971. A Bushman hunting kit from the Natal Drakensberg. Annals of the Natal Museum
1987. Later Stone Age hunter-gatherers of the southern Transvaal: social and ecological interpretation (Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 25/ British Archaeological Reports International Series 380). Oxford: Archaeopress.
Waguespack, N.M., Surovell, T.A., Denoyer, A., Dallow, A., Savage, A., Hayneman, J. & Tapster, D.. 2009. Making a point: wood- versus stone-tipped projectiles. Antiquity
2007. The silence of colonial melancholy: the Fourie collection of Khoisan ethnologica. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand.
2010. The Fourie collection of Khoisan ethnographica: forming an archive. Social Dynamics
1983. Style and social information in Kalahari San projectile points. American Antiquity
Yaroshevich, A., Kaufman, D., Nuzhnyy, D., Bar-Yosef, O. & Weinstein-Evron, M.. 2010. Design and performance of microlith implemented projectiles during the Middle and the Late Epipaleolithic of the Levant: experimental and archaeological evidence. Journal of Archaeological Science